Too much time wasted in meetings why
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 34

Too much time wasted in meetings. Why? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 65 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Too much time wasted in meetings. Why?. A Microsoft Division Case Study. Phillip Endicott, Simona Lazar, Tristan Ford IMT 580, iSchool, Winter 2006. Introduction. “Know Thy Time.” (Peter Drucker)

Download Presentation

Too much time wasted in meetings. Why?

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Too much time wasted in meetings why

Too much time wasted in meetings. Why?

A Microsoft Division Case Study

Phillip Endicott, Simona Lazar, Tristan Ford

IMT 580, iSchool, Winter 2006


Introduction

Introduction

  • “Know Thy Time.” (Peter Drucker)

  • In previous research, Software Engineers complained they never have time for what they want to accomplish.

  • Top ranking reason? Too much time spent in meetings.


Oh those meetings

Oh, those meetings…


Stats and surveys

Stats and Surveys

  • “Meetings rank among the most inefficient exercises American perform.” (Seattle PI)

  • Typical weekly staff meeting: 50 minutes (16 could be saved if inefficiencies are eliminated)

  • Lack of output:

    • 59% of surveyed people don't take minutes in meetings

    • 56% said action items are never/rarely documented

    • 68% said input from discussions is used only sometimes/rarely when implementing action items

Source: PI article: http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/1315AP_Watercooler.html


Case study overview of ms division

Case Study: Overview of MS division

  • Sudden awareness of big problem! Too much time spent in meetings

  • Most affected: Lower-level managers

    • Number of meetings per week = 12-14

    • Hours spent in meetings per week = 20-24

  • Meetings are the ONLY effective tool available for:

    • downward communication AND

    • lateral communication (between feature teams)

  • BUT meetings take time from production =>

    low productivity


Meetings still a necessary evil

Meetings: Still a Necessary Evil

  • Meetings ARE unproductive sometimes.

  • However… decision-making discussions often demand face-to-face interaction

  • Solutions?

    • NOT: cut meeting time

    • NOT: have more meetings

    • HOT: make meetings more effective. How?


Framework meeting traps

1. Lack of an Agenda

2. Inadequate Reporting

3. Poor Planning

Leadership

Capabilities

Focus

1. Lack of knowledge in conducting meetings

2. Meetings held without key people in attendance

3. Participants come unprepared

1. Disruptive behavior

2. Delayed decision-making

3. Lack of clear objectives

Framework: Meeting Traps

Adapted from Steven R Rayner, “Team Traps: What They Are, How To Avoid Them”. National Productivity Review (1986-1998). New York: Summer 1996. Vol. 15, Iss. 3; p. 101.


Leadership

Leadership

Charismatic, yes. Leader, no!


Leadership1

Leadership

  • Problems at MS division

    • Lack of an Agenda

    • Inadequate Reporting

    • Poor Planning

  • Possible Solutions

    • Plan, plan, plan!

    • Create and Use an Agenda

    • Assign Roles


Leadership plan plan plan

Leadership: Plan, plan, plan!

  • Questions to Ask When Planning a Meeting

    • Is another medium of communication more suitable?

    • Is there a planned agenda?

    • Is there actually a need to meet?

Zyry, Patrice. “Effective meetings – to meet or not to meet: That is the question.” Nephrology Nursing Journal. 27.1 (2000): 76.


Leadership using agendas

Leadership: Using Agendas

  • Why Use an Agenda?

    • Agendas help determine if a meeting is truly necessary

    • Agendas ensure progress

    • Agendas are the pathway to meeting team objectives

Hagerty, Patricia J. “Effective Meetings.” Journal of Reading. 33.5 (1990): 384.


Leadership creating an agenda

Leadership: Creating an Agenda

  • The ‘To Do’ List When Creating An Agenda

    • Decide on the purpose and outcomes of the meeting.

    • Decide who needs to attend.

    • Decide where to hold the meeting.

    • Decide which roles will be filled and who will fill them before the meeting.


Leadership assigning roles

Leadership: Assigning Roles

  • The 3 Key Roles and Responsibilities

    • The Moderator (or chairperson)

      • Directs and ‘controls’ the meeting

    • The Recorder

      • Documents and publishes decisions, commitments, and action plans

    • The Participants

      • Responsible for participating, not just attending

Jessup, Harlan. “A quantum formula for improving meetings.” The Journal for Quality and Participation. 17.3 (1994): 80-82.


Capabilities

Capabilities


Capabilities overview

Capabilities: Overview

  • Problems at MS division

    • Lack of knowledge in conducting meetings

    • Meetings held without key people in attendance

    • Participants come unprepared

  • Possible Solutions

    • Provide training on how to conduct meetings

    • Right mix of composition and information

    • Provide motivation in meetings


Capabilities composition

Capabilities: Composition

  • Composition/Data and Information

    • Employee knowledge of meeting topic

    • Employee skills

    • Relevant information and research data


Capabilities training

Capabilities: Training

  • Training/Tacit Skill

    • Cross-training for core competencies

    • Motivation

    • Organization

    • Interpersonal relations


Capabilities motivation

Capabilities: Motivation

  • Motivation in meetings

    • Seen as useful

    • Organized

    • Participation

    • Appropriate for project

    • Results


Capabilities culture

Capabilities: Culture

  • Organizational Culture at MS

    • Philosophy

    • Structure

    • Systems

    • Policies

    • Employee Skills


Focus

Focus


Focus overview

Focus: Overview

  • Problems at MS division

    • Disruptive behavior

    • Delayed decision making

    • Lack of clear objectives

  • Possible Solutions

    • Have the “experts” of the subject in the meeting

    • Assign clear ownership

    • Have people commit


Focus meeting disrupters

Focus: Meeting Disrupters

  • Disruptive behavior

Source: Managing Meeting Disrupters. Osburn, Denise.  ManageDayton:May 1991.  Vol. 42,  Iss. 4,  p. 8 (3 pp.)


Focus meeting disrupters case study

Focus: Meeting Disrupters: Case study

  • Non-stop talkers want to impress

  • Outspoken people derail the meeting

  • Shy people never get to talk

  • Intergroup competition is fierce

Source:


Focus delayed decision making

Focus: Delayed Decision-Making

  • First Law of Meetings(Lovelace, Herbert)

    • T=k *P2 , where T = time; P = number of people in the meeting; and k is a constant that varies with the company culture

    • 10-minute conversation between 2 people takes 1-1/2 hours with 6 people in the meeting

  • Second Law of Meetings

    • All important decision-making occurs no later than two-thirds into the meeting.


Focus delayed decision making1

Focus: Delayed Decision-Making

  • Decisions are delayed

  • Decisions are not relevant to topic

  • 3M Meeting Management Institute study shows that people sometimes leave meetings unclear about:

    • decisions reached

    • actions to be taken

Source:Group Decision Making. Johnson, Virginia. Successful MeetingsNew York: Jun 1991.  Vol. 40,  Iss. 7,  p. 76.


Focus delayed decision making2

Focus: Delayed Decision-Making

  • Same study shows that group bases decision-making in meetings on:

    • The "expert" rule (most often): people who have the most knowledge about an issue

    • Commitment: decision based on the views of people who showed greatest care for or investment in proposal


Focus decision making case study

Focus: Decision-Making: Case Study

  • The "expert" rule: people who have the most knowledge about a meeting issue/topic or who “own” the issue are not always present in the meeting

  • Ownership of the issue is not always clear

  • Commitment: people are committed to their work, but lose interest in meetings


Focus lack of clear objectives

Focus: Lack of Clear Objectives


Analysis and recommendations

Analysis and Recommendations

  • Transfer of information

    • Problem Solving Meetings

    • Quality Meetings

    • Transitional Meetings

    • Motivational Meetings

    • Status Meetings

  • Face-to-face meetings

    • Forum for technical explanations

    • Dialogue

    • Human interaction

    • Creative sandbox


Analysis and recommendations1

Analysis and Recommendations

Meeting Traits at Microsoft Division

  • Pressure from unfinished work

  • Lack of goals

  • Boredom

  • Burnout

  • Lack of enthusiasm/motivation

  • Failure to reach decisions

  • Dominance by one or two people

  • Conflict

  • Lack of constructive disagreement


Analysis and recommendations2

Analysis and Recommendations

  • Leadership: Planning, agenda, assigned roles

  • Capability: People to come better prepared

  • Capability: Competent people to discuss agenda

  • Focus: Clear objectives

  • Focus: Revamp the design/requirements process:

    • make it clear; structure it

    • eliminate ambiguity: use modeling tools

  • Leadership: Formal reporting back to team

  • ALSO: Benchmarking

    • knowledge repository for meeting output

    • better feature integration tools and processes


Analysis and recommendations3

Analysis and Recommendations

Recap: Effective Face-to-Face Meetings

  • Goal/Outcomes/Agenda

    • Moderator

    • Recorder

    • Participants

  • Define Meeting Type: problem solving, info sharing, data gathering, decision-making.

  • Define discussion, decisions, and action items


  • Discussion

    Discussion:

    We’ve got 5 minutes… lets here those deep thoughts!

    • Some things to think about:

      • What solutions do you think will have the most influence?

      • Can ‘fixes’ like using formal agendas and having clear objectives counter-act a culture where unproductive meetings are the norm?

      • Our team limited the scope of our analysis to meetings of a MS division. In reality this is a much bigger problem of which unproductive meetings are but a symptom. From the information you’ve been provided let’s extrapolate about the high-level communication issues that may exist?


    References

    References

    Bodwell, Donald J. “High Performance Team Essential Elements” http://rampagesonramp.net/~bodwell/hpt_eelm.htm (1996, 1999):.

    Decker, Philip, J. “Characteristics of an Effective Team.” (PowerPoint Presentation) http://www.cl.uh.edu/bpa/hadm/HADM_5731/ppt_presentations/29teams/sld006.htm (1996):.

    Hagerty, Patricia J. “Effective Meetings.” Journal of Reading. 33.5 (1990): 384.

    Jessup, Harlan. “A quantum formula for improving meetings.” The Journal for Quality and Participation. 17.3 (1994): 80-82.

    Johnson, Virginia. “GroupDecision Making.” Successful Meetings40.7 (1991): 76.

    Lovelace, Herbert W. “No decision before its time.”Information Week607 (1996): 136. 

    Osburn, Denise. “ManagingMeeting Disrupters.”Manage.42.4 (1991): 8.

    Tobia, Peter M.,  Becker, Martin C.. “Making the Most of Meeting Time.”Training and Development Journal. 44.8 (1990): 34.

    Tuckman, B.W. “Developmental Sequence in Small Groups.” Psychological Bulletin. 63. (1965): 384-399.

    Zyry, Patrice. “Effective meetings – to meet or not to meet: That is the question.” Nephrology Nursing Journal. 27.1 (2000): 76.


  • Login