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Access Prior Knowledge Lesson 1: How Does Air Move? Lesson 2: What are Air Masses?. Opening Activity O pen Science textbook to page 230. Open Science folder to review vocabulary words and outline for the chapter. Open Science journal and answer the following questions:

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Access Prior Knowledge

Lesson 1: How Does Air Move?

Lesson 2: What are Air Masses?

Opening Activity

Open Science textbook to page 230.

Open Science folder to review vocabulary words and outline for the chapter.

Open Science journal and answer the following questions:

1. Why are each step in the water cycle important?

Review Content Cards and Q-Cards in bin, sharing with partners quizzing each other 
quietly.

Log in to clickers using student ID number.

Be ready to review home learning when timer goes off.

Don't forget to write your 
home learning in your 
agenda page 76A and 77A.

slide2

Do you agree with the statement?

1

Air pressure increases as you get farther

away from the ground.

slide3

Do you agree with the statement?

2

There are five layers in Earth’s 
atmosphere.

slide4

Do you agree with the statement?

3

Convection currents can cause patterns of

clouds and precipitation.

slide5

Do you agree with the statement?

4

Air masses help to determine the weather

in an area.

slide6

Do you agree with the statement?

5

Fronts occur within an air mass.

slide7

Layers of Air

Air is made of gases, 8/10 of air is nitrogen, 
2/10 of air is oxygen.

 -The rest of the air is carbon dioxide, water, 
and other gases.

The atmosphere of Earth has five layers and the 
temperature changes as you go up through the 
layers.

 -As you go higher, the altitude increases and 
the air pressure gets lower.

Altitude is how high you are in the atmosphere 
and air pressure is the amount of air.

 -The higher you are in the atmosphere, the 
lower the air pressure is because the gas 
particles in the air  are farther apart and the 
less air there is above you.

slide8

Convection Currents

Sunlight warms up land quickly, but it takes 
longer to warm up water so at night, land cools 
off faster than water.

 -This is why the air above land and the air 
above water are different temperatures.

Convection currentsform when there are 
different air temperatures.

 -A convection current happens when gases 
or liquids rise and sink in a circular path.

Gas particles are closer together in cool air and 
are farther apart in warm air.

 -This makes cool air heavier than warm air 
so when warm and cool air are next to each 
other, the cool air sinks and the warm air rises.

 -This is what happens to convection currents 
near the ocean at night.

slide9

Convection Currents

There are six very large convection currents in the air over 
Earth.

 -The convection currents over North America and the 
spinning of Earth cause wind patterns. In North America, 
this makes the wind blow mainly from west to east.

There are jet streams high above the ground, which are a 
very high fast wind.

 -The different temperatures between the convection 
currents form jet streams.

 -Jet streams can change the  
 temperature, winds, and rain because  
 it affects air movement.

slide10

Kinds of Air Masses

When air stays in one area for a long time, it takes on properties of that 
area and becomes an air mass.

-An air mass is a large body of air with similar properties 
 through it. The air mass keeps these properties even after it moves 
 away from the area.

Weather is often caused by air masses. If it is warm and sunny, it will 
stay that way until a new air mass moves to the area.

 -Some types of weather only happen at the edges of air  masses.

slide11

Kinds of Air Masses

There are different types of air masses. Maritime polar air masses 
form over the oceans near the poles. These air masses are cold and 
moist.

 -Maritime tropical air masses form over warm oceans or 
 rainforests. These air masses are warm and wet.

 -Continental polar air masses form over land near the poles. 
 These air masses are cold and dry. Continental tropical air 
 masses form over hot deserts. These air masses are warm and 
 dry.

Air masses move because of winds. The  
 winds may be close to the ground or high  
 like the jet stream.

 -If a jet stream brings air from Canada  
 to the United States, the weather will  
 probably get colder.

slide12

When Air Masses Meet

A frontis a boundary between two air masses.

 -Air masses usually move from west to east over North 
 America. Fronts have the same movement.

Fronts are named for the kind of air they bring to an area.

 -A cold front brings colder air.

 -A warm front brings warmer air.

 -A stationary front does not move very much. It stays in the 
 same area for a while.

Fronts often have rising warm air. This makes the  
 areas near the fronts have low air pressure.

 -Areas in the middle of the air mass have higher  
 air pressure. The rising air at fronts causes  
 precipitation such as rain or snow.

Weather

Wind

slide13

MatchQuest

Warm Front

Cold Front

slide14

TextQuest

Answer questions in your Science Journal.

1. As altitude increases, how does air pressure change? Why?

2. What causes convection currents?

3. How does air masses form and move?

4. Why does precipitation often happen at fronts?

Don't forget to write your 
home learning in your 
agenda page 76A and 77A.