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Paraphrasing, summarizing and quoting

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  1. Paraphrasing, summarizing and quoting Rukmaryadi 2012

  2. Paraphrasing“ A paraphrase is a translation, restatement or rewording “ • Untuktidakmencontoh/ menciplakhasiltulisanatauperkataanorang lain perlukitamempelajaribagaimanacaramembuatparaphrasing • Apabilakitamembaca sentences, paragraph, atau texts yang dibuatorang lain. Dan kitabisamembuatkedalambahasakitasendiridanideidenyamasihtetapsamatetapicarapenyajian sentences, paragraph, atau texts dalamversikitasendiri( ungkapansendiri).

  3. Contohparaphrasing 1. Dalamkalimat ( sentences ) He called you yesterday ( original sentence) Yesterday , He phoned you ( paraphrasing ) Last day , He phoned you Cara merubahnya agar tidakmiripdengan yang aslinya • Caripersamaankata ( synonym ) • Ubahstukturkalimat . Misalnya - Kalimataktifkekalimatpasif - Ubahletakketeranganwaktu

  4. Contohparaphrasing 2. Dalamparagraf ( paragraph ) Original Passage • In The Sopranos, the mob is besieged as much by inner infidelity as it is by the federal government. Early in the series, the greatest threat to Tony's Family is his own biological family. One of his closest associates turns witness for the FBI, his mother colludes with his uncle to contract a hit on Tony, and his kids click through Web sites that track the federal crackdown in Tony's gangland.  Paraphrasing passage • In the first season of The Sopranos, Tony Soprano’s mobster activities are more threatened by members of his biological family than by agents of the federal government. This familial betrayal is multi-pronged. Tony’s closest friend and associate is an FBI informant, his mother and uncle are conspiring to have him killed, and his children are surfing the Web for information about his activities. 

  5. Contohparaphrasing Here is a summary of some of the changes made during the paraphrasing process: Early in the series = first season More threatened = greatest threat Closest friend and associate = one family member His mother colludes with his uncle = his mother and uncle are conspiring His kids click through Web sites = his children are surfing the Web

  6. Contohparaphrasing 3. Dalam Text. Yang dibacadalamteksyaitudalambentukparagraf yang disusun. Kumpulan paragrafjugadijumpaidalam journal , article , passage , dengankata lain kitatidakmengubahideaslinya. Cara untukmengubahteksatautersebuthampirsama yang kitalakukandalammerephase paragraph .tetapiperlukitaambilbeberapaide yang pentingpentingsaja.

  7. Rules of paraphrasing

  8. Summarizinga large selection of text and then reducing it to smaller pieces

  9. Summarizing • Tujuan Summarizing dalamteksatauparagrafadalahmengurangikalimat yang tidakperluataukalimatpenjelas. Yang diambiladalahkalimat yang bisamewakilidalamparagrafatauteks. Bayangkansajadalam 3 halamanbukubisakita summarize menjadi 1 halamanataukurangdariitu.

  10. Quoting and citation • Quoting dalambahasaindonesiaadalahkutipan • Mengutipdariberbagaisumbersepertidarikamus, ensiklopedi, artikel, laporan, buku, majalah, internet. Semua yang kitakutipadalahgagasan ( idea) penulis ( author) ataupembicara ( speaker) • Cara penulismengutipbisajadiberbeda. Seperti MLA style ,APA style, Harvard style, Turabian, Harvard style, Chicago dll. • Kutipantersebutbisadirect quotation danindirect quotation • Penulisankutipan/ quoting akanmelibatkanreferensidan bibliography. DimulaiNamapengarang ( author), tahunterbitnya ( year of publish), judul ( title), dannamapenerbit ( publisher)

  11. Dictionary quotation • According to the Oxford English Dictionary, “nurse" means “ a woman who suckles an infant not her own ( quotation) • Reference ( dalam reference andatulissepertiini) Nurse." Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd. ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1989. Print. "Noon." Merriam-Webster Online. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2008. ( internet citation)

  12. Dictionary quotation • APA Style Definition date Title of dictionary and edition City and publisher “Nurse “ (1989) Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd. ed. London , Oxford University Press MLA style Word Title of dictionary and edition City and publisher date "Victim.“ Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd. ed. : Oxford University Press, 1989. Pembedadiantaramereka - ada yang memakaihighlighting ( ____) danada yang memakai Bracket atautandakurung - Letak date berbedadidalamtinjauanpustaka

  13. In-text referencing • Dalam journal ada 2 cara : • - diletakandiakhirkalimat (at the end of a sentence) • - diawalkalimat , setelahpengarang. • a)  Hoekman and Newfarmer  (2005, p. 949) suggest that ‘new trade rules that create a larger internal market create an incentive to invest for members and for third world countries’. or • (b) 'New trade rules that create a larger internal market create an incentive to invest for members and for third world countries' (Hoekman & Newfarmer 2005, p. 949).

  14. Let’s us practice

  15. Contohdankoleksi

  16. Contohdankoleksi

  17. Referencing • Hoekman, B & Newfarmer, F 2005, 'Preferential trade agreements, investment disciplines and investment flows', Journal of World Trade, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 949-973.