Phoenicians spread trade and civilization
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Phoenicians Spread Trade and Civilization. About 1100 B.C., after Crete’s decline, the most powerful traders along the Mediterranean were the Phoenicians. Phoenicia was mainly an area now known as Lebanon . Phoenicians never united into a country.

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The Mediterranean that sometimes competed with one another.Phoenicianswere remarkable shipbuilders and seafarers.



  • The first the Strait of Gibraltar.cities in Phoenicia, such as Byblos, Tyre (tyr), and Sidon (SYD•uhn), were important trading centers.


Some scholars believe that the Phoenicians traded for tin with the inhabitants of the Southern coast of Britain.



  • To ensure success with the inhabitants of the Southern coast of Britain., the Phoenicians would sacrifice their firstborn children and animals to please these deities.


  • The Greek historian Herodotus relates the feat. with the inhabitants of the Southern coast of Britain.

  • “the Phoenicians set out from the Red Sea and sailed the southern sea (the Indian Ocean); whenever Autumn came they would put in and sow the land, to whatever part of Libya (Africa) they might come, and there await the Harvest; then, having gathered in the crop, they sailed on, so that after two years had passed, it was in the third that they rounded the Pillars of Heracles (Strait of Gibraltar) and came to Egypt. There they said that in sailing around Libya they had the sun on their right hand.


Commercial outposts in the mediterranean

Commercial Outposts in the Mediterranean with the inhabitants of the Southern coast of Britain.


  • Most important Phoenician city-states were with the inhabitants of the Southern coast of Britain.Sidon and Tyre, both known for their production of Purple dye; Berytus (now Beirut, in Lebanon); and Babylos, a trading center for Papyrus.



  • The their word for book, Phoeniciansbuilt colonies along the northern coast of Africa and the coasts of Sicily, Sardinia, and Spain. The colonies were strung out like beads of a chain, 30 miles apart from one another. This was about how far their ships could travel in a day.


  • The their word for book, greatest Phoenician city was Carthage, in North Africa. Settlers from Tyre founded Carthage in 725 B.C.



  • The purple dye that they were famous for, came from the wine, weapons, precious metals, ivory, and slaves. They also were known as superb craftsmen who worked in wood, metal, glass, and ivory.murex, a type of snail that lived in the waters off Sidon and Tyre. One snail, when left to rot, produced just a drop or two of a liquid of a deep purple color.



Phoenicia s great legacy the alphabet

As merchants, the Phoenicians needed a way of recording transactions clearly and quickly.

So, the Phoenicians developed a writing system that used symbols to represent sounds.

Phoenicia’s Great Legacy: the Alphabet


  • The transactions clearly and quickly.Phoenician writing systemwas phonetic – that is one sign was used for one sound. In fact, the word alphabet comes directly from the first two letters of the Phoenician alphabet: aleph and beth








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