Guidelines for paraphrasing • Paraphrase = Restating ideas of source in detail • Use when the language of the original is wordy, dull, technical or convoluted.
Guidelines for paraphrasing • Read the passage until you understand it. • Jot down the main idea and list supporting points. • As you paraphrase, follow the order and emphasis of the original. • Document your source.
Guidelines for summarizing • Summary = Restate main idea in your own words • Use to briefly explain a longer work.
Guidelines for summarizing • Read the passage until you understand it. • Jot down the main ideas. • As you summarize, make sure you use your own words, not those of your source. • Document the source.
Guidelines for quoting • Quoting = The author’s exact words as they appeared in the source.
Guidelines for quoting • Quote when the author’s words are so memorable that paraphrasing would lessen the impact. • Quote when a paraphrase or summary would change the meaning. • Quote when the original language adds authority to your discussion.
Guidelines for quoting • Special rule for quoting poetry: Insert a slash / at the end of each line of the poem you are quoting. • Anzaldua uses vivid language, writing to open the second verse, “I got to the farm / in time to hear the shots / ricochet off barn” (146).