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World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War" PowerPoint Presentation
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World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War"

World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War"

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World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War"

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  1. World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War" Ms. Susan PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

  2. War Mobilization

  3. 1. Enlistment

  4. The Most Famous Recruitment Poster

  5. Uncle Sam—He the Man!

  6. World War I American “Anthem”

  7. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun,Take it on the run, on the run, on the run,Hear them calling you and me,Every son of liberty.Hurry right away, no delay, go today,Make your daddy glad to have had such a lad,Tell your sweetheart not to pine,To be proud her boy's in line.

  8. Over there, over thereSend the word, send the word over thereThat the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming,The drums rum-tumming everywhereSo prepare, say a prayerSend the word, send the word to bewareWe'll be over, we're coming over,And we won't come back till it's over, over there!

  9. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun,Johnnie show the Hun you're a son of a gun,Hoist the flag and let her fly,Yankee Doodle do or die.Pack your little kit, show your grit, do your bit,Yankees to the ranks from the towns and the tanks,Make your momma proud of you And the old Red White and Blue.

  10. 1917 – Selective Service Act 24,000,000 men registered for the draft by the end of 1918. 4,800,000 men served in WW1 (2,000,000 saw active combat). 400,000 African-Americansserved in segregated units. 15,000 Native-Americans served as scouts, messengers, and snipers in non-segregated units.

  11. 2. Expansion of the Federal Government

  12. U. S. Food Administration

  13. U. S. Food Administration

  14. U. S. Food Administration

  15. National War Garden Commission

  16. U. S. School Garden Army

  17. U. S. Fuel Administration

  18. U. S. Fuel Administration

  19. Results of This New Organization of the Economy? • Unemployment virtually disappeared. • Expansion of “big government.” • Excessive govt. regulations in eco. • Some gross mismanagement  overlapping jurisdictions. • Close cooperation between public and private sectors. • Unprecedented opportunities for disadvantaged groups.

  20. New Social/Economic Opportunities

  21. 1. Women

  22. YWCA – The Blue Triangle

  23. Munitions Work

  24. The Girls They Left Behind Do Their Bit!

  25. Women Used In Recruitment Hello, Big Boy!

  26. Even Grandma Buys Liberty Bonds

  27. The Red Cross - Greatest Mother in the World

  28. National League for Woman’s Service

  29. 2. African-Americans

  30. Opportunities for African-Americans in WW1 “Great Migration.” 1916 – 1919  70,000 War industries work. Enlistment in segregated units.

  31. True Sons of Freedom

  32. For “Colored” Men in Service

  33. African-Americans on a Troop Ship Headed for France

  34. “Rescuing a Negro During the Race Riots in Chicago”, 1919

  35. 3. New American Immigrants

  36. The “Flag of Liberty” Represents All of Us!

  37. We are ALL Americans!

  38. United War Work Campaign

  39. American Committee for Relief in the Near East

  40. Wartime Propaganda

  41. The Committee of Public Information (George Creel) America’s “Propaganda Minister?” Anti-Germanism. Selling American Culture.

  42. “Remember Belgium”

  43. The “Mad Brute”

  44. Beat Back the “Hun”

  45. The “Menace of the Seas”

  46. Attacks on Civil Liberties

  47. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 1. Espionage Act– 1917- forbade actions that obstructed recruitment or efforts to promote insubordination in the military. - ordered the Postmaster General to remove Leftist materials from the mail. - fines of up to $10,000 and/or up to 20 years in prison.