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Cardiovascular Disease. Do you know someone who has been a victim of a heart attack or stroke? Video – Watch your own heart attack. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – any disease that affects the heart or blood vessels. Video Cardiovascular Disease Biggest killer amoung older adults.

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cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Do you know someone who has been a victim of a heart attack or stroke?

Video – Watch your own heart attack.

cardiovascular disease cvd any disease that affects the heart or blood vessels
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – any disease that affects the heart or blood vessels.
  • Video Cardiovascular Disease
  • Biggest killer amoung older adults.
  • Affects more than 80 million, over 1 million die annually from CVD disorders.
  • Largest economic cost amount diseases, $444 billion in 2010 (both health care costs and loss of wages).
  • Most Common CVDs
    • Arteriosclerosis & Atherosclerosis (see book pg. 52)
    • Coronary Heart Disease & Heart Attack Heart Attack Video
    • Stroke Stroke Video
    • Hypertension (high blood pressure) High Blood Pressure Video
major risk factors associated with coronary heart disease
Major Risk Factors Associated with Coronary Heart Disease.
  • Smoking
    • 2Xs as likely to develop CHD.
    • Increases risk in CVD.
    • There’s Hope! 10 years after quitting return to nonsmokers level.
  • Hypertension (Disease as well as a risk factor)
    • Diet high in sodium
  • High Blood Cholesterol Levels (page 57)
    • “bad cholesterol” LDL (below 100 is optimal)
    • “good cholesterol” HDL (above 60 is optimal) – carries cholesterol away from arteries and back to the liver.
  • See Figure 6 (page 55) combining risk factors.
more risk factors
More Risk Factors
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Diabetes
    • 75% of all individuals with diabetes die from some form of CHD.
  • Obesity and Overweight
  • Heredity
  • Gender
  • Increased Age

Contributory Risk Factors

  • Stress
  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Diet and Nutrition
how can you reduce your risk of chd
How Can You Reduce Your Risk of CHD.
  • Don’t Smoke
  • Lower Your Blood Pressure
  • Reduce Blood Cholesterol Levels
  • Be Physically Active
  • Reduce Your Stress

What is Heart Failure

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