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Early Middle Ages - Europe. Outline – Write each heading then skip a line or 2 for the next one. Vikings William the Conqueror European Feudalism Lords/Vassals Knights Serfs Manors Feudal Pyramid. Middle Ages Germanic Invasions Rise of the Church The Pope Charles Martel Charlemagne

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outline write each heading then skip a line or 2 for the next one
Outline – Write each heading then skip a line or 2 for the next one.
  • Vikings
  • William the Conqueror
  • European Feudalism
  • Lords/Vassals
  • Knights
  • Serfs
  • Manors
  • Feudal Pyramid
  • Middle Ages
  • Germanic Invasions
  • Rise of the Church
  • The Pope
  • Charles Martel
  • Charlemagne
  • Invaders In Europe
middle ages
Middle Ages
  • Period from about 500-1500 , also known as the medieval period
  • First half from 500-1000 is known as the Early Middle Ages, or the Dark Ages- period of intellectual decline after the fall of the Roman Empire (476 AD).
  • Had its roots in:
  • Rome, the Roman Catholic Church, and customs of Germanic tribes (northern Europe).
germanic invasions
Germanic Invasions
  • Germanic tribes in Northern Europe such as the Goths begin sacking and pillaging cities after the Fall of Rome.
  • Disrupts Trade (No ideas being spread)
  • Downfall of Cities (little administration)
  • Population becomes rural
  • Loss of Latin language; Germans mix it with own languages and form hybrids we still see today.
rise of the roman catholic church
Rise of the Roman Catholic Church
  • What do people do?
  • RCC provided order and security during invasions after governments became weak.
  • Structure of government changes
  • Church becomes most powerful political force in Middle Ages
  • Monks in monasteries - education
the pope
The Pope
  • Pope = leader of RCC – becomes a political force with great power over people.
  • What happens if you disagree with the pope?
  • Hierarchy –
  • Pope
  • Cardinal
  • Bishop
  • Priest
  • People
charles the hammer martel
Charles (“The Hammer”) Martel
  • Leader of the Franks (modern-day France)
  • 732 Battle of Tours – Martel wins a victory that halts the Islamic advance and maintains Christianity in Western Europe
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ztoNqerMrd8
charlemagne 742 814
Charlemagne 742-814
  • “Charles the Great” - 6’4’’ tall – imposing guy.
  • Unites parts of Western Europe, spreads Christianity
  • Named emperor by the pope in 800 after putting down a mob
  • Last strong King for a while
invaders in europe
Invaders in Europe
  • Muslims and Magyars invade and break down central authority.
  • No clear rulers to stand up to the invaders.
  • Power of kings fades; now any leader who can fight the invaders gained followers and political strength.
  • From Scandinavia – Northmen or Norsemen
  • Warriors and Sailors, worshiped warlike gods and had names like Eric Bloodaxe and ThorfinnSkullsplitter.
  • Used Warships to raid coastal towns
  • Technological innovators – Viking Warships
  • Leif Ericsson – reaches North America in c. 1000 AD
william the conquerer
William the Conquerer
  • From Normandy – northern France
  • Problem of succession in England – who is going to be king?
  • Conquers England in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings – Becomes ruler
european feudalism
European Feudalism
  • With the invaders and conquerors inflicting fear on the people, they turn to local protection.
  • Feudalism – exchanging land for service, labor, or military service.
  • Essentially, someone with money and land is going to give it to another person. Then that person provides military support or other services in return.
lords and vassals basic ideas
Lords and Vassals – Basic Ideas
  • Lord- a landowner who gives land (fief) to another person.
  • That other person is a vassal = gets land, gives service.
  • Lords and Vassals are a generic name (tissue) that will have more specific names (Kleenex).
  • In Europe, the feudal structure looks like this :
  • Kings -> Nobles -> Knights -> Serfs
  • Knights – mounted horsemen who defend lord’s lands in exchange for fiefs
  • “Will work for land.”
  • Knights were held in high honor in Europe. They lived by a code of chivalry – fight bravely for 3 things: his lord, God, and his lady
  • Mostly peasants – bound to the land they worked
  • Not exactly slaves, though. Lords couldn’t sell or buy them.
  • What they produce lord.
  • Manors – lord’s estate/house.
  • Serfs lived and worked on the manor. In exchange, the lord gives them food and a place to live safely.
  • Typically nobles – person of high rank by birth in society.
  • Aristocracy
middle ages manor
Middle Ages Manor


  • Manorialism – economic system for nobles and serfs

Manor House

Field of peasants working

Artisan’s shop

feudal pyramid maybe the most important part
Feudal Pyramid – Maybe the most important part

Copy this one down somewhere in your notes – you’ll need to be familiar with this system.