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India. Summer Monsoon. Winter Monsoon. Religion and Language Stats. Religions: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.8%, Buddhists 0.8%, Jains 0.4%, others 0.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 Census).

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Religion and Language Stats

  • Religions: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.8%, Buddhists 0.8%, Jains 0.4%, others 0.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 Census).

  • Languages: 216 languages with more than 10,000 native speakers in India. The largest of these is Hindi with some 337 million (the second largest being Bengali with some 207 million). 22 languages are recognized as official languages. In India, there are 1,652 languages and dialects in total.


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What is Hinduism?

  • Polytheistic

  • Caste system

  • Reincarnation

  • Vegetarianism?

  • Rituals of purification

  • The Rig Veda tells the Hindu origin story

  • Hinduism is a diverse religion found primarily in India. There is variation in local practices and the worship of particular deities. However, there are central tenants that unify it as one religion. The core of Hinduism is the belief in Brahman, the underlying universal life force that encompasses and embodies existence. According to Hindu scriptures, one's ignorance of the true nature of the self (atman) as one with Brahman is what traps one in the cycle of endless death and reincarnation (samsara). Thus, the highest goal of Hinduism is liberation (moksha) from the karmic cycle of death and rebirth.


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Ghats are mountains east and west of the Deccan Plateau, but ghats are also steps that go down to rivers, such as the Ganges.


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Jainism ghats are also steps that go down to rivers, such as the Ganges.

  • Followers of the Dharma as taught by the Jinas, ~500 BC

  • Contemplative to the extreme

  • Offshoot of Hinduism (Dharma & Karma)

  • Extreme vegetarianism

  • Gujurat in NW India, near the Ran of Kutch, Sind, Thar Desert

  • Rigorous lifestyle=small number, ~4 million


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Jain Temple, NW India ghats are also steps that go down to rivers, such as the Ganges.


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Sikhism ghats are also steps that go down to rivers, such as the Ganges.

  • Sikhs web page

  • 1500s synthesis of Islam and Hindi, no castes, egalitarian, Punjab at Amritsar.

  • Every Sikh's last name is Singh

  • 15th century Guru Nanak.

  • Sikhs assassinated Indira Gandhi.

  • Speak Punjabi, never cut their hair or beard, must carry a dagger.

  • They're great farmers and own a lot of land in the Sacramento valley.

  • During floods last year, warnings were broadcast in English, Spanish, and Punjabi.


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Akali Phooh Singh Ji, 1762-1823, Sikh leader ghats are also steps that go down to rivers, such as the Ganges.


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Sikh’s Golden Temple at Amritsar ghats are also steps that go down to rivers, such as the Ganges.


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Panjab travel ghats are also steps that go down to rivers, such as the Ganges.


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Indira Gandhi, Neru’s daughter, who, in her second term as prime minister of India, was assassinated by the Sikhs for her suppression of a Sikh rebellion, which desecrated the Golden Temple. In 1988, her son, Rajiv was assassinated by a Tamil suicide bomber.His widow, Sonia, an Italian by birth, now wields considerable power in Indian politics.


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Mohandas K. Gandhi, the Mahatma. Father of non-violent resistance. Assassinated by a Hindu extremist in 1948.


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Buddhism in India resistance. Assassinated by a Hindu extremist in 1948.

  • Buddhism is an Indian religion founded in North India and based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who is known as the Buddha (literally the Enlightened One or Awakened One). Buddhism arose in India and flourished during the reign of emperors Bimbisara, Ashoka, Milinda, and Kanishka. It was then introduced and incorporated into the religious structure of other countries, including China, Korea and Japan, largely due to the efforts of missionarybhikkhus.

  • Buddhism declined and disappeared from most regions of India around the 13th century, but not without leaving a significant impact. Buddhist practice continued in Himalayan areas like Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim. It has reemerged as a major faith in India in the past century.


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Spread of Buddhism resistance. Assassinated by a Hindu extremist in 1948.


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Islam in India resistance. Assassinated by a Hindu extremist in 1948.

  • Established under Mughal Rule as Islam spread eastward in the 1700s

  • Many Muslims removed to Pakistans at Partition in 1948

  • Still 100 million Muslims in India today

  • Most famous site is the Taj Mahal, the tomb of the beloved wife of the Mughal Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz

  • Islam appealed to Hindus of low caste


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Kumbh Mela resistance. Assassinated by a Hindu extremist in 1948.http://www.kumbhamela.net/The world’s largest festivalVideo

Kumbh Mela (कुम्भ मेला) is a Hindupilgrimage that occurs four times every twelve years and rotates among four locations: Prayag (Allahabad), Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik. Each twelve-year cycle includes one Maha Kumbh Mela (Great Kumbh Mela) at Prayag, which is attended by millions of people, making it the largest gathering anywhere in the world. It was actually started by King Harshvardhana of Ujjain. He used all his wealth to donate during this mela to poor, learned people of all religions.

After visiting the Kumbh mela of 1895, Mark Twain wrote:

"It is wonderful, the power of a faith like that, that can make multitudes upon multitudes of the old and weak and the young and frail enter without hesitation or complaint upon such incredible journeys and endure the resultant miseries without repining. It is done in love, or it is done in fear; I do not know which it is. No matter what the impulse is, the act born of it is beyond imagination marvelous to our kind of people, the cold whites."


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Kumbh Mela resistance. Assassinated by a Hindu extremist in 1948.site Jan. 2007, 70,000,000 attended?


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Sadhu resistance. Assassinated by a Hindu extremist in 1948.


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