Who were the earliest Americans?. The Americas. Guess how much the statue weighs!. Student who comes closest gets a prize (2 mins ). 8 tons/16,000 pounds!!!!. http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/28709-discovery-atlantis-olmec-civilization-and-atlantis-video.htm. Intro video.
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Student who comes closest gets a prize (2 mins).
36a explain the rise and fall of the http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/28709-discovery-atlantis-olmec-civilization-and-atlantis-video.htmOlmec, Mayan, Aztec and Inca empires
36b compare the culture of the Americas including government, economy, religion, social structure, technology and the arts of the Mayans, Aztecs and IncasAks 36
Who were the Olmecs and what was their contribution to civilization in the Americas?
The http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/28709-discovery-atlantis-olmec-civilization-and-atlantis-video.htmOlmecEarly civilizations
What do you think happened to the heads tell us about their culture?Olmec?Decline (by 400 BCE)
The heads tell us about their culture?Olmec left their mark
Olmec art and construction affected future cultures like the Maya
Olmec developed ceremonial centers, ritual ball games, and ruling class
Later cultures in Mesoamerica adopted Olmec ways
Influenced Mayan writing system
Origin of the Mayan calendar systemLegacy/impact
3 – things you learned heads tell us about their culture?
2 – things you want to find out more about
1 – question you haveSummary
Who were the Mayan’s and what triggered their decline? heads tell us about their culture?The Mayans
Southern Mexico into northern Central America heads tell us about their culture?
Includes dry scrub forest of the Yucatan Peninsula
Also – dense, steamy jungles
Maya took on Olmec influences and blended it with their local customsMayan Civilization
What was the climate like for the Mayans? heads tell us about their culture?
Where was their civilization located?Review
How was each Mayan location set-up in terms of government? heads tell us about their culture?Review
Exact rules and method of scoring are unknown. heads tell us about their culture?
Inscriptions indicate that players could not use their hands or feet to move a solid rubber ball.
Members of the losing team might be sacrificed by beheading.
City-states exchanged their local products and craft goods heads tell us about their culture?
No unifying currency, cacao (CHOCOLATE) beans sometimes served as one
Maize, beans, and squash provided the basis for Maya lifeAgriculture and trade
Very important to have an accurate calendar to know which god was in charge of the day
260 day religious calendar
365 day solar calendarMath and religion
“Before the world was created, Calm and Silence were the great kings that ruled. Nothing existed, there was nothing”
Describe their social structure.Review
In one paragraph, write a short story about what you think happened to the Mayans?Use your creativity
Who were the Aztecs? How did their civilization function, thrive, and ultimately decline?Essential question
Greatest empire in Mesoamerica thrive, and ultimately decline?
Heart of civilization located around modern Mexico City
Ancestors of the OlmecSetting the stage
“City of the Gods” thrive, and ultimately decline?
First major city-state of Central Mexico
Peak population ~150,000 – 200,000
Obsidian – Green or black volcanic rock used to make razor sharp weapons
Abandoned by 750 ADTeotihuacán
Established by the early 1500’s thrive, and ultimately decline?
Population 200,000 – 400,000 (larger than London or other European Cities at the time)
Built on an island surrounded by marshland/waterTenochtitlan
Describe the beginning of the Aztecs. thrive, and ultimately decline?
What was their social structure?
What was their religion?
How did they decline?Review
Who were the Incas and what were some of their social innovations unique to Pre-Columbian culture in the Americas?Essential Question