Archaeology. Linking Ontario Students and Their Past Cathy MacDonald and Joanne Lea OHASSTA Conference Toronto, 2008. What is archaeology?. the study of the HUMAN past from the examination of remains of material culture: -artifacts (materials modified and used by humans e.g. an axe)
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Linking Ontario Students
Cathy MacDonald and Joanne Lea OHASSTA Conference Toronto, 2008
-artifacts (materials modified and used by humans e.g. an axe)
-ecofact (modification of the environment by humans e.g. a ditch)
Oral tradition: Turtle Island formed on the back of a turtle; from that came all life; the people have always been here.
Archaeological information about peopling of Canada, to date...
5 000 B.P. Thule from Siberia and Islands by sea
B.P. means “before present”
40 000-12 000 B.P.
from Siberia via Beringia
1 000 B.P. Norse by sea
500 B.P. European fishermen, explorers and colonisers by sea
10 000 – 5 000 B.P. following melting glaciers from the south by land
artifacts, documents) - their benefits and limitations compared to secondary sources.
Canadian Archaeological Association K-12 curriculum with downloadable lessons and Ontario Archaeology Teaching Resource from www.canadianarchaeology.com