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South Carolina Commission for Minority Affairs The Culture of Poverty presented by Sheila Albergottie MSW, Project Coordinator African American Affairs July 8, 2009. CMA. www.state.sc.us/cma. Training Objectives. Give an overview of the Commission for Minority Affairs

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www state sc us cma

South Carolina Commission for Minority Affairs The Culture of Povertypresented bySheila Albergottie MSW, Project Coordinator African American AffairsJuly 8, 2009

CMA

www.state.sc.us/cma

training objectives
Training Objectives
  • Give an overview of the Commission for Minority Affairs
  • Review poverty definitions / data and discuss the status of poverty in South Carolina
  • Identify some specific issues to consider when working with persons in poverty
sc commission for minority affairs mission
SC Commission for Minority Affairs Mission

Serve as a think-tank to improve the plight of minorities

Serve as the catalyst to bring about public policy changes

Single point of contact for assistance and referral

Serve as a clearinghouse for minority information

3

historical overview
Historical Overview
  • Created in 1993 – Governor Carroll Campbell
  • Non-Cabinet Agency
  • Primary focus was African Americans
  • 2001 – Ad hoc committee for Hispanic persons
  • 2003 – added Hispanic / Latino Affairs and Native American Affairs
minority affairs commission
Minority Affairs Commission
  • Alleviate poverty and deprivation
  • Determine contributing factors to poverty
  • Serve as the single point of contact for minority populations
    • African Americans
    • Hispanics/Latinos
    • Native Americans
    • Other ethnic races
contributing factors to poverty
Contributing Factors to Poverty
  • Family Destruction and Weakness
  • Education Deprivation
  • Lack of Jobs – Under and Unemployment
  • Lack of Community/Economic Development
  • Lack of Income and Wealth Creation
  • Lack of Minority Businesses/Venture Capital
  • Health Status and Care - Disparities
  • Disproportionate Representation - Criminal Justice System
poverty status of minorities
Poverty Status of Minorities

The SC Commission for Minority Affairs

Minority Issues Conference

June 11, 2007

Race, Poverty and a State of Mind

www.state.sc.us/cma

Dr. Ruby Payne

aha! Process, Inc.

www.ahaprocess.com

poverty overview
Poverty Overview
  • Poverty Defined
  • Culture of Poverty
  • Generational Poverty
  • Situational Poverty
poverty defined
Poverty Defined
  • Poverty is relative
  • Based on geographic location
  • Census Bureau - finances
poverty geographically
Poverty Geographically

The Historic Black Belt's Conditions remain some of the worst in our nation. The Black Belt is still home to persistent poverty, poor employment, low incomes, low education, poor health, high infant mortality and dependance.

  • .
the state of poverty in south carolina
The State of Poverty in South Carolina

http://ers.usda.gov/Data/PovertyRates/PovListpct.asp?Longname=SouthCarolina is the online source for this map

culture of poverty
Culture of Poverty
  • The culture of poverty concept is a social theory explaining the cycle of poverty. Based on the concept that the poor have a unique value system, the culture of poverty theory suggests the poor remain in poverty because of their adaptations to the burdens of poverty. Wikipedia Encyclopedia
poverty generational vs situational
PovertyGenerational vs. Situational

Generational poverty: families who have lived in poverty for at least two generations.

Situational Poverty: families that have fallen into poverty because of a traumatic event such as illness or divorce, unemployment, etc.

Dr. Ruby Payne

counties above the national poverty level
Counties above the National Poverty Level

Source: Online http://ers.usda.gov/Data/PovertyRates/PovListpct.asp?Longname=SouthCarolina

and http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45000.html

counties that exceed the state and national poverty rates
Counties that exceed the state and national poverty rates

Source: Online http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45000.html

activity
Activity

How We View Others

  • Deficit
  • Deviant
  • Different
  • Other

Dr. Linda Webb Watson

a framework for understanding poverty ruby k payne ph d hidden rules
A Framework for Understanding PovertyRuby K. Payne, Ph.D.Hidden Rules

One of the key resources for success in

school and at work is an understanding of

the hidden rules. Hidden rules are the

unspoken clues that individuals use to

indicate membership in a group.

intervention issues
Intervention Issues
  • Be prepared
  • How you approach others matters
  • Communication styles
  • Relationships
a framework for understanding poverty ruby k payne ph d additive model
Honors internal assets of people from all economic classes

Names problems accurately

Identifies the mindsets and patterns that individuals use to survive

Identifies strengths and resources in the individual, family, school and community

Offers economic diversity as a prism through which individuals and schools can analyze and respond

Identifies skills, theories of change, program designs, partnerships and ways of building school where students achieve

Encourage the development of strategies to respond to all causes of poverty

A Framework for Understanding PovertyRuby K. Payne, Ph.D.Additive Model
a framework for understanding poverty ruby k payne ph d behaviors related to poverty
LAUGHING

INAPPROPRIATE OR VULGAR COMMENTS

PHYSICALLY FIGHT

HANDS ALWAYS ON SOMEONE ELSE

CANNOT FOLLOW DIRECTIONS

EXTREMELY DISORGANIZED

COMPLETE ONLY PART OF A TASK

DISRESPECTFUL TO TEACHERS

HARM OTHER STUDENTS, VERBALLY OR PHYSICALLY

A Framework for Understanding PovertyRuby K. Payne, Ph.D.Behaviors Related to Poverty
a framework for understanding poverty ruby k payne ph d key points to remember
1. Poverty is relative.

2. Poverty occurs in all races and in all countries

3. Economic class is a continuous line, not a clear-cut distinction.

4. Generational poverty and situational poverty are different.

5. This information and work is based on patterns. All patterns have exceptions

6. An individual brings with him/her the hidden rules of the class in which he/she was raised.

7. Schools and businesses operate from middle-class norms and use the hidden rules of middle class.

8 For our students to be successful, we must understand their hidden rules and teach them the rules that will make them successful at school and at work.

9. We can neither excuse students nor scold them for not knowing; as educators we must teach them and provide support, insistence, and expectations.

10. To move from poverty to middle class or middle class to wealth, an individual must give up relationships for achievement (at least for some period of time).

11. Two things that help one move out of poverty are education and relationships.

12. Four reasons one leaves poverty are: It’s too painful to stay, a vision or goal, a key relationship, or a special talent or skill.

A Framework for Understanding PovertyRuby K. Payne, Ph.D.Key Points to Remember
key points cont
Resources -To better understand students and adults from poverty, the definition of poverty will be the "extent to which an individual does without resources" including:

Financial--Having the money to purchase goods and services.

Emotional--Being able to choose and control emotional responses, particularly to negative situations, without engaging in self-destructive behavior. This is an internal resource and shows itself through stamina, perseverance and choices.

Mental--Having the mental abilities and acquired skills (reading, writing, computing) to deal with daily life.

Physical--Having physical health and

mobility.

Support Systems--Having friends, family, backup resources and knowledge

bases available to access in times of need. These are external resources.

Role Models--Having frequent access to appropriate adults who are nurturing

to the child and who do not engage in self-destructive behavior.

Knowledge of Hidden Rules--Knowing the unspoken cues and habits of a group.

Key Points (cont.)
african american affairs institute
African American Affairs Institute

Our Vision

We envision that African Americans

in South Carolina will realize

optimum quality of life.

Our MissionOur mission is to build infrastructure and create institutions within the African American community and influence existing systems aimed at overcoming the effects of deprivation, poverty and discrimination.

the cradle to prison pipeline campaign summit october 9 10 th 2009 columbia sc
The Cradle to Prison Pipeline ® Campaign Summit October 9 – 10th, 2009 Columbia, SC

It's Time To

Dismantle The Pipeline!

The Children’s Defense Fund’s Cradle

to Prison Pipeline® Campaign is a

national call toaction to stop the

funneling of tens of thousands of

youth, predominantly minorities, down

life paths that often lead to arrest,

conviction, incarceration, and in some

cases, death. Race and poverty are

the major factors underpinning the

Pipeline. The problems, policies and

systems that feed the pipeline are a

result of human choices.

video
Video

People Like Us:

Social Class in America

http://www.pbs/peoplelikeus