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Archaeology
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Archaeology. What is Archaeology?. One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology Study of ancient cultures through material remains Artifacts Aims to explain origins & development of human culture “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”. Why is Archaeology Important?.

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Archaeology

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Archaeology

Archaeology


What is archaeology

What is Archaeology?

  • One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology

  • Study of ancient cultures through material remains

    • Artifacts

  • Aims to explain origins & development of human culture

  • “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”


Why is archaeology important

Why is Archaeology Important?

  • “History is to society as memory is to the individual.”

  • Importance:

    • Provides a means to learn about our past

      • True for cultures with and without any written history

        • “History will be kind to me because I intend to write it” ~Winston Churchill


Can you determine where the following artifacts come from

Can You Determine Where the following artifacts come from?


What is it

What is it?


How archaeologists conduct research

How Archaeologists Conduct Research

  • 1) Survey Site

  • 2) Excavation

    • Step 1: Remove top soil

    • Step 2: Site plan

    • Step 3: Study artifacts


Dating methods absolute vs relative

Dating Methods: Absolute vs. Relative


Absolute dating

Absolute Dating

  • Dendrochronology

  • Carbon 14

  • Potassium-argon

  • Thermoluminescence


Relative dating determining the order of events

Relative Dating: Determining the Order of Events

  • Law of Horizontality

    • Layers form horizontally

  • Law of Superposition

    • Oldest on bottom; Youngest on top

  • Law of Association

    • Objects in same layer = same age


Garbology william rathje

GarbologyWilliam Rathje


Which character represents the best possible way to uncover the past

Which Character Represents the Best Possible Way to Uncover the Past?


The ark of the covenant

The Ark of the Covenant


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