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Cultural Contributions to South Carolina. The Gullah Culture Ms. Barrett Houston Elementary. What is Gullah?. Culture directly linked to West Africa “Gullah” comes from Angola in West Africa Combined European, Native American, African cultures. History.

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Cultural contributions to south carolina

Cultural Contributions to South Carolina

The Gullah Culture

Ms. Barrett

Houston Elementary


What is gullah
What is Gullah?

  • Culture directly linked to West Africa

  • “Gullah” comes from Angola in West Africa

  • Combined European, Native American, African cultures


History
History

  • Settlers in colonies needed plantation workers

  • West Africans were skilled farmers

  • European ships carried West Africans to SC

  • West African heritage brought to SC


Language
Language

  • Gullah is also a language

  • Developed by Africans to communicate with tribes, Europeans

  • Gullah language is similar to Krio

  • Krio-language spoken in Sierra Leone, West Africa


Traditions basket making
Traditions-Basket Making

  • One Gullah tradition is creating coiled grass baskets

  • Sweetgrass and palmetto leaves commonly used

  • Baskets were used on rice plantations

  • Art form of sweetgrass basketry continues today


Fishnets
Fishnets

  • Gullah fishermen knitted their own fishing nets

  • Natural materials were used to make the nets

  • Art of fishnet making came from West Africa


Storytelling
Storytelling

  • Gullah folklore was shared through storytelling

  • Folktales often included animals as main characters

  • Stories always included a lesson to be learned


Songs
Songs

  • Music is very important to the Gullah culture

  • Stories were often told through songs

  • Gullah is found in religious practices

  • Gullah songs were an expression of slave experiences


Summary
Summary

  • Gullah culture strongly impacted South Carolina

  • Gullah language and traditions still present in South Carolina

  • Gullah culture most prevalent in Low Country of South Carolina


Credits
Credits

  • All photos are courtesy of the Library of Congress

  • And the American Memory Collection

  • Home Page


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