Doler o ue to hurt to be hurting part 1 of 2
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“Doler” (o  ue) to hurt; to be hurting (part 1 of 2). Just like “gustar,” “doler” (o  ue) is one of those crazy backwards verbs. This means that you only use two forms: “ DUELE ” or “ DUELEN ,” depending on what hurts. You must also use “ me, te, le, nos, os, les. ”

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Doler o ue to hurt to be hurting part 1 of 2
“Doler” (oue) to hurt; to be hurting (part 1 of 2)

  • Just like “gustar,” “doler” (oue) is one of those crazy backwards verbs. This means that you only use two forms: “DUELE” or “DUELEN,” depending on what hurts. You must also use “me, te, le, nos, os, les.”

  • ¿Qué te duele?(What hurts you?)

  • Me duele la garganta. = My throat hurts.

  • Me duele la cabeza. = My head hurts.

  • Me duelen las piernas. = My legs hurt.

  • A Lupe le duelen los pies. (Lupe’s feet hurt)


Doler o ue to hurt to be hurting part 2 of 2
Doler” (oue) to hurt; to be hurting (part 2 of 2)

  • By the way:

  • (el dolor = the pain)

  • (el dólar = dollar $)

  • (el dolor de cabeza = the headache)


Sentirse e ie to feel
Sentirse (eie) = to feel

  • me siento nos sentimos

  • te sientes os sentís

  • se siente se sienten

  • ¿Te sientes bien?

  • Sí, me siento bien.


Tener to have
Tener = to have

  • Tener = to have

  • tengo tenemos

  • tienes tenéis

  • tiene tienen

  • Form of tener + frío = to be cold

  • “ calor = hot

  • “ miedo = afraid

  • “ sueño = to be sleepy

    “ hambre = hungry

    “ sed = thirsty

  • .


Ejemplos
Ejemplos:

  • Tengo frío = I’m cold

  • Tenemos miedo = We are afraid.

  • Ud. Tiene sueño = You are sleepy

  • ¿Tienes hambre? = Are you hungry?

  • Lola y Rico tienen calor. = Lola and Rico are hot.



Negative informal commands
Negative Informal Commands

  • **Remember: affirmative commands

  • tú form, take off “s”

  • easy eight (p. 252)

  • reflexives get attached- lávate

  • ***First, you have to think if the verb you want to use is one of the “EASY EIGHT.” If it is one of the “EASY EIGHT”, simply use that form:

  • Decir  di (say, tell)

  • Tener  ten (have)

  • Venir  ven (come)

  • Poner  pon (put, place, set)

  • Ir  ve (go)

  • Ser  sé (be)

  • Hacer  haz (do)

  • Salir  sal (leave)


***If the verb is NOT one of the “EASY EIGHT” , use the “Drop the “S” Rule.” :

Take the “tú” form of the present tense and drop the “s”. Yes, it’s that easy!

Speak Spanish! = ¡Habla español!

Run, Forrest, Run! = ¡Corre, Forest, corre!

Play Soccer! = ¡Juega al fútbol!

Summary:

Steps to an affirmative TÚ command:

1. Determine if the verb is on the “Easy Eight” list. If it is, just use the “Easy Eight” form.

2. If the verb is NOT on the “Easy Eight” list, take the tú form and drop the “s.”

SECRET HINT: You could also just use the “ÉL, ELLA, USTED” form. It’s the same as the “tú” form minus the “s.” Tricky-tricky 


  • Negative Irregulars:

  • 1. dar no des (don’t give)

  • 2. ir no vayas (don’t go)

  • 3. ser no seas (don’t be)

  • For most other “-ar” verbs, drop the “-o” from the yo form and add “-es”

  • fumo no fumes- don’t smoke

  • For most other “-er”, “-ir” verbs, drop “o” from yo form and add “-as”

  • duermo no duermas (don’t sleep)

  • Reflexives go before verb no te laves


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