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Title: The Counter/Catholic-Reformation LO: What was the Council of Trent? What happened there?. What is the Counter-Reformation?. Long before Luther started the Reformation many Catholics had been calling for change in the Church.

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title the counter catholic reformation lo what was the council of trent what happened there
Title: The Counter/Catholic-ReformationLO: What was the Council of Trent?What happened there?
what is the counter reformation
What is the Counter-Reformation?
  • Long before Luther started the Reformation many Catholics had been calling for change in the Church.
  • Many also wanted spiritual reform to help bring people closer to God.
  • The Protestant reformation forced the Church to address these problems.
  • This is referred to as the ‘Counter-Reformation’.
slide4

Scotland: Calvinist

England: Anglicanism

Sweden/ Germany: Lutheran

Italy/France/Spain: RC

what was the council of trent
What was the council of Trent?
  • I’m excited to find out, as I’m sure each and every single one of you are.
  • Open your books up to p. 25 and answer questions 1-6 in your books!
  • Answers need to be in full sentences!!
what was the council of trent1
What was the Council of Trent?
  • Called by Paul III (r. 1534-1549) who realized the that a Catholic Reform was needed.
  • He called a ‘general council’ of the Church to clearly state Catholic Teachings, and renew the Church spiritually and practically.
  • Especially directed to those who had been challenged by the Protestant Reformers.
what was the council of trent2
What was the Council of Trent?
  • Takes its name from the city of Trent (Trentino) in Northern Italy.
  • Close to the German lands where many of the Protestants were.
  • Lasted 18 years, over 3 sessions: first period: 1545-1548 second period: 1551-1552 third period: 1562-1563
  • It was interrupted by politics, wars and plague.
trent decisions doctrine
Trent Decisions: Doctrine
  • Doctrine of transubstantiation is upheld. (Jesus is truly present in the Eucharist)
  • The Mass is a sacrifice. Presided over by a Priest.
  • The position of the Pope as the successor of St Peter and the Vicar of Christ was affirmed.
  • Human nature is not totally depraved.
  • Justification comes through faith, hope and charity (love) which includes good works.
  • Scripture and Tradition are an expression of God’s Revelation.
  • Traditional 7 Sacraments were upheld.
trent decisions church discipline
Trent Decisions: Church Discipline

System where one person controlled a number of parishes

Bishops held ‘titles’ to dioceses they never visited but received taxes from them.

  • A seminary for the education of priests was to be set up in each diocese.
  • Decrees were passed against pluralism and absenteeism by clergy and religious.
  • Indulgence selling was abolished.
after trent
After Trent
  • A Roman Catechism was written to help priests educate the laity. (1566)
  • The Roman Missal (1570) set out a reformed and uniform order of the Mass throughout the Catholic world.
  • The infamous Inquisition was established.
the inquisition
The Inquisition
  • Had been first formed in the 13th century, for trying those accused of heresy. It had virtually fallen into disuse.
  • In 1542 it was revived to suppress heresy, particularly in Italy and Spain.
  • Torture was often used to extract confessions and those condemned of heresy were often handed over to the State to be burned.
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