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the. BASICS. the BASICS. Line. DEFINITION: basic structural component of a poem. Literally, a row of words that ends somewhere. the BASICS. Stanza.

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slide1

the

BASICS

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the BASICS

Line

DEFINITION: basic structural component of a poem. Literally, a row of words that ends somewhere.

slide3

the BASICS

Stanza

DEFINITION: a formal division of lines in a poem that is considered as a unit. Separated by spaces. Like prose paragraphs, only for poetry. Conveys a single idea.

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the BASICS

Types of Stanzas

Couplet

Triplet (tercet)

Quatrain

Quintet (cinquain)

Sestet (sextet)

Septet (heptastich)

Octave

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2-line stanza

3-line stanza

4-line stanza

5-line stanza

6-line stanza

7-line stanza

8-line stanza

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Poetic

Devices

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Poetic Devices

Simile

DEFINITION: a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas.

EXAMPLES:

He is as tall as a redwood tree.

She runs like a snail.

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Poetic Devices

Metaphor

DEFINITION: a figure of speech that describes something as though it were something else.

EXAMPLES:

from Tombstone >>> “Why Wyatt, you’re an oak.”

You are such a stick in the mud.

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Poetic Devices

Idiom

DEFINITION: an expression that has a meaning particular to a language or region. A phrase in which the literal meaning of the words does not add up to the actual meaning.

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idioms

EXAMPLES:

to go bananas =

to get super excited

waiting with much anxiety

on pins and needles =

to get a quick start on something

hit the ground running =

someone who copies or mimics

copycat =

on someone’s bad side / in trouble

in the doghouse =

to get super angry, very fast

fly off the handle =

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Poetic Devices

Analogy

DEFINITION: makes a comparison between two or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike – typically, A : B :: C : D –

2 things compared to 2 things.

EXAMPLES:

A glove is to hand as monitor is to computer.

Horses are to past societies as computers are to future societies.

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Poetic Devices

Hyperbole

DEFINITION: obvious and intentional exaggeration

EXAMPLES:

These books weigh a ton.

I’m so tired I could sleep for a year.

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Poetic Devices

Symbol

DEFINITION: anything that stands for or represents something else. Symbols are common in everyday life.

EXAMPLES:

See the following slides…

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Poetic Devices

Personification

DEFINITION: a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics.

EXAMPLES:

Nature speaks to people.

The window winked at me.

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Poetic Devices

Pun

DEFINITION: the humorous use of a word or phrase to emphasize or suggest different meanings or applications; words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.

EXAMPLES:

Illusionists always find themselves in tricky situations.

Romance isn't a science . . . it's a heart.

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Poetic Devices

Parody

DEFINITION: a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing

EXAMPLES:

Pride and Prejudice and Zombies

Sense and Sensibility and Sea Monsters

Parry Hotter and the Seamy Side of Magic

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Poetic Devices

Onomatopoeia

DEFINITION: the use of words that imitate sounds and can help put the reader in the activity of a poem.

EXAMPLES:

Thump

Phlblblbplb

Kerplunk

Squish

Thwack

Splink

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Poetic Devices

Alliteration

DEFINITION: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Writers use alliteration to draw attention to certain words or ideas, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects.

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Poetic Devices

Assonance

DEFINITION: the effect created when words with the same vowel sound are used in close proximity, but where the consonant sounds in these words are different.

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Poetic Devices

Consonance

DEFINITION: the effect created when words with the same consonant sound are used in close proximity, but where the vowel sounds in these words are different.

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Poetic Devices

Refrain

DEFINITION: a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or a song

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Poetic Devices

Rhyme Scheme

DEFINITION: a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. Each new rhyme is assigned the next letter of the alphabet, while repeat sounds get whatever letter they were first assigned.

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Poetic Devices

End Rhyme

DEFINITION: rhyming at the ends of lines

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Poetic Devices

Internal Rhyme

DEFINITION: rhyming within the lines