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Co-teaching & Collaboration. Mike Belfiglio Joe Clawson Tara Dudich Doug Muller Marnie Rotter Lyn Steeger. What is co-teaching ?. Two or more educators providing instructions to students with varying abilities in the same physical area. What is collaboration ?.

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co teaching collaboration

Co-teaching & Collaboration

Mike Belfiglio

Joe Clawson

Tara Dudich

Doug Muller

Marnie Rotter

Lyn Steeger

what is co teaching
What is co-teaching?
  • Two or more educators providing instructions to students with varying abilities in the same physical area
what is collaboration
What is collaboration?
  • The manner in which individuals work together to achieve a common goal

What are the components of collaboration?

  • equality
  • voluntary
  • shared decision making
  • common goal
why co teach
Why Co-Teach?
  • Meets educational needs of students with diverse needs
  • Results in direct instructional and social benefits for students
  • Provides another set of hands and eyes and lowers student-teacher ratio
  • Expands professional expertise that can be directed to student needs
3 stages of co teaching
3 Stages of Co-Teaching
  • 1. Beginning Stage
  • Guided, careful communication
  • 2. Compromising Stage
  • Give and take communication, with a sense of having to “give up” to “get”
  • 3. Collaborating Stage
  • Open communication and interaction, mutual admiration
6 types of co teaching
6 Types of Co-Teaching
  • 1. One Teaching, One Assisting
  • One teacher has primary responsibility for designing and delivering specific instruction to the entire group.
  • The second teacher supports the lead teacher either by observing designated students or by “drifting” through the classroom providing assistance to the students as needed
6 types of co teaching8
6 Types of Co-Teaching
  • 2. Station Teaching
  • Class is divided into stations
  • Co-teachers divide the instructional content and each takes responsibility for teaching part of it
  • Students benefit from lower student-teacher ratio
  • Students with disabilities may be integrated rather than singled out
6 types of co teaching9
6 Types of Co-Teaching
  • 3. Parallel Teaching
  • Teachers jointly plan instruction but each delivers it to a heterogeneous group comprised of half the students
  • Teachers must coordinate efforts so that both groups receive the same instruction and are grouped to maintain diversity
6 types of co teaching10
6 Types of Co-Teaching
  • 4. Alternative Teaching
  • One teacher works with a small group to pre-teach or re-teach material that needs extra support
  • Second teacher works with the larger group on content the smaller group can afford to miss
  • Can also be used for enrichment for a group that has already mastered what the larger group is working on
6 types of co teaching11
6 Types of Co-Teaching
  • 5. Team Teaching
  • Both teachers are responsible for planning and sharing instruction of all students
  • Teachers may role play, debate, simulate, and model
  • Requires that co-teachers are able to mesh their teaching styles
6 types of co teaching12
6 Types of Co-Teaching
  • 6. One Teaching, One Observing
  • One teaches the whole class
  • Second teacher observes to collect data on a single student, a group of students, or whole class for behaviors that both professionals have previously agreed to observe
  • Good for Functional Behavior Assessments or for Child Study Teams
6 types of co teaching13
6 Types of Co-Teaching
  • 1. One Teaching, One Assisting
  • 2. Station Teaching
  • 3. Parallel Teaching
  • 4. Alternative Teaching
  • 5. Team Teaching
  • 6. One Teaching, One Observing
what are the pros cons of co teaching
What are the pros & cons of Co-Teaching?


  • Roles may not be clearly defined
  • May involve extra planning
  • Conflicts with personality or teaching style


  • Extra in-class support
  • Differentiated instruction
  • Inclusion of all students
  • Varied teaching methods hold student interest
  • More individualized attention for students
  • More focus on student needs

Can you think of any more????


Friend, M. & Cook, L. (1996). Interactions: Collaboration Skills for School Professionals. White Plains, NY: Longman Publishers.

Gately, S. & Gately, F. (2001). Understanding Co-teaching Components. Teaching Exceptional Children, 33(4), 40-47.

Murawski, W. & Dieker, L. (2004). Tips and Strategies for Co-Teaching at the Secondary Level. Teaching Exceptional Children, 36(5), 52-58.

Wunder, M. & Lindsey, C. (2004). The Ins, Outs of Co-Teaching. Innovations, April 2004.