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Archaeology. What is Archaeology?. One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology Study of ancient cultures through material remains Artifacts Aims to explain origins & development of human culture “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”. Why is Archaeology Important?.

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Presentation Transcript
what is archaeology
What is Archaeology?
  • One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology
  • Study of ancient cultures through material remains
    • Artifacts
  • Aims to explain origins & development of human culture
  • “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”
why is archaeology important
Why is Archaeology Important?
  • “History is to society as memory is to the individual.”
  • Importance:
    • Provides a means to learn about our past
      • True for cultures with and without any written history
        • “History will be kind to me because I intend to write it” ~Winston Churchill
how archaeologists conduct research
How Archaeologists Conduct Research
  • 1) Survey Site
  • 2) Excavation
    • Step 1: Remove top soil
    • Step 2: Site plan
    • Step 3: Study artifacts
absolute dating
Absolute Dating
  • Dendrochronology
  • Carbon 14
  • Potassium-argon
  • Thermoluminescence
relative dating determining the order of events
Relative Dating: Determining the Order of Events
  • Law of Horizontality
    • Layers form horizontally
  • Law of Superposition
    • Oldest on bottom; Youngest on top
  • Law of Association
    • Objects in same layer = same age
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