Title the counter catholic reformation lo what was the council of trent what happened there
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Title: The Counter/Catholic-Reformation LO: What was the Council of Trent? What happened there?. What is the Counter-Reformation?. Long before Luther started the Reformation many Catholics had been calling for change in the Church.

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Title: The Counter/Catholic-Reformation LO: What was the Council of Trent? What happened there?

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Title the counter catholic reformation lo what was the council of trent what happened there

Title: The Counter/Catholic-ReformationLO: What was the Council of Trent?What happened there?


What is the counter reformation

What is the Counter-Reformation?

  • Long before Luther started the Reformation many Catholics had been calling for change in the Church.

  • Many also wanted spiritual reform to help bring people closer to God.

  • The Protestant reformation forced the Church to address these problems.

  • This is referred to as the ‘Counter-Reformation’.


The council of trent

The Council of Trent


Title the counter catholic reformation lo what was the council of trent what happened there

Scotland: Calvinist

England: Anglicanism

Sweden/ Germany: Lutheran

Italy/France/Spain: RC


What was the council of trent

What was the council of Trent?

  • I’m excited to find out, as I’m sure each and every single one of you are.

  • Open your books up to p. 25 and answer questions 1-6 in your books!

  • Answers need to be in full sentences!!


What was the council of trent1

What was the Council of Trent?

  • Called by Paul III (r. 1534-1549) who realized the that a Catholic Reform was needed.

  • He called a ‘general council’ of the Church to clearly state Catholic Teachings, and renew the Church spiritually and practically.

  • Especially directed to those who had been challenged by the Protestant Reformers.


What was the council of trent2

What was the Council of Trent?

  • Takes its name from the city of Trent (Trentino) in Northern Italy.

  • Close to the German lands where many of the Protestants were.

  • Lasted 18 years, over 3 sessions: first period: 1545-1548 second period: 1551-1552 third period: 1562-1563

  • It was interrupted by politics, wars and plague.


Trent decisions doctrine

Trent Decisions: Doctrine

  • Doctrine of transubstantiation is upheld. (Jesus is truly present in the Eucharist)

  • The Mass is a sacrifice. Presided over by a Priest.

  • The position of the Pope as the successor of St Peter and the Vicar of Christ was affirmed.

  • Human nature is not totally depraved.

  • Justification comes through faith, hope and charity (love) which includes good works.

  • Scripture and Tradition are an expression of God’s Revelation.

  • Traditional 7 Sacraments were upheld.


Trent decisions church discipline

Trent Decisions: Church Discipline

System where one person controlled a number of parishes

Bishops held ‘titles’ to dioceses they never visited but received taxes from them.

  • A seminary for the education of priests was to be set up in each diocese.

  • Decrees were passed against pluralism and absenteeism by clergy and religious.

  • Indulgence selling was abolished.


After trent

After Trent

  • A Roman Catechism was written to help priests educate the laity. (1566)

  • The Roman Missal (1570) set out a reformed and uniform order of the Mass throughout the Catholic world.

  • The infamous Inquisition was established.


The inquisition

The Inquisition

  • Had been first formed in the 13th century, for trying those accused of heresy. It had virtually fallen into disuse.

  • In 1542 it was revived to suppress heresy, particularly in Italy and Spain.

  • Torture was often used to extract confessions and those condemned of heresy were often handed over to the State to be burned.


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