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Phoenicians. World History I Heritage High School Mr. Irwin. Objective:. To understand who the Phoenicians were and why they were significant. Who were the Phoenicians?. Lived in the area now know as Lebanon Group of city-states Never united into one country First city-states: Byblos

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Phoenicians

Phoenicians

World History I

Heritage High School

Mr. Irwin


Objective

Objective:

To understand who the Phoenicians were and why they were significant.


Who were the phoenicians
Who were the Phoenicians?

  • Lived in the area now know as Lebanon

  • Group of city-states

    • Never united into one country

    • First city-states:

      • Byblos

      • Tyre

      • Sidon

  • Very wealthy


Sea travel
Sea Travel

  • Traders

  • Sailed around Mediterranean Sea

  • Established colonies

  • Known shipbuilding

    • Made the best ships at the time

    • Some evidence shows that the Phoenicians might have sailed all the way around Africa and back

      • No one else will do for another 2,000 years


Colonies
Colonies

  • Had faraway settlements

  • Established colonies throughout the Mediterranean

    • Faraway cities used for trade

    • Most famous Phoenician colony was Carthage


Traders
Traders

  • Traded the goods they got from other lands, as well as items which they produced

  • Traded their items

    • Created crafts

    • Made out of wood, glass, ivory, and metal

  • Most famous item produced by Phoenicians was purple dye

    • Made from special type of snail that lived in the sea near Phoenicia

    • Very expensive and became known as the “royal” color


Purple dye
Purple Dye

  • Extremely expensive purple dye used in cloth/clothing

  • Only could be afforded and worn by kings – royal purple

  • Why?

    • 60,000 snails to make 1 pound of dye

    • One snail (left to rot) produced only one or two drops of deep purple liquid


Achievement
Achievement

  • Most important contribution of the Phoenicians was the first alphabet

    • 22 letters

    • Symbols to represent sounds

    • Adopted by Greeks and eventually – us!

    • Simplified writing


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