Medieval Europe aka Middle Ages. 500-1250 CE. Geography of Europe. Smallest continent on it’s own- BUT combined with Asia- known as Eurasia- creates world’s largest landmass Shaped like a big peninsula, has many peninsulas and islands
monasteries- (men) monks
Convents- (women) nuns devote their “LIVES” to God!
Benedict – 500’s wrote first “code” (rules) for monks- Benedictine Rule
Abbot – head monk:
Monks> pray for most of the day Farm Study (copied books by hand)
Make wine , crafts , Medicines
Charlemagne’s rule ended in early 800’s
Norsemen (Vikings) invaded from the NORTH into
Scandinavia – looking for land and riches
900’s : Norsemen settled around Seine R. Became known as NORMANS – called area NORMANDY – adopted Christianity and French language.
1066 : Normans invaded England- leader was “William the Conqueror”
1199 : King John I ruler of England – made lords pay for wars, could imprison without a trial
1054: Christian church split –
Constantine’s church: Eastern Orthodox ; Rome: Roman Catholic
*showed devotion to God by:
(during M.Ages): 1. Built huge churches called Cathedrals (ex. Notre Dame)
2. going on pilgrimages to Rome or Jerusalem
“habeas corpus”- you have the body- meaning you had to have just cause to arrest someone, etc.
(Many were Christian but there were also Muslims and Jews)
Christian belief grew so strong M.Ages became know as
Age of Faith