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Early Modern Art - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Early Modern Art. Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. Themes in Early Modern Art. Uncertainty/insecurity. Disillusionment. The subconscious. Overt sexuality. Violence & savagery. Edvard Munch: The Scream (1893). Expressionism.

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Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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Themes in Early Modern Art

  • Uncertainty/insecurity.

  • Disillusionment.

  • The subconscious.

  • Overt sexuality.

  • Violence & savagery.

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Edvard Munch: The Scream (1893)


  • Using bright colors to express a particular emotion.

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Franz Marc: Animal Destinies (1913)

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Wassily Kandinsky: On White II (1923)

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Gustav Klimt: Judith I (1901)


  • Disrupt the conservative values of Viennese society.

  • Obsessed with the self.

  • Man is a sexual being, leaning toward despair.

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Gustav Klimt:

Wrogie sily (1901)

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Gustav Klimt: The Kiss (1907-8)

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Gustav Klimt: Danae (1907-8)

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Henri Matisse:



  • The use of intense colors in a violent, and uncontrolled way.

  • “Wild Beast.”

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Henri Matisse:

Open Window(1905)

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Georges Braque: Violin & Candlestick (1910)


  • The subject matter is broken down, analyzed, and reassembled in abstract form.

  • Cezanne  The artist should treat nature in terms of the cylinder, the sphere, and the cone.

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Georges Braque:

Woman with a Guitar(1913)

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Georges Braque: Still Life: LeJeur (1929)

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Pablo Picasso: Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907)

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Picasso: Studio with Plaster Head (1925)

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Pablo Picasso:

Woman with aFlower(1932)

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Paul Klee: Red & White Domes (1914)

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Paul Klee: Senecio (1922)

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George Grosz

Grey Day(1921)


  • Ridiculed contemporary culture & traditional art forms.

  • The collapse during WW I of social and moral values.

  • Nihilistic.

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George Grosz:

Daum Marries Her Pedantic AutomatonGeorge in May, 1920, John Heartfield is Very Glad of II(1919-1920)

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George Grosz

The Pillarsof Society(1926)

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Raoul Hausmann: ABCD (1924-25)

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Marcel Duchamp: Fountain (1917)

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Marcel Duchamp:

Nude Descending a Staircase(1912)

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Salvador Dali: Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War), 1936


  • Late 1920s-1940s.

  • Came from the nihilistic genre of DaDa.

  • Influenced by Feud’s theories on psychoanalysis and the subconscious.

  • Confusing & startling images like those in dreams.

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Salvador Dali: The Persistence of Memory (1931)

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Salvador Dali: The Apparition of the Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach (1938)

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Salvador Dali: Geopoliticus Child Watching the Birth of a New Man (1943)

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Walter Gropius: Bauhaus Building (1928)


  • A utopian quality.

  • Based on the idealsof simplified formsand unadornedfunctionalism.

  • The belief that the machine economy could deliver elegantly designed items for the masses.

  • Used techniques & materials employed especially in industrial fabrication & manufacture  steel, concrete, chrome, glass.