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What is Archaeology?. Photo from my work at Mammoth Cave National Park. Archaeologists DO NOT:. Study dinosaurs. Just look for pretty or valuable objects. Just pick up artifacts. Spend all their time just digging. Buy, sell, or put a price on artifacts. So what is archaeology?.

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What is archaeology l.jpg
What is Archaeology?

Photo from my work at

Mammoth Cave National Park.


Archaeologists do not l.jpg
Archaeologists DO NOT:

  • Study dinosaurs.

  • Just look for pretty or valuable objects.

  • Just pick up artifacts.

  • Spend all their time just digging.

  • Buy, sell, or put a price on artifacts.


So what is archaeology l.jpg
So what is archaeology?

The systematic, scientific recovery and analysis of artifacts in order to answer questions about past human culture and behavior.

Photos from my work at Mammoth Cave National Park.


Systematic a consistent way of studying anything l.jpg
Systematic:A consistent way of studying anything.


Science methods and knowledge of studying anything l.jpg
Science:Methods and knowledge of studying anything.


Recovery analysis to collect and study artifacts l.jpg
Recovery / Analysis:To collect and study artifacts.


Artifact any item resulting from human activity l.jpg
Artifact: Any item resulting from human activity.


Question based archaeologists study artifacts in order to answer questions about how humans lived l.jpg
Question-based: Archaeologists study artifacts in order to answer questions about how humans lived.

Did they have religion?

Did they have disease or sickness?

What tools did they use?

What did they eat?

When did they live?

Did they hunt or farm?

Did they have laws?

Where did they live?

Who took care of the children?

Did they have writing?

Did they have art?

How large was the group?


Past archaeologists study human cultures that are no longer living l.jpg
Past: Archaeologists study human cultures that are no longer living.



Culture any learned behavior that is shared with others l.jpg
Culture: to 4.5 million years.Any learned behavior that is shared with others.


So what is archaeology12 l.jpg
So what is Archaeology? to 4.5 million years.

  • More simply it is the study of artifacts left behind to learn about people from the past.

    OR

    People

    and their

    Garbage


Types of archaeology l.jpg

Prehistoric Archaeology to 4.5 million years.

Before writing.

Historical Archaeology

Document/writing assisted

Classical Archaeology

Greek and Roman

Biblical Archaeology

Underwater Archaeology

Shipwrecks or anything else under water.

Industrial Archaeology

Industrial Revolution and other modern structures

Egyptologists, Mayanists, Assyriologists

Study of specific civilizations or time periods.

Cultural Resource Management

Management and assesment of significant cultural resources.

Types of Archaeology

PowerPoint created by Amy J McCray, 2005, updated 2007.


References l.jpg
References to 4.5 million years.

  • Applegate, Darlene. “Anth 130” In-class notes. Western Kentucky University, Spring 2004.

  • Google Images. 1 December 2005. <http://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi&q=>


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