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ART IN 19TH CENTURY Clara Rodríguez Núñez ART IN 19TH CENTURY FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON: NEOCLASSICISM (David) LIBERALISM AND NATIONALISM: ROMANTICISM (Delacroix) WORKERS MOVEMENT: REALISM (Courbet) INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: NEW ARCHITECTURE (Eiffel)

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art in 19th century
ART IN 19TH CENTURY

Clara Rodríguez Núñez

slide2
ART IN 19TH CENTURY
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON: NEOCLASSICISM (David)
  • LIBERALISM AND NATIONALISM: ROMANTICISM (Delacroix)
  • WORKERS MOVEMENT: REALISM (Courbet)
  • INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: NEW ARCHITECTURE (Eiffel)
  • ART AFTER THE PHOTOGRAPHY: IMPRESSIONISM AND POSTIMPRESSIONISM (Monet) (Van Gogh/Cezanne/Gauguin
neoclassicism
NEOCLASSICISM
  • Subject matter: "history" paintings most important (especially subjects from Greek or Roman history or mythology) 
  • Themes: social, moral, ethical themesor classical or patriotic themes urban themes
  • Theory of art: didactic: art is to teach  
  • General style: clear, orderly, rational 
  • Composition: figures parallel to picture plane 
  • Space: clearly defined space: box-like or bas relief 
  • Figures: idealized, generalized, statue-like  
  • Color: somber, flat 
  • Application of paint: linear, careful application 
romanticism
ROMANTICISM
  • Subject matter: various subject matters; if "historical" subjects, the Bible was the source
  • Themes: sensuous themesor religious themes, interest in nature
  • Theory of art: art is to move, inspire
  • General style: dynamic, restless, emotional, moody
  • Composition: use of diagonal; dynamic
  • Space: vast, unlimited; ambiguous
  • Figures: expressive, individualistic
  • Color: vivid, intense 
  • Application of paint: painterly 
slide8
David\'s The Death of Socrates, 1787.
  • Delacroix\'s The Death of Sardanapalus,

1827

realism
REALISM
  • Subject matter: life as it is
  • Themes:ordinary places and people.
  • Theory of art:to report and describe reality as accurately and honestly as possible; to denounce the workers class situation.
  • Space: in the open air
  • Figures: realistic, individualistic
new architecture
NEW ARCHITECTURE
  • New materials
    • Iron
    • Concrete
  • Buildings:
    • Towers
    • Bridges
    • Warehouses
before impressionism
BEFORE IMPRESSIONISM
  • Subject matter:
    • portraits of rich or famous people.
    • religious themes.
    • historical themes
  • Style in paintings: realism.
  • Artists painted on commission
  • Lighting in portraits was mostly indoors.
  • Colors and shadows. There were lots of browns and yellows
after impressionism
AFTER IMPRESSIONISM
  • Subject matter:
    • everyday people doing everyday activities
    • landscapes
    • color
  • Style in paintings: Impressionism (their impression of the subject)
  • Artists painted for enjoyment
  • Lighting was mostly outdoors.
  • Small brushstrokes of color next to each other that were blended by the viewer\'s eye
before
Before:
  • · The Old Church at Nuenen is painted in dark mudding colors (as was standard for Gogh\'s Early Paintings) ·
  • The painting is a literal representation of the church, sky and surroundings. ·
  • The use of color is very minimal.
  • The dark church and light sky keep the eye focused on the building.
after
After:
  • · The Church at Auvers is painted in the bright colors of the impressionist and post impressionists ·
  • The free forming lines cause the subject (the church) to become wavy and appear to be bending or melting. ·
  • The vivid color schemes move the onlookers eyes around the painting.
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