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Modern Art From 1900 to World War II Manet & Realism Impressionism Post Impressionism (Colorists) (Formalists) Van Gogh & Matisse Cezanne Fauvism Cubism Abstract Expressionism Futurism Abstract geometric painting Fantasy, Dada, Surrealism Cubism

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modern art

Modern Art

From 1900 to World War II

slide2

Manet & Realism

Impressionism

Post Impressionism

(Colorists)

(Formalists)

Van Gogh & Matisse

Cezanne

Fauvism

Cubism

Abstract Expressionism

Futurism

Abstract geometric painting

Fantasy, Dada, Surrealism

cubism
Cubism

“’Cubism is no different from any other school of painting. The same principles and the same elements are common to all. The fact that for a long time Cubism has not been understood…means nothing. I do not read English, [but] this does not mean that the English language does not exist….’”

Pablo Picasso

-- quoted by Guillaume Apollinaire in The Beginnings of Cubism, 1912.

cubism definition
Cubism: definition

“The art of painting original arrangements composed of elements taken from conceived rather than perceived reality.”

-- Guillaume Apollinaire, The Beginnings of Cubism, 1912.

cubism5
Cubism
  • Breaking up of nature into geometric figures and planes
  • leading artists: Pablo Picasso & Georges Braque
slide6

Les Demoiselles

d’Avignon

1907

by

Pablo Picasso

slide7

Violin & Palette

1909-10

by

Georges Braque

slide8

Bottle of Suze

1912-13

by

Pablo Picasso

slide9

Guitar

by

Juan Gris

slide11

Girl before Mirror

by

Pablo Picasso

futurism
Futurism
  • Outgrowth of Cubism
  • Sought to capture motion & the “beauty of speed”
  • Revolutionary
  • Championed by poet Filippo Marinetti in “The Futurist Manifesto”
expressionism
Expressionism
  • Grew out of German movement, Die Brucke (The Bridge)
  • The Bridge: founded in 1905 to “bridge” to the art of the future
  • Emphasis on expressing inner feelings
  • Wassily Kandinsky: credited with painting 1st “abstract” painting, 1910
suprematism
Suprematism
  • Founded by Kasimir Malevich, c. 1913
  • Geometric abstract art
  • extreme reduction
  • non-objective
  • “supremacy of pure feeling”
suprematism17
Suprematism

Black Circle

1913

by

Kasimir Malevich

suprematism18
Suprematism

Suprematist Painting:

Aeroplane Flying

1915

by

Kasimir Malevich

kasimir malevich
Kasimir Malevich

Self-Portrait

1933

by

Kasimir Malevich

slide20

…toward abstraction...

by

Piet Mondrian

slide21

by

Piet Mondrian

slide22

by

Piet Mondrian

slide25

Composition I

by

Piet Mondrian

slide26
Dada
  • Western Europe: artistic, literary movement from 1916-1923
  • Protest against horrors of war
  • An “anti-art” movement
  • Dada means “hobby horse”
surrealism
Surrealism
  • 20th century literary, artistic movement
  • Expresses subconscious with fantastic imagery & strange juxtapositions
  • Drew heavily on Freudian theory
surrealism28
Surrealism

“According to the major spokesman of the movement, the poet and critic Andre Breton, who published ‘The Surrealist Manifesto’ in 1924, Surrealism was a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so completely tat the world of dream and fantasy would be joined to the everyday rational world in ‘an absolute reality, a surreality.’”

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/glo/surrealism/

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