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INDIA. INDIA OVERVIEW. LOCATED IN THE SOUTHERN TIP OF ASIA. LIES ENTIRELY IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE. MAINLAND OF INDIA: North to South 3,200 kms. East to West 2,900 kms. Area is 7 th largest in the World. Land frontier 15,000 kms. Coast line 6,100 kms.

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India overview l.jpg
INDIA OVERVIEW

  • LOCATED IN THE SOUTHERN TIP OF ASIA.

  • LIES ENTIRELY IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE.

  • MAINLAND OF INDIA:

  • North to South 3,200 kms.

  • East to West 2,900 kms.

  • Area is 7th largest in the World.

  • Land frontier 15,000 kms.

  • Coast line 6,100 kms.

  • POPULATION 1.025 Billion

  • CLIMATE Monsoon tropical to Mountainous Arctic.



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INDIA OVERVIEW (contd.)

  • LANGUAGES: 17 major; 844 dialects

  • LANGUAGES OF THE CONSTITUTION : Hindi & English

  • POLITICAL SYSTEM : Secular, Socialist, Federal, Democracy.

  • STRUCTURE : 29 Federative States + 6 Union Territories

  • CURRENCY : INDIAN RUPEE ( INR )

  • Equivalency ( Feb. 1st, 2003)

  • - US$ 1 = INR 47.75

  • - Euro = INR 51.60

  • - NOK = INR 6.85

  • *PER CAPITA GNP : US$ 500+

  • * LIFE EXPECTANCY : 65 years


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INDIAN ECONOMY : GROWTH

  • Q1+ Q2(Fiscal 2002-03)Q1+ Q2(Fiscal 2001-02)

  • GDP Growth 5.2% 4.4%

  • Agriculture 2.5% 3.3%

  • Services 7.5% 5.5%

  • Finance/Insurance 8.9% 7.6%

  • Hotels, Communica-

  • tions etc. 8.0% 2.4%

  • *Industry 5.1% 2.1%

  • Capital goods 8.9% 6.8%

  • Basic Engineering 4.8% 2.1%

  • Consumer,non durable 14.8% 2.8%

  • Core Industrial 5.6% 2.5%

  • Overall BOP Surplus $ 6,685 million $ 1,904 million


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INDIA : FOREIGN EXCHANGE

  • YEAR 2002YEAR 2001

  • RESERVES $ 78 billion $ 56 billion

  • IMPORT COVER 15 months 11.5 months

  • RESERVES/GDP 13.9% 10.2%

  • India now 8th largest holder of forex stock in the world.

  • India`s import cover 2nd highest(after Japan) of major economies.

  • China has 11 months cover.


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INDIA`S FOREIGN TRADE

  • US$ Million

  • `99-`00`00-`01`01-`02

  • *Exports 37599 44035 43998

  • *Imports 47212 50113 50654

  • *Balance - 9613 - 6078 - 6655

  • *Main Exports

  • Gems & Jewellery

  • Engineering Goods

  • Garments

  • *Main Imports

  • *Petroleum etc.

  • *Machinery & Chemicals

  • *Precious Stones etc.


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INDIA: EFFECTS OF IRAQ WAR

ANTICIPATED WORST CASE SCENARIO:

- Oil Prices may go up to $45 per barrel.

- Inflation will jump from 4.5% to 6%.

- Impact will persist through Year 2004.

- GDP growth will decrease by 1%.

- Manufacturing and IT sectors will be hit badly.

- Indian Rupee will cross limit of INR 50= US$ 1


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INDIA`S TRADE WITH NORWAY

  • (US$ Million)

  • `99-`00`00-`01`01-`02

  • Exports 51.32 60.39 54.30

  • Imports 43.01 46.85 47.98

  • Balance 8.31 13.54 6.32

  • Main Exports

  • Clothing/Apparel

  • Leather Products

  • Main Imports

  • Elec. Machinery

  • Organic Chemicals

  • Nickel etc.


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INDIA- FOREIGN INVESTMENT

  • NETT FDI INFLOWS (US$ Millions)

  • YEAR 2002YEAR 2001

  • Jan – Mar 1,192 500

  • Apr-Jun 1,066 609

  • Jul 422 481

  • Aug 170 660

  • FISCAL 2001-02FISCAL 2000-01

  • NETT FDI (US$ Billions) 4.06 2.46

  • NETT FDI up by 65%

  • Source: World Bank / CII Investment report










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INDIA vs CHINA - I“The Puzzle”


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INDIA vs CHINA - 2INVESTMENTS & PRODUCTIVITY(Source : Intl. Finance Corp.)



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INDIA vs CHINA - 3“THE INDIAN ROPE TRICK”


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INDIA : BASE CONDITIONS

  • NEGATIVES

  • High Import duties.

  • High cost of finance.

  • Infrastructure deficiencies.

  • Heavy Bureaucracy.

  • High cost of power / Inefficiencies.

  • Convoluted Tax and duty structure.

  • Problematic labour laws.


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INDIA : BASE CONDITIONS

  • POSITIVES

  • Excellent skilled Engineers /Managers/ Professionals.

  • Competitively priced human resources.

  • International level IT and Biotech skills.

  • Excellent design and development skills.

  • Good multidisciplinary skills e.g. Bioinformatics.

  • Very large biodiversity resource.

  • Positive encouragement to Renewable Energy.


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INDIA : MACRO ANALYSIS

  • On basis of positives and negatives:

  • Maximum potential in knowledge based areas: ICT, Bio etc.

  • A) For exports:

  • Software

  • IC Chip designing / other design activities

  • ITES / BPO / Call Centres

  • Geographical Information Systems

  • Data Mining / Drug testing - CRO

  • Biotech / Bioinformatics

  • B) For domestic market

  • Telecom

  • Software products e.g. ERP,CRM etc.

  • Specialised software e.g. CAD

  • Smart Card systems

  • Pharma


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INDIA : MACRO ANALYSIS

  • OTHER POTENTIAL AREAS OF INTEREST

  • Renewable Energy

  • Solar , Wind, Small Hydro, Biomass

  • Pharmaceuticals from biodiversity.

  • Healthcare

  • Infrastructure

  • Shipping / Marine / Infrastructure


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INDIA : MACRO ANALYSIS

  • POTENTIAL FOR MANUFACTURING

  • Due to the `negatives`, following are more viable:

  • For Export –

  • Only items where local value added very high through labour

  • materials, components e.g. Leather goods, garments/textiles,

  • polished diamonds/jewellery.

  • *For the Indian market –

  • A)Large demand volumes:

  • *Items with high value added & minimal imports e.g. Scooters

  • *Process oriented items with minimal imports e.g. Cement

  • *Fast moving consumer & food processing items with minimal

  • imports e.g. toiletries, mineral water etc.


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INDIA : MACRO ANALYSIS

  • POTENTIAL FOR MANUFACTURING

  • For the Indian market –

  • B) Small to medium demand volumes:

  • *High cost items with high local value added e.g. pumps.

  • *Bulky, large weight/volume items where freight costs for

  • imported equivalents is significant.

  • *Specialty high value items particularly of strategic

  • importance e.g. transducers / sensors.


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INDIA : OFFSHORE SECTOR

  • Started in 1970 with finding of oil in Bombay High.

  • Initial exploitation only by public sector.

  • Oil accounts for 30% of India`s energy consumption.

  • India`s Oil consumption:

  • Year 2000: 2 million barrels per day

  • Year 2010: 3 million barrels per day

  • *India`s average crude oil production: 800,000 barrels/day.

  • *Of which 250,000+ barrels per day from Bombay High.

  • *Strategic requirement to increase domestic production.


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INDIA: OFFSHORE SECTOR

  • Govt. announces “New Exploration Licensing Policy” (NELP)

  • Encouragement to private and foreign sectors.

  • NELP(I):Year 2000; NELP(II):Year 2001; NELP(III):Year 2003

  • Only about 25% of sedimentary basin totally explored.

  • About 55% totally unexplored.

  • Contracts for 70 blocks signed in last 3 years.

  • Main players: Reliance, Niko, Hardy, Cairn, Geopetrol, Heramec.

  • Needs investment of US$ 50 billion+ in next 15 years.

  • 7 discoveries made, estimated at 250 million tonnes


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INDIA :SHIPS & SHIPPING

  • INDIAN SHIPPING FLEET ( not incl. Coastals, Barges, lighters etc.):

  • 515 ships , growth: 6% p.a.

  • GRT - 7.1 Million Tonnes, growth: 1.7%; target: 5% p.a.

  • DWT – 11.5 million tonnes.

  • Reduction in average size of ships.

  • Caters predominantly to domestic shipping.

  • INDIAN SHIPOWNERS SHARE IN INTL. TRADE:

  • By Volume - 30%

  • By Value: - 12%

  • PRINCIPAL SHIPPING LINES:

  • Shipping Corpn. Of India ( Public Sector but to be privatised)

  • Great Eastern

  • Essar

  • Varun


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INDIA : SHIPBUILDING

  • INDIAN SHIPYARDS:

  • 4 major and seven medium sized (all in public sector).

  • 35 smaller sized, all in private sector.

  • GOVT. OWNED SHIPYARDS:

  • Poor quality

  • Cost overruns

  • Delayed deliveries

  • High cost ( principally high cost of steel)

  • Candidates for privatisation (Kvaerner talking to Hind. Shipyard)

  • PRINCIPAL SOURCE OF SHIP SUPPLY : South Korea

  • PRIVATE SHIPYARDS:

  • -More efficient, especially the smaller ones.

  • -Poor infrastructure.

  • -ABG Shipyards made Newsprint Carriers for Lys Lines (Norway).


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INDIA : PORTS

  • SEAPORTS HANDLE 95% OF CARGO TO & FROM INDIA.

  • SEA CARGO AT INDIAN PORTS:

  • Year 2002-03 390 million tonnes

  • Year 2006-07(est.) 540 million tonnes

  • PORTS:

  • 12 major ports , handle 75% of seaborne trade (Public Sector)

  • 140 minor ports of which 25 are very active.( State & Private)

  • 5 new private deep water ports in offing

  • A few captive ports as well

  • US$ 30 billion investment made last ten years for modernisation

  • US$ 50 billion expected next ten years

  • Average turn around time reduced from 7.84 days to 3.7 days.

  • Changing from `Service Port` to `Landlord port` model.

  • Incentives and concessions for investment in ports


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INDIA : CONTAINER TRAFFIC

  • CONTAINER CARGO:

  • In 1990-91 7.62 million tonnes (0.68 million TEU`s)

  • In 2001-02 37.23 million tonnes (2.44 million TEU`s)

  • By 2006-07 105 million tonnes (6.9 million TEU`s)

  • CAGR of 14%. Compare with 7 to 8% for overall cargo.

  • MAIN CONTAINER PORTS:

  • -NHAVA SHEVA (NS) PORT ( New Mumbai)

  • a)Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust: handles 70% of India`s traffic, and

  • is world`s 3rd fastest growing container port.

  • b)NS International Container Terminal/P&O Ports.

  • -Cochin (Vallarpadam)

  • -Vizaq (Visaka)

  • -Chennai

  • -Tuticorin

  • -Kandla


India bulk shipping l.jpg
INDIA : BULK SHIPPING

  • LIQUID BULK 110 million tonnes CAGR 7.1%

  • Crude Oil

  • Petroleum products

  • DRY BULK 100 million tonnes CAGR 6.4%

  • -Iron Ore

  • -Coal

  • -Fertilizers & raw materials

  • -Food grains

  • BREAK BULK 15 million tonnes CAGR 5%

  • 70% bulk cargo handled in major ports of India

  • 30% bulk cargo handled in minor ports of India

  • Draft restrictions at Dry Bulk Ports means use of smaller ships:

  • - Only Panamax, Aframax and Handymax ships.


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INDO-NORWEGIAN VENTURES

  • INDIAN CO.NORWEGIAN CO.ITEM

  • Acto Information Norman Data Defense Software

  • A.Power Moeller Energi Small Hydro

  • Annapurna Kennmore Laiberg Holding Refrig. items

  • Carbon Everflow Flowtite Plastic Pipes etc.

  • CP Engineering Algas Fluid Microfilters etc.

  • Elva Induction Elva Induksjon Induction heaters

  • Eltek SGS Eltek Telecom

  • Fluro Start Glamax Lighting

  • Garden Reach Ulstein Diesel Engines

  • Hydro Coatings Norsk Hydro Speciality coating

  • Hydro Norinco Norsk Hydro Hydrogen plants

  • Hydro S&S Norsk Hydro Petrochemicals

  • Indal Hydro Norsk Hydro Aluminium items

  • Jordan Dental Care Jordan Toothbrushes

  • Kvaerner Powergas Kvaerner Consultancy

  • Maritime Hydraulics Maritime Hydraulics Oilfield eqpt.

  • Nera India Nera Networks Telecom

  • Norcool India Norcool AS Refrigeration

  • Etc. etc.


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INDO-NORWEGIAN VENTURES

Machinery : 10

Shipping /Maritime: 9

Information Tech: 6

Chemicals & Petro: 6

Electrical/Electronics: 5

Metallurgy: 4

Refrigeration: 3

Telecom: 2

Gases: 2

Others: 16


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  • THANK YOU

  • Anand K. Sethi

  • Managing Director

  • Applied Technology Services Pvt. Ltd.

  • 14-F, Basant Lok; Vasant Vihar

  • New Delhi 110057; INDIA


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INDIA : FISHING SECTOR

FISH PRODUCTION ( million tonnes)

1998-99 : 4.25

2000-01 : 5.65

2001-02 : 6.0

- Marine Sector = 50%; Inland Sector = 50%.

- Provides employment to 6 million fishermen.

FISH PRODUCTION POTENTIAL: 8.4 million tonnes

POTENTIAL UTILISATION: 65% only

EXPORTS: $ 1.3 billion ( Year 2001 )

TOTAL INVESTMENT: $ 700 million

TOTAL OVERSEAS INVESTMENT: $ 175 million

MAIN VARIETIES: prawns, shrimp, tuna, cuttlefish, squids,

octopus, red snapper, mackerel, catfish, lobster, ribbon fish.


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INDIA : INFRASTRUCTURE

* National Highways program outlay: $ 11.25 billion

* National Highways (Golden Quadrilateral) : 5,846 kms by 2003

* Multilaning of 7,300 kms of National Highways

* Indian Railways Golden Quadrilateral program: $ 2 billion

* Major Power sector reform - New Electricity bill in 2003

* Major emphasis on Hydro Power ( approx 8000 MW )

* Other important infrastructure initiatives:

- New and privatised Airports.

- National Water initiative.

- Special Economic Zones.

- Urban Infrastructure improvement.

- Rural Infrastructure improvement.

- Solid waste management projects