Phoenicians
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Phoenicians. Ch. 3 Sec. 4. Origins. Phoenician society developed from the earlier Canaanites Canaanites were people who lived in parts of Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria Phoenician city-states emerge around 1150BC and the rulers were Priest-Kings. Farming and Manufacturing.

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Phoenicians

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Phoenicians

Phoenicians

Ch. 3 Sec. 4


Origins

Origins

  • Phoenician society developed from the earlier Canaanites

  • Canaanites were people who lived in parts of Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria

  • Phoenician city-states emerge around 1150BC and the rulers were Priest-Kings


Farming and manufacturing

Farming and Manufacturing

  • Phoenicians manufactured a number of goods

  • Weavers created cloth that they colored with a rare purple dye made from tiny snails

  • Skilled workers made pottery and glass and metal objects

  • They used trees to make furniture and other items


Phoenician traders

Phoenician Traders

  • They had few natural resources of their own, they traded with other cultures for resources and goods

  • Import: A good or service sold within a country that is produced in another country. Most Phoenician imports were raw materials: Gold, silver, tin, copper, iron, ivory and precious stones

  • Exports: A good or service produced within a country and sold outside the country’s borders. Phoenicians exported: Logs, wine, olive oil, salt, fish.


Phoenicians and the sea

Phoenicians and the Sea

  • Navigation: The art of steering a ship from place to place.

  • Phoenician sailors developed a thorough knowledge of wind patterns and ocean currents to be able to sail

  • Phoenician sailors are believed to be the first people to use the North star to help guide them


Colonies and city states

Colonies and City-States

  • Colony: An area ruled by a distant country

  • Phoenician sailors stopped in many harbors in the Mediterranean to refuel with supplies

  • These refueling stations soon became colonies

  • Carthage: A Phoenician colony developed into its own city-state and soon developed its own colonies.

  • Carthage grew strong from wealth and would eventually challenge the Roman Empire


Legacy of the phoenicians

Legacy of the Phoenicians

  • Culture Diffusion: the spreading of cultural traits from one region to another.

  • Phoenicians developed an alphabet.

  • The alphabet had 22 symbols, each standing for a consonant sound

  • People who traded with the Phoenicians learned this alphabet

  • 500BC Greeks added letters to represent vowels.

  • Around 100BC Romans adopt the Greek alphabet and change some letters and added some letters

  • The Roman alphabet is similar to ours today.


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