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Modern Art From 1900 to World War II Manet & Realism Impressionism Post Impressionism (Colorists) (Formalists) Van Gogh & Matisse Cezanne Fauvism Cubism Abstract Expressionism Futurism Abstract geometric painting Fantasy, Dada, Surrealism Cubism

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Modern Art

From 1900 to World War II


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Manet & Realism

Impressionism

Post Impressionism

(Colorists)

(Formalists)

Van Gogh & Matisse

Cezanne

Fauvism

Cubism

Abstract Expressionism

Futurism

Abstract geometric painting

Fantasy, Dada, Surrealism


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Cubism

“’Cubism is no different from any other school of painting. The same principles and the same elements are common to all. The fact that for a long time Cubism has not been understood…means nothing. I do not read English, [but] this does not mean that the English language does not exist….’”

Pablo Picasso

-- quoted by Guillaume Apollinaire in The Beginnings of Cubism, 1912.


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Cubism: definition

“The art of painting original arrangements composed of elements taken from conceived rather than perceived reality.”

-- Guillaume Apollinaire, The Beginnings of Cubism, 1912.


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Cubism

  • Breaking up of nature into geometric figures and planes

  • leading artists: Pablo Picasso & Georges Braque


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Les Demoiselles

d’Avignon

1907

by

Pablo Picasso


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Violin & Palette

1909-10

by

Georges Braque


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Bottle of Suze

1912-13

by

Pablo Picasso


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Guitar

by

Juan Gris


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Guernica by Pablo Picasso, 1937 o/c


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Girl before Mirror

by

Pablo Picasso


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Futurism

  • Outgrowth of Cubism

  • Sought to capture motion & the “beauty of speed”

  • Revolutionary

  • Championed by poet Filippo Marinetti in “The Futurist Manifesto”


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Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, 1912

by Giacomo Balla


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Unique Forms of Continuity in Space

1913

by

Umberto Boccioni


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Expressionism

  • Grew out of German movement, Die Brucke (The Bridge)

  • The Bridge: founded in 1905 to “bridge” to the art of the future

  • Emphasis on expressing inner feelings

  • Wassily Kandinsky: credited with painting 1st “abstract” painting, 1910


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Suprematism

  • Founded by Kasimir Malevich, c. 1913

  • Geometric abstract art

  • extreme reduction

  • non-objective

  • “supremacy of pure feeling”


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Suprematism

Black Circle

1913

by

Kasimir Malevich


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Suprematism

Suprematist Painting:

Aeroplane Flying

1915

by

Kasimir Malevich


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Kasimir Malevich

Self-Portrait

1933

by

Kasimir Malevich


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…toward abstraction...

by

Piet Mondrian


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by

Piet Mondrian


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by

Piet Mondrian



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Broadway Boogie Woogie by Piet Mondrian


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Composition I

by

Piet Mondrian


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Dada

  • Western Europe: artistic, literary movement from 1916-1923

  • Protest against horrors of war

  • An “anti-art” movement

  • Dada means “hobby horse”


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Surrealism

  • 20th century literary, artistic movement

  • Expresses subconscious with fantastic imagery & strange juxtapositions

  • Drew heavily on Freudian theory


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Surrealism

“According to the major spokesman of the movement, the poet and critic Andre Breton, who published ‘The Surrealist Manifesto’ in 1924, Surrealism was a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so completely tat the world of dream and fantasy would be joined to the everyday rational world in ‘an absolute reality, a surreality.’”

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/glo/surrealism/


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