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Depression. What is Depression?. Depression is an illness that affects your thoughts, feelings, behavior and overall health. You feel sad or down for long periods of time It can even have physical affects on your body. What it is like to be depressed.

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Depression

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Depression l.jpg

Depression


What is depression l.jpg

What is Depression?

  • Depression is an illness that affects your thoughts, feelings, behavior and overall health.

  • You feel sad or down for long periods of time

  • It can even have physical affects on your body


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What it is like to be depressed

  • “A depressed person can feel hopeless, helpless and worst of all alone” (Ayer, 1997)

  • People suffering from depression always feel they’ve done something wrong when things go bad

  • Many times people with depression become irritable and upset at small things


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Who Gets Depressed

  • Mental health professionals used to believe that depression was an adult’s disorder.

  • In fact depression can affect anyone from infants to teens to adults.


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Hopelessness

Increased irritability, anger, or hostility

Low self esteem

Withdrawal

Loss of appetite or constant hunger

Alcohol or drug abuse

Self injury

Discussion or thoughts of suicide

Feelings of guilt

Inability to concentrate

Difficulty with relationships

Symptoms of depression


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Causes of Depression

  • There is not one single cause of depression, it is usually a combination of things.

  • Stress is however the leading cause of depression.

  • Other things such as genetics, traumatic events, low self esteem, stress and physical illness can contribute to depression.


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Depression Treatments

  • The most common treatments for depression are antidepressant prescriptions and therapy.

  • The most known prescription antidepressants are Paxil, Zoloft, and Prozac. There are however many different kinds of antidepressants.

  • The other most common type of treatment for depression is therapy. Different types of therapy include: psychotherapy, cognitive, interpersonal, family and behavioral therapy.


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10-25 percent of women and 5-12 percent of men will likely become depressed in their life

One of eight women will develop depression but only one in three women will seek care

15 percent of those with severe depression will commit suicide

70 percent of antidepressant prescriptions are given with misdiagnosis

Major depression occurs most often in the mid to late 20’s

Depression occurs most frequently in women 25-44 years of age.

(Statistics, 2003)

Depression Statistics


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Hispanic women have a 24 percent rate of depression, the highest among all women

Caucasian women have a 22 percent rate of depression

African American women have a 16 percent depression rate with half of that being severe

Cultural Statistics


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Depression Prevention

  • Try to find ways to avoid stressful situations

  • Don’t be too hard on yourself. Nobody is perfect

  • Try not to procrastinate

  • Don’t worry about all the little things

  • Communication is the key. Talk to people about your problems

  • Stay healthy with diet and exercise

  • Get out and have fun every once in a while

  • When you get stressed out try things like meditation, it can be very helpful

    (statistics, 2003)


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  • Depression is a disorder that affects many people in the United States today. If you or someone you know is suffering from depression get help from a professional. Here are some website that can be helpful:

  • Depression

    Depression Information and Support

    Teen Depression and Suicide

    Teen Depression: Prevention, Detection and Causes


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References

  • Ayer, E. (1997). Everything You Need To Know About Depression.

    New York: Rosen Publishing Group.

  • Monroe, J. (1997). Antidepressants. Springfield: Judy Monroe.

  • Portner, J. (2001). One In Thirteen: The Silent Epidemic of Teen

    Suicide. Beltsville: Robins Lane Press.

  • Statistics. (2003). Teen Depression and Suicide.

    <http://www.maav.org/sab/statistics.htm>

  • Depression. (2003).

    http://www.novanthealth.org/eap/daily_issues/daily_depression.jsp

  • Statistics. (2003).

    <http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~highfill/Statistics.html>

  • Teen Depression. (2003). Teen Depression: Symptoms, Detection

    and Diagnosis. <http://www.teen-depression.info/>


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