Archaeology. By Zohaib. Basic facts. Archaeologists use small tools like brushes to excavate artifacts. Digging into the past. An archaeology discovers the past through objects. Digging Deeper. Did you now that everything used by people is an artifact EVEN YOUR TRASH!. Did you know?.
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Math allows the archaeologist to collect and interpret data. On site accurate measurements are necessary when setting up a grid system (a system which divides the site into numbered squares) and when measuring the exact location of finds so that they can be plotted on the site plan. In the lab, statistical math is used to study the finds, allowing the archaeologist to calculate artifact density (how many of each artifact type are found in each square), and the average size of artifacts. Dating methods such as radiocarbon dating and thermo luminescence dating are very complicated and require a high mathematical ability.
Let me tell you about how the archaeologists know precisely where they find artifacts. When they find artifacts they label it on a chart they make when they plan the site.