TRANSGENIC:HOW THEY AFFECT ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN NORTH DAKOTA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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TRANSGENIC:HOW THEY AFFECT ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN NORTH DAKOTA

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  1. TRANSGENIC:HOW THEY AFFECT ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN NORTH DAKOTA Brad Brummond NDSU Extension Service/ Walsh County 2002

  2. NORTH DAKOTA • First in organic grain production • 90,000 acres certified production

  3. UNITED STATES • 1992-1997 certified organic cropland has more then doubled • Medium term growth rates 22%

  4. IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE • Viable, fast growing segment of agriculture in ND, U.S. and world

  5. PROBLEMS FACING ORGANIC AGRICULTURE • Organic standards have no set tolerances • Growing acreage of GMO crops in North Dakota and United States • UP of organic grains with GMO material will decertify it • Possible loss of markets

  6. CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIC INDUSTRY IN NORTH DAKOTA

  7. KEEPING SEED SUPPLY FREE OF U.P. • Growing acreage of transgenic soybeans, corn and canola • pollen drift and insects • Concern about purity of North Dakota Seedstock Program

  8. POLLEN DRIFT • Seen as one of the biggest threats to organic crops • abandonment of certified organic canola production by most producers • Organic growers trying to to develop procedures to deal with this

  9. UNINTENDED PRESENCE WITHIN THE SYSTEM • Some buyers will reject anything over Zero • Almost impossible to clean last seed out of equipment and facilities

  10. LONG TERM ENVIROMENTAL AFFECTS

  11. STEPS FOR OVERCOMING

  12. COMMUNICATION HAS BEGUN • Organic producers, breeders, North Dakota Seedstock Program, organic certifiers, Northern Plains Sustainable Agriculture Society and Extension have begun communicating on this issue

  13. FARMERS BREEDING CLUB PROJECT • Northern Plains Sustainable Agriculture Society (NPSAS) has started training farmers to make seed selections • Goal is to develop alternative seed system • Project is under funded at this point

  14. EDUCATIONAL SESSIONS • NPSAS and other organic organizations are providing training sessions for farmers • Certification groups are developing procedures to try to reduce risk • Resolutions have been drafted on transgenic crops by NPSAS • Organic community is organizing

  15. STARTING WITH CLEAN SEED • Buy organically grown seed when possible • Test every lot of seed before your buy for contamination

  16. SEPERATION BY TIMING OF PLANTING • Planting organic corn later then GMO corn • goal is to try and get 5 to 10 day difference in bloom

  17. DILIGENCE THROUGH DISTANCE • Organic farmers consult with conventional neighbors • put organic production as far away as possible from transgenic fields • separate far enough so bees should not carry pollen between fields

  18. FACILITY AND EQUIPMENT CONTAMINATION • Producers are trying to use equipment and facilities that have never had transgenic products in them • Clean out affidavits on other items being used

  19. KEEP IN TOUCH WITH CERTIFIERS • Certification organizations are developing standards and protocols • You need to know what is required of you

  20. SUMMARY • Communication • Diligence • Stay informed

  21. SOLUTIONS???? • Communications • Coexistence working group • Identify issues • Gather information • Make recommendations • Disseminate findings

  22. OBJECTIVES OF WORKING GROUP • Identify issues • Gather information • Promote understanding between systems • Develop BMPs • Education

  23. HISTORY • Pilot group • 2 meetings 2001 • Original organic groups, NDSU and state personnel • Decided to include all stakeholders and write grant • SARE grant

  24. GROUP MEMBERS • Farmers • Organic • Conventional • IP • Biotech

  25. GROUP MEMBERS • University • ND Depts. • Biotech industry • Organic groups

  26. ORDER OF BUSINESS • Id issues • Gather information • Make decisions • Disseminate decisons

  27. ISSUES IDENTIFIED • Liability • Where does it lie for U.P. • Farmers, industry, NDSU • Genetic drift (UP) • Commingling

  28. LAND GRANT RESEARCH FUNDING • Public crop variety research and development • NDSU mission relating to germplasm maintance and varietal development • Relationship to private companies

  29. SEGREAGATION/PURITY • Segregation • Can it be done and if so how? • Purity • How do we keep things separate • Monitoring

  30. TOLERANCE • What is acceptable? • Market requirements • NOP • Is zero realistic? • Sampling • Testing

  31. GERMPLASM • Who has the right of access • Multiple systems for plant development • Access to and development of non-transgenic seed • Long term storage viability of germplasm base

  32. Germplasm • Implications of patented varieties • Consolidation in the seed industry

  33. STANDARDS • Protocols for research and development of seed increase • Protocols for commercial seed production • Education of growers

  34. CONSEQUENCES • Cost /benefit of current commercial transgenic crops • Future transgenic development • IP infrastructure for added value and rural development

  35. NEIGHBORS • Need for farmer education and communication • Isolation buffers/responsibilities

  36. CONSUMER CONCERNS • Consumer perceptions, attitudes and education • Labeling costs and benefits Consumer choice Food feed and environment

  37. REQUIREMENTS • Decision process on commercialization of transgenic crops

  38. This material is based upon work supported by the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, under Cooperative Agreement number 2000-38640-11923

  39. “Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.”