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Journal # 2. Give me an example of a food that you eat and why that particular food is good for you. Your Body’s Nutrient Needs. NUTRIENTS. Substances in food that your body needs to carry out its normal functions. NUTRITION.

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Journal 2

Journal # 2

Give me an example of a food that you eat and why that particular food is good for you.



Nutrients
NUTRIENTS

  • Substances in food that your body needs to carry out its normal functions


Nutrition
NUTRITION

  • The process of taking in food and using it for energy, growth, and good health


Nutrient categories
NUTRIENT CATEGORIES

  • Carbohydrates

  • Proteins

  • Fats

  • Vitamins

  • Minerals

  • Water


Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates

  • Sugars and starches contained in foods

  • Primary energy source

  • 2 types of carbohydrates – Simple and Complex

    • Simple carbohydrates (sugars) –found in fruit drinks, candy, cake, cookies and table sugars

    • Complex carbohydrates (starches) – bread, rice, pasta, beans, and other vegetables that contain fiber.

  • Fiber – tough stringy part of raw fruits, raw vegetables, whole wheat and other whole grains.

  • Fiber can not be digested


Proteins
PROTEINS

  • Nutrients that provide the building blocks your body needs for growth

  • Help to make skin, bone, and tissue

  • Promotes healing and aid in the repair of tissues

  • Protein is found in meat, eggs, dried beans and nuts


Journal 2
FATS

  • Nutrients found in fatty animal tissue and plant oils

  • Helps keep skin healthy

  • Source of energy

  • Good Fats - Unsaturated Fats

  • Unsaturated Fats (good fats) fish, nuts, and oils that contain unsaturated fat

  • Saturated Fats and Trans fats (bad fats) fried foods, margarine, and oils that contain saturated fat


Vitamins
VITAMINS

  • Nutrients that help regulate body functionslike digestion

  • Vitamins help your body use other nutrients and some help fight disease

  • Vitamin A, Vitamin, B12, Vitamin C

  • Fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads, and meats


Minerals
MINERALS

  • Elements in foods that help your body work properly

  • Builds healthy bones and teeth, iron carries oxygen to your cells

  • Calcium, Iron, Potassium

  • Milk, red meat, nuts, potatoes


Water

45 to 85% percent of the body is water

Carries other nutrients around the body

Amount of water you need depends on how much physical activity you get

Helps with digestion

removes waste

cools you off

WATER