World War OneThe Homefront and the War Effort CHC2D8 Ms. Gluskin
Day 1 – Did the government rise to the challenge of preparing for war? Will Patrick Chan rise to the challenge of winning the gold medal in figure skating? Challenges
Problems and Solutions • Now we know about the battles going on in Europe. • What was the government doing back home in Canada to organize the war effort, get Canada ready (prepared) for war? • What problems would the government face? • What solutions would they come up with? Causes andconsequences
Communicate Through Propaganda Why is this a successful poster / billboard? 1917-18 poster Canadian War Museum, Canadian Wartime Propaganda, N.d., http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/propaganda/photo3_e.shtml (Feb. 11, 2014).
Vocabulary (36-37) • homefront (noun) = what is happening at home during the war • The homefront was just as important to the war as the battles in Europe. • front (noun) = a place where battles are fought • In Europe there was a western front (Belgium, France), an eastern front (with Russia), and a homefront. • challenge (noun) = a problem that has to be solved • It is a challenge to take Canadian history when you are so new to Canada. The course is challenging (adjective). • training (noun) = getting people ready for something • Olympic athletes do their training for many years before they become gold medalists. They are well trained (adjective).
Vocabulary, con’t • recruits (noun) = volunteers for the war • Many new recruits were needed as soldiers died in battles in Europe. The government had to recruit (verb) men who were willing to fight. • enlist (verb) = to volunteer for something • At the beginning of the war more soldiers enlisted than at the end. All of the soldiers were enlisted (adjective) men. • income tax (noun) = a % of people’s income that goes to the government • Canadians pay income tax so that the government can use that money to pay for services such as health care for the people of Canada.
Vocabulary, con’t • Victory Bonds (noun) = money loaned to the government to help pay for the war effort • The government used advertising to make Canadians want to buy Victory Bonds during the war. • loan (noun) = money given to someone that will be repaid with interest • A bank will give people a loan if they want to buy a new car, however, they will have to pay it back with interest. • propaganda (see page 41) (noun) = spreading carefully selected information, rumours and ideas • During the war the government used propaganda posters to get Canadians to support the war.
Propaganda Techniques • Propaganda posters are designed to deliver a specific message to a specific audience. Some techniques(strategies) used to create propaganda posters include: • colour and symbols (e.g., red might symbolize blood) • appeal to emotions (e.g., fear, sense of adventure, sense of duty) • images that are important to an audience (e.g., commitment to family, church, or country) • bold (very strong) slogans (little phrases that are easy to remember)
As a result, you may see some of the following ideas and images in World War I propaganda posters: • emotional images • threats to family, church, or country • the Union Jack (Britain’s flag) • symbols of France, such as a soldier in French uniform
En-words • Enjoy (to enter into joy) • Enlist • To volunteer to join the army • (to enter the list of citizens in the army)
Three Challenges • Page 40-41 • Fill in the left-hand column. • What is the challenge? • Describe it briefly • Training example: • Disorganized • missing equipment • Equipment that didn’t work • Short (3 months)
Report Card Comments • A comment is your opinion of why or why not the Canadian government did a good job in preparing for the war. • Bad comment: • The government did a good job. • Good comment: • I gave the government an A because it prepared Canadians for war by …
Day 2 Conscription
Vocabulary 42-43, 54-55 • conscription = force people to go to war (see page 42) • reluctant = not sure about doing something • language barrier • excused = not required to do something • pacifism = a belief that it is wrong to go to war
Conscription Crisis • Is it ever right to force citizens to go to war?
Historical Perspectives • Perspectives = views, ways of seeing things • Not everyone in Canada had the same view on conscription. • Some thought it was a good idea • Some thought it was a bad idea
Canadian War Museum, Canadian Wartime Propaganda, First World War, N.d., http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/propaganda/poster5_e.shtml (Feb. 14, 2014).
Journal Entry #2 • Explain how different people in Canada had different views/opinions on conscription. • Given these different views, do you think the government was right to introduce conscription? Answer both questions. Length: ½ to ¾ page, double spaced.