slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The French Revolution "Conservative" Phase: 1795-1799

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

The French Revolution "Conservative" Phase: 1795-1799 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 115 Views
  • Uploaded on

The French Revolution "Conservative" Phase: 1795-1799. By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY. The “Thermidorian Reaction”. Curtailed the power of the Committee for Public Safety. Closed the Jacobin Clubs. Churches were reopened.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' The French Revolution "Conservative" Phase: 1795-1799' - kaya


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

The French Revolution

"Conservative" Phase:

1795-1799

By: Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY

slide2

The “Thermidorian Reaction”

  • Curtailed the power of the Committee for Public Safety.
  • Closed the Jacobin Clubs.
  • Churches were reopened.
    • 1795  freedom of worship for all cults was granted.
  • Economic restrictions were lifted in favor of laissez-faire policies.
  • August, 1795  a new Constitution is written
    • more conservative republicanism.
slide3

Characteristics of the Directory

  • The Paris Commune was outlawed.
  • The Law of 22 Prairial was revoked.
  • People involved in the original Terror were now attacked “White” Terror
  • Inflation continues.
  • Rule by rich bourgeois liberals.
  • Self-indulgence  frivolous culture;salons return; wild fashions.
  • Political corruption.
  • Revival of Catholicism.
slide4

The Government Structure of the New Directory

  • 5-man executive committee or oligarchy [to avoid a dictatorship].
  • Tried to avoid the dangers of a one-house legislature.
    • Council of 500 initiates legislation.
    • Council of Elders [250 members]  married or widowed males over 40 years of age.
      • They accepted or rejected the legislation.
    • Both houses elected by electors who owned or rented property worth 100-200 days’ labor [limited to 30,000 voters].
    • The electors were elected by all males over 21 who were taxpayers.
slide5

Political Instability: 1795-1796

  • April, 1795  Inflation; bread riots.
  • May 20, 1795  Revolt of Prairial [Year III]
  • October, 1795 :
    • Vendée and Brittany revolted.
    • Military suppressed them.
  • May, 1796  First “communist” revolt
    • Gracchus Babeufand the Conspiracy of Equals”
slide6

18 Brumaire (Nov. 9, 1799)

  • Coup d’état by Napoleon.
  • Approved by a plebiscite in December.
  • Abbe Sieyès: Confidence from below; authority from above.
slide9

Bibliographic Resources

  • “Hist210—Europe in the Age of Revolutions.”http://www.ucl.ac.uk/history/courses/europe1/chron/rch5.htm
  • “Liberty, Fraternity, Equality: Exploring the French Revolution.”http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/
  • Matthews, Andrew. Revolution and Reaction: Europe, 1789-1849. CambridgeUniversity Press, 2001.
  • “The Napoleonic Guide.” http://www.napoleonguide.com/index.htm
ad