MEN IN CHINA LOOKING TO GET MARRIED ARE VERY LUCKY BECAUSE THERE ARE A LOT MORE WOMEN, SO THEY HAVE A GOOD CHANCE OF FINDING THE WOMAN OF THEIR DREAMS.
MANY MODERN COUNTRIES GAINED THEIR INDEPENDENCE THROUGH REVOLUTION. CHINA’S REVOLUTION TOOK PLACE IN THE MID 1800S.
THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA WAS BUILT TO KEEP UNHAPPY PEASANTS FROM LEAVING CHINA, WHICH WOULD HAVE RESULTED IN A LABOR SHORTAGE AND HUGE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS. IN OTHER WORDS, THE WALL WAS BUILT TO KEEP PEOPLE IN, NOT OUT, JUST LIKE THE BERLIN WALL.
workers peasants bourgeoisie LEADERSHIP OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY Patriotic capitalists • stars are evenly spread and all point back to the larger star
FATCS & FIGURES • CONTINENT? - Asia • POPULATION? - 1,330,044,605 • GOV’T? – Communist (capital is Beijing) • RELIGIONS? – Taoist, Buddhist, Christian, Muslim (officially atheist) • HOW OLD? – Oldest civilization in the world
GEOGRAPHY WEST EAST Borders the Pacific Ocean Fertile river valleys and plains Good place for life to flourish, unlike the west • Rugged, forbidding terrain • Himalayas close the SW part of the country
MOUNTAINS Mts. Cover 1/3 of the country, mostly in the west
RIVERS 3 main rivers drain the eastern basin: • Huang He (Yellow River) • Chang Jiang (Yangtze) • Xi Jiang
CLIMATE • Very diverse climate ranging from tropical in the south to subarctic in the north • Melting snow and monsoon seasons provide fertile farming areas
CHINESE NEW YEAR • Calendar dates back many centuries and is based on the moon and the sun • Calendar is cyclical (12 cycles, complete cycles are 60 years made of shorter cycles of 12 years) • Year can be named 3 ways: • Animal (rat, dragon, monkey…) • Traditional name (Wu Zi) • Number (2008 = 4705)
ANIMALS OF THE CALENDAR • RAT, OX, TIGER, RABBIT, DRAGON, SNAKE, HORSE, GOAT, MONKEY, ROOSTER, DOG, BOAR 2011 is the year of the RABBIT
Write 3-5 sentences that describe you. Consider personality traits, health, morals, likes/dislikes, attitude about health, family and friends…
List 2-3 celebrities you would like to behttp://www.chineseastrology.com/wu/celebrity.htmlhttp://tarot.com/chinese-astrology/gallery_Celebrity-Chinese-New-Year
DYNASTIES G.O. ZHOU How? – When? – Son of Heaven –
ZHOU cont. Agricultural System – Technological Advances
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF LIFE? HOW DID WE GET HERE AND WHY ARE WE HERE? WHAT IS HAPPINESS? WHAT IS THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT? WHAT MORALS/VALUES SHOULD WE LIVE BY?
CHINESE PHILOSOPHIES • During the late Zhou period scholars sought solutions to problems: • Political breakdown • Social disorders • Efforts led to new philosophies that focused on • life in this world • how this life should be lived (not great emphasis on the afterlife)
CONFUCIANISM KONGUZI (Confucius) • Born in 551 B.C. • Taught that “social harmony” and “good gov’t” would return to China if people lived according to ethics – good conduct and moral judgment • Golden rule “Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you”
CONFUCIANISM cont. 5 RELATIONSHIPS • Confucius stressed the importance of moral behavior in 5 basic relationships
5 RELATIONSHIPS 1 RULER & SUBJECT
5 RELATIONSHIPS 2 Parent & Child
5 RELATIONSHIPS 3 Husband & Wife
5 RELATIONSHIPS 4 Old & Young
5 RELATIONSHIPS 5 Friend & Friend
CONFUCIANISM cont. • He cared most about family relationships and a child’s respect for parents (filial piety) • Died in 479 B.C. • Analects – teachings were written down into this book • Greatly influenced Chinese society/politics until early 1900s
DAOISM LAOZI • Lived in the 500s b.c. • Stressed living in harmony with nature • Followers believed people should give up worldly ambitions and turn to nature and the dao
DAOISM cont. • Dao – universal force that guides all the things • Focus on nature greatly emphasized Chinese art
DAOISM cont. Yin and Yang • two opposing forces present in all nature (everything has both) • Yin – cool, dark, female • Yang – warm, light, male
BUDDHISM • Entered China during the end of the Han dynasty • Emphasis on personal salvation and nirvana was appealing • Widely accepted by the 400s A.D.
SOCIETY & CULTURE • During the Han Dynasty the ideas of Confucius influenced all aspects of personal and social life • The family became most important aspect of Chinese society
FAMILY • Every member knew their place and role • Hierarchy – organization based on separate levels of importance
FAMILY ORGANIZATION OLDEST MALE (father) Oldest Son Mother Oldest daughter
FAMILY RULES • Very strict rules governed the family • Nobody wanted to bring shame on the family name • Expected to pay respect to dead ancestors (ancestor worship)
IMPERIALISM IN ASIA • Imperialism – policy of building an empire • During the 1800s many European countries wanted control of Asian territory for trade