the. BASICS. the BASICS. Line. DEFINITION: basic structural component of a poem. Literally, a row of words that ends somewhere. the BASICS. Stanza.
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DEFINITION: basic structural component of a poem. Literally, a row of words that ends somewhere.
DEFINITION: a formal division of lines in a poem that is considered as a unit. Separated by spaces. Like prose paragraphs, only for poetry. Conveys a single idea.
Types of Stanzas
DEFINITION: a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas.
He is as tall as a redwood tree.
She runs like a snail.
DEFINITION: a figure of speech that describes something as though it were something else.
from Tombstone >>> “Why Wyatt, you’re an oak.”
You are such a stick in the mud.
DEFINITION: an expression that has a meaning particular to a language or region. A phrase in which the literal meaning of the words does not add up to the actual meaning.
to go bananas =
to get super excited
waiting with much anxiety
on pins and needles =
to get a quick start on something
hit the ground running =
someone who copies or mimics
on someone’s bad side / in trouble
in the doghouse =
to get super angry, very fast
fly off the handle =
DEFINITION: makes a comparison between two or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike – typically, A : B :: C : D –
2 things compared to 2 things.
A glove is to hand as monitor is to computer.
Horses are to past societies as computers are to future societies.
DEFINITION: obvious and intentional exaggeration
These books weigh a ton.
I’m so tired I could sleep for a year.
DEFINITION: anything that stands for or represents something else. Symbols are common in everyday life.
See the following slides…
DEFINITION: a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics.
Nature speaks to people.
The window winked at me.
DEFINITION: the humorous use of a word or phrase to emphasize or suggest different meanings or applications; words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
Illusionists always find themselves in tricky situations.
Romance isn't a science . . . it's a heart.
DEFINITION: a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing
Pride and Prejudice and Zombies
Sense and Sensibility and Sea Monsters
Parry Hotter and the Seamy Side of Magic
DEFINITION: the use of words that imitate sounds and can help put the reader in the activity of a poem.
DEFINITION: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Writers use alliteration to draw attention to certain words or ideas, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects.
DEFINITION: the effect created when words with the same vowel sound are used in close proximity, but where the consonant sounds in these words are different.
DEFINITION: the effect created when words with the same consonant sound are used in close proximity, but where the vowel sounds in these words are different.
DEFINITION: a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or a song
DEFINITION: a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. Each new rhyme is assigned the next letter of the alphabet, while repeat sounds get whatever letter they were first assigned.
DEFINITION: rhyming at the ends of lines
DEFINITION: rhyming within the lines