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China’s One-Child Policy. Sarah LeGare Christina Rhein Jillian Quarne. Reasons for Endorsement. Population control Regulation of resources Industry Agriculture Science & technology Defense. Billboard promoting the One-Child Policy. The Policy: Rules and Guidelines.

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china s one child policy

China’s One-Child Policy

Sarah LeGare

Christina Rhein

Jillian Quarne

reasons for endorsement
Reasons for Endorsement
  • Population control
  • Regulation of resources
    • Industry
    • Agriculture
    • Science & technology
    • Defense

Billboard promoting the

One-Child Policy

the policy rules and guidelines
The Policy: Rules and Guidelines
  • Signing the agreement
  • Special circumstances
    • Birth defects
    • Marriage circumstances
    • Rural vs. Urban
    • Gender of the first born
the policy benefits motivations
The Policy: Benefits/Motivations
  • Economic: wage supplements
  • Housing: preference, living space
  • Medical care: free until 14 years
  • Education: priority, free
  • Old age benefits: supplementary pension, standard of living
  • Maternity leave allowance: 54 days with full work pay, nutrition subsidy
  • Sterilization rewards after first child
the policy consequences
The Policy: Consequences
  • Gender imbalance
  • Gender inequality
  • Human reproductive rights
  • Mother’s health
    • Forced abortion
    • Involuntary sterilization
  • Carrying family lineage
  • Psychology of children
violation of the policy
Violation of the Policy
  • Economic losses
  • Reduction in grain rations
  • Limitation on land and agriculture resources
  • Ineligibility of promotion for 4 years
  • Reduction in wages
  • Medical care and education costs
  • Medical care and education priority
alternatives
Alternatives
  • Later-Longer-Fewer Policy
    • Later marriage, longer spacing between subsequent births, fewer children
  • The Two Child Policy
  • Free contraception
political ethical views
Political & Ethical Views
  • Western culture views on the policy
    • U.S. stops funding
  • Compare and contrast benefits of U.S. vs. China
  • Only-child treatment and care
effects on women
Effects on Women
  • Militia force if women do not show up on time for abortion/sterilization
  • High suicide rates
  • Abuse/murder if women is suspected to carry a girl
  • Cultural belief: women thought to determine sex of the baby

Women in China riot

over one-child policy.

the big question
The Big Question
  • After hearing some pros and cons of the policy, do you think it should continue to be enforced in China? Why? Why not?