The Global Automotive Industry Climate Change and CO 2 Fuel Quality and Emissions Transport CO2 emissions compared to TOTAL man made emissions 12.2% 18.2% Fuel combustion for other uses Manufacturing & Construction 15.9% Electricity Generation & Heating 43.9%
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Transport CO2 emissions compared to TOTAL man made emissions
(Cars, Trucks & Buses)
Road transport share of global CO2 emissions:
LESS THAN 16%
COST EFFICIENCY IS CRUCIAL !
-12.4 % since 1995
Source: EU Commission communication – SEC(2006)1078
Reducing CO2 emissions The situation in Europe
President CCFA (French Automotive Manufacturers Association)Vice-President OICA
Geneva Motor Show5 March 2008
The “engine” of Europe
The automotive industry is committed
Engine and transmission Light weight materials
Improved aerodynamics Alternative fuel technologies
Friction reduction Hybrid, plug-in
… and many more
EU Commission only focus on car technology
Reducing CO2 emissions –
– integrated approach
An integrated approach
Delivering majority of new car CO2 reductions
Influencing demand in a harmonised way
Unrealistic lead time (1)
The European auto industry needs:
How the United States Is Meeting the CO2 Challenge
March 5, 2008
PRESENTATION BYDave McCurdyPresident & CEOAlliance of Automobile Manufacturers
The historic 2007 U.S. Energy Bill will produce dramatic results by 2020:
Raises mileage standards to 35 MPG, a 40% increase;
Reduces carbon dioxide (CO2) from autos by 30%;
Avoids 206 million metric tons of greenhouse gases annually;
Lowers oil consumption by 1.1 million barrels a day;
Saves 18 billion gallons of gasoline per year; and
Requires 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels annually.
America needs a more CO2-efficient society, and a new fleet of CO2-efficient autos will be dominating the marketplace.d produce less CO2.
By reducing CO2 by 30%, automakers will lead all industries in setting a clear path to meeting the recent United Nations Bali Climate Change Summit’s goal of a 50% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2050.
EFFECTIVE POLICY NEEDS TO:
Foster more alternative fuel choices, especially more low-carbon, renewable fuels;
Implement an aggressive program to enhance America’s fuels infrastructure, so our advanced technology autos have the fuels needed to power them;
Empower the research and development community to move us closer to technology breakthroughs like batteries for plug-in hybrids and fuel cells;
Encourage the U.S. investment community to stimulate economic investments in our future fuels and technologies;
Involve all levels of government.
Policy should encourage consumers to conserve fuel and to consider purchasing one of the many fuel-efficient autos on sale today.
An effective climate change policy must be built upon a multi-sector approach that involves all stakeholders.
UTILITIES & MANUFACTURING
Japan’s Approachto CO2 Reduction
Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc.
5 March 2008
CO2 emissions in Japan’s transport sector are decreasing.
In line with the Kyoto Protocol, the Japanese government formulated a target achievement plan which established CO2 reduction targets for all major sectors including the transport sector.
Since peaking in 2001, CO2 emissions in Japan’s transport sector have been on a downward trend, dropping to 254 million tons in 2006. Through greater automotive fuel efficiency, improved traffic flow, the wider use of alternative-energy vehicles and other measures including the adoption of eco-driving practices, the transport sector’s target for 2010 is achievable.
CO2 Emission Volumes in Japan’s Transport Sector
An estimated 54.9 million tons of CO2 will not be emitted (through greater fuel efficiency: 21 million tons; through improved traffic flow: 28.3 million tons; through wider use of alternative-energy vehicles and other measures : 5.6 million tons) in order to meet Japan’s Kyoto Protocol-related transport-sector target.
Source: Ministry of Environment data
Achieving Greater Fuel Efficiency
★The average fuel efficiency of new cars sold in Japan is increasing every year, making a significant contribution to CO2 reduction.
★Japan’s 2010 fuel efficiency standard for passenger cars has already been met (and in fact exceeded), as a result of intensive efforts and considerable financial investment by Japan’s automakers.
★Reducing CO2 emissions in the transport sector by 21 million tons through greater fuel efficiency, as per Japan’s Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan, is achievable.
★JAMA member companies are now working hard towards compliance with Japan’s very stringent 2015 fuel efficiency standard for passenger cars.
Trend in the Average Fuel-Efficiency Performance of Gasoline-Powered Passenger Cars
2015 fuel efficiency target
Average fuel efficiency for new cars sold in Japan reached 16.0 km/l in 2006, exceeding the 2010 target of 15.1 km/l.
Average fuel efficiency performance
Despite the achievements in fuel efficiency performance to date, meeting the 2015 target remains a major challenge.
Improving Traffic Flow
Improved traffic flow contributes to CO2 reduction by enabling increased vehicle speed, which in turn contributes to greater automotive fuel efficiency.
Improved traffic flow is achieved through:
○Improvements to road infrastructure
○Greater efficiency in goods distribution
○Wider application of ITS
○Use of advanced signal-control systems
CO2 emission levels
Source: Japan Automobile Research Institute data
Adopting an Integrated Sectoral Approach
to CO2 Reduction
Improving automotive fuel efficiency and traffic flow is not enough to reduce CO2 emissions in the road transport sector. An integrated approach is required, which includes the development and supply of alternative fuels and a more efficient use of vehicles. The adoption of these measures will ultimately make CO2 reduction efforts compatible with economic growth.
All stakeholders concerned should identify their individual responsibilities and make their best efforts to carry them out, in a framework of mutual cooperation.
Fuel suppliers/ Automakers
Supply of Alternative Fuels
(with the cooperation of fleet operators & government promotion)
[eco-driving, vehicle sharing, more efficient goods distribution, shift to rail transport, etc.]
[road infrastructure upgrades, ITS, enforce- ment of parking bans, etc.]
More Efficient Use of
★CO2 reductions in the transport sector can be achieved through
comprehensive measures including greater automotive fuel efficiency (through improved vehicle technologies), improved traffic flow (through road infrastructure improvements including better traffic management), and the more efficient use of vehicles.
★Under Japan’s Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan, an integrated, sectoral approach to reducing road transport CO2 emissions is steadily proving successful.
★The sectoral approach can be adopted globally on a country-by-country basis. JAMA hopes that many countries will decide to adopt this approach and take action accordingly, so that CO2 reductions can be achieved worldwide.
Read our annual environment report
Overview of Current Fuel consumption targets
in EU, US and Japan
= ~ 204 gCO2/km (US Cycle)
= ~ 5 € per gCO2/km x vol. cars
= ~ 160 gCO2/km (US Cycle)
= 138 g CO2/km (Japan Cycle)
20 / 35 / 60 / 95 € / g CO2/km x vol. cars
Commission proposal - under discussion