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The Pilot Project on Aquaculture Development in Ethiopia:- Bridging the gap of fish seed demand through hatchery establishment and village based extension approach. Hussein Abegaz Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 14 April, 2009, Kampala. Background. 1. Ethiopia

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The Pilot Project on Aquaculture Development in Ethiopia:- Bridging the gap of fish seed demand through hatchery establishment and village based extension approach

Hussein Abegaz

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

14 April, 2009, Kampala


1. Ethiopia

  • Population 77 million with 2.9% growth rate

  • Area 1.14 million Km2

  • Its altitude ranges -126 m to 4620 m

  • It is a land locked country (inland fisheries)

  • It is economy is mainly based on agriculture

  • In most cases highlands dominate mixed farming system.

2 aquaculture development potential
2. Aquaculture Development Potential

  • The aquaculture activities increased in the country

  • The contribution of fisheries aquaculture for food security recognized by federal and local regional policy makers

  • Available favorable agro-ecology, abundant seasonal rainfall and several small water bodies

  • The abundance and fast increment the number of SWB due to irrigation agriculture intensification which can be for fishery and aquaculture resources.

3 government plans for aquaculture development
3. Government Plans for Aquaculture Development

  • Endorsed NADSE

  • Strengthening existing fish stocking program,

  • Developing farmers-based demonstration fish ponds and fish culture centres for breeding and distribution of fingerlings,

  • Training of fish farm technicians,

  • Intensify fish farming by effective extension support for fish farmers,

  • Encourage the private sector for development of commercial aquaculture.

A formulated the strategy nadse
a. Formulated the Strategy-NADSE

  • NADSE formulation took a total 7 weeks starting from 22, March 2009,

  • NADSE Working group members:

    • 2 FAO consultants,

    • 2 national consultants and

    • 6 Ethiopian professionals

B the strategy out put
b. The strategy out put

Immediate out put;

  • Provided the general guidelines for the rational and sustainable development and expansion of the aquaculture sub-sector,

  • Short and medium action plan prepared and,

  • National aquaculture pilot project prepared and will be presenting below.

3 small scale aquaculture practice
3. Small Scale Aquaculture practice

  • Above 200 farmer are exercised fish farming in their fish ponds at different regional Governments,

  • Operation of Stocking in to SWB is very active (>30 SWB stocked last 2 years)

4 aquaculture investment
4. Aquaculture investment

  • 27 investors received license (in the last three years)

    Among those:

  • Ethio-Fisheries Plc:- in aquaculture, near Lake Abaya ( it has established modern fish processing plant),

    • Vittorio Viezzt Carlo Talaric Plc:- Fish Farming near Lake Chamo,

    • MIDGE 2000 Plc:- Cage Culture in Lake Tana,

    • Ashraf Industrial Groups:- Cage Culture in Lake Tana,

    • Trout fish farm PLC and,

    • Lobster farm PLC

5 the pilot project
5. The pilot project

General objective

  • To enhance contribution of fisheries and aquaculture to food security and rural development

    Specific objectives

  • To demonstrate and assess the feasibility of small scale integrated fish farming technologies at selected sites,

  • To establish model fish hatchery facilities,

  • To integrate fish farming with agriculture,

  • To test cluster/village based fish farming extension approach, and

  • To achieve the MDG’s target of food security.

5 1 project components
5.1 Project components

1) Aquaculture Extension/Outreach

  • Develop Aquaculture extension system

  • Establish Fish Hatchery system


  • To accelerate aquaculture development through creating a dependable aquaculture input delivery services.

Major activities
Major Activities

  • Develop Aquaculture extension system,

  • Improve Fish production, handling and marketing,

  • Develop aquaculture extension package and materials,

  • Formation of model farmers group (village based fish farming groups),

  • Establishing aquaculture facilities/fingerling production facilities at four regional states,

Cont d
…. cont’d

  • Promoting private sector participation,

  • Improving handling and transportation of fingerlings,

  • Organizing fish farmers into cooperative society,

  • Conduct socio-economic and market studies,

  • Bio-economic modeling of aquaculture productions and,

  • Preparation of guidelines on aquaculture development.

2 develop small water bodies fishery through aquaculture
2) Develop small water bodies fishery through aquaculture


  • Improve local capacity to construct and manage small water bodies for improved fish production, crop irrigation and animal husbandry.


  • Inventory of SWB

  • Identification and selection of fishing gears and seasons for SWB,

  • Stocking of SWB

  • Establish local community SWB management entities

  • Screen different management plans for SWB

  • Build capacity.

6 cultured fish species
6. Cultured fish species

Cultured local fish species

  • Tilapia Nilotica,

  • Tilapia Zilli and,

  • Carp (common and grass carp)

7 beneficiaries and impact
7.Beneficiaries and impact

  • Small holder fish farmers,

  • Private investors,

  • Traders (input and out put )

  • Governments,

  • Consumers,

  • Researchers,

  • Development workers,

  • Students

  • High learning institutions etc…

7 implementation
7. Implementation

  • 4 Regional Governments,

  • 3 Districts per region,

  • 3 Villages in clusters approach each district,

  • 30 Farmers per village, of them 5 are women HH,

  • 1080 model farmers will be participating in the demonstration.

8 major output
8. Major Output

  • Aquaculture extension package and materials will be produced,

  • Effective access to aquaculture inputs and opened up,

  • Capacity building; Such as production /collection and distribution of fry/fingerlings established,

  • Target groups for fish farming identified and supported,

  • Private sectors motivated and involved in aquaculture activities.

9 budget and duration
9. Budget and Duration

  • The total USD 2,672,250,

  • 80 % of total project cost goes for hatchery establishment.

  • Duration: 2 years

Farmer pond
Farmer pond

Pictures of Current aquaculture practice