Archaeology
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Archaeology PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Archaeology. What is Archaeology?. One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology Study of ancient cultures through material remains Artifacts Aims to explain origins & development of human culture “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”. Why is Archaeology Important?.

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Archaeology

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Archaeology


What is Archaeology?

  • One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology

  • Study of ancient cultures through material remains

    • Artifacts

  • Aims to explain origins & development of human culture

  • “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”


Why is Archaeology Important?

  • “History is to society as memory is to the individual.”

  • Importance:

    • Provides a means to learn about our past

      • True for cultures with and without any written history

        • “History will be kind to me because I intend to write it” ~Winston Churchill


Can You Determine Where the following artifacts come from?


What is it?


How Archaeologists Conduct Research

  • 1) Survey Site

  • 2) Excavation

    • Step 1: Remove top soil

    • Step 2: Site plan

    • Step 3: Study artifacts


Dating Methods: Absolute vs. Relative


Absolute Dating

  • Dendrochronology

  • Carbon 14

  • Potassium-argon

  • Thermoluminescence


Relative Dating: Determining the Order of Events

  • Law of Horizontality

    • Layers form horizontally

  • Law of Superposition

    • Oldest on bottom; Youngest on top

  • Law of Association

    • Objects in same layer = same age


GarbologyWilliam Rathje


Which Character Represents the Best Possible Way to Uncover the Past?


The Ark of the Covenant


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