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ROMANIA. Ondřej Syrovátka, 2011. Basic Information. Area The country is quite big – its area is 238,392 km 2 (the area of CzR is 78 , 864 km 2 ) It ’s 104 th in the world (9 th in EU) Population There live more than 22,000,000 people in Romania (the population of CzR is 1,510,000)

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    1. ROMANIA Ondřej Syrovátka, 2011

    2. Basic Information Area • The country is quite big – its area is 238,392 km2(the area of CzR is 78,864 km2) • It’s 104th in the world (9th in EU) Population • There live more than 22,000,000 people in Romania (the population of CzR is 1,510,000) • It makes it the 50th most populated country in the world (7th in EU).

    3. Origins of the people • The name of the country comes from Latin word “Roman”, which was the name used for an inhabitant of Ancient Rome (Romania used to be a province of Roman Empire - see the map) • Original inhabitants were so called “Dacians” but when the Romans conquered Dacia, they assimilated with them and thus emerged a new nation – Romania • There are also lots of people in Romania who are of different nationality (see Languages)

    4. Roman Empire in 116 AD

    5. Languages (1) • The main and official language is Romanian. It is an Indo-European, Romanic language which developed mainly from Latin, but contains also large vocabulary borrowed from other languages: Slavic (Serbian, Bulgarian), French, Hungarian, German • There live also lots of people of different nationalities who speak their own languages: Hungarians (1,5 million), Gypsies, Serbs, but also Slovaks and Czechs (about 5,000).

    6. Languages (2) English translations (match!) • Yes • Where is the toilet? • I came from Czechia. • I don’t like school very much. • I love you. • Where are you going? • “Good day” • No • My name is … • Good morning Examples of Romanian • Bunăziua • Unde mergi? • Unde este toaleta? • Da • Bună dimineaţa • Nu • Eu sunt Andrei. • Am venit din Cehia. • Te iubesc. • Nu im place şcoala foarte bun.

    7. Cities Bucharest (Bucureşti) • It is the capital of Romania • Its population is about 2.3 million Other large cities • Iaşi (354,000, oldest university in Romania) • Galaţi (342,000) • Timişoara (340,000, Temesvár, big Hungarian minority) • Constanţa (337,000, sea port and a famous sea resort) • Cluj-Napoca (332,000, lots of Hungarians)

    8. Nature • Romania is very popular among Czech tourists not only for its beautiful and unspoilt mountain ranges called The Transylvanian Alps (Fagaraş, Retezat, Apuseni, ...), but also for its numerous spas and beaches. • The highest mountain of Romania is Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m).

    9. Climate • Romania has a transitional climate between temperate and continental. The average annual temperature is 11 °C in the south and 8 °C in the north (it’s 7.3 °C in CzR). • Spring is pleasant with cool mornings and nights and warm days. Summers are generally very warm to hot. Autumn is dry and cool, with fields and trees producing colorful leaves. Winters can be cold, with average maxima even in lower-lying areas being no more than 2 °C (36 °F) and below −15 °C (5.0 °F) in the highest mountains.

    10. Animals • In Romania there live lots of wild animals • In the mountains, for example, you can happen to meet a brown bear. Sometimes, the bears even go down to cities to eat rubbish from dustbins and it happens that they attack people there. • In the Danube Delta, on the other hand, you may see lots of interesting (and endangered) species of birds, including pelicans.

    11. Sports • The most popular sport in Romania is probably football. Steaua Bucureştibecame the first Eastern European club ever to win the prestigious European Champions Cup title in 1986. • In the history, Romanian gymnasts were almost unbeatable. In the 1976 Olympics, Nadia Comăneci won 3 gold, one silver and one bronze medal (all in the age of 14!)

    12. Interesting facts • The legend of vampire Dracula was based on a historical personality – cruel Romanian duke Vlad Ţepeş (The Impaler) and was set in Romania.

    13. Interesting facts • There are 6 Czech villages in south-west Romania (Gernik, Svatá Helena, Eibenthal, Rovensko, Bigr, Šumice) and I taught Czech in one of them (Eibenthal) for 1 year in 2006/2007.

    14. Sources • • Links • •