Ministry of rural development and land reform
Download
1 / 42

MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 839 Views
  • Updated On :

MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM. Comprehensive Rural Development Programme (CRDP). PRESENTATION TO THE AD HOC COMMITTEE ON COORDINATED OVERSIGHT ON SERVICE DELIVERY PUBLIC HEARINGS: COORDINATED SERVICE DELIVERY 2 February 2010.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM' - ryanadan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Ministry of rural development and land reform l.jpg

MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM

Comprehensive Rural Development Programme (CRDP)

PRESENTATION TO THE AD HOC COMMITTEE ON COORDINATED OVERSIGHT ON SERVICE DELIVERY

PUBLIC HEARINGS: COORDINATED SERVICE DELIVERY

2 February 2010


Outcome 7 vibrant equitable and sustainable rural communities and food security for all l.jpg

Outcome 7 VIBRANT, EQUITABLE AND SUSTAINABLE RURAL COMMUNITIES AND FOOD SECURITY FOR ALL


Presentation outline l.jpg
PRESENTATION OUTLINE

  • Purpose

  • Strategic Planning Framework linked to M&E Outcomes

  • Definition of rural areas

  • Challenges facing rural areas

  • Macro rural development process

  • Job creation

  • Strategies for promoting vibrant rural communities and food security for all

  • Key Outputs for Outcomes

  • Coordination and integration

  • Way forward

  • Recommendations

  • Annexure 1


Purpose l.jpg
PURPOSE

  • Outlines the approach to implementing the Comprehensive Rural Development Programme (CRDP).

  • Identifies and discusses key outputs and actions towards achieving vibrant, equitable and sustainable rural communities and food security for all.

  • Provides a sample of contribution of other cluster outcomes and programmes in promoting vibrant, equitable and sustainable rural communities and food security for all.

  • Informed by the Framework for the CRDP, the draft Green Paper on Agrarian Transformation and Land Reform and lessons from other local and international programmes.


Strategic planning framework l.jpg
STRATEGIC PLANNING FRAMEWORK

Vision

Vibrant, sustainable and equitable rural communities

Strategy

Agrarian transformation, meaning the ‘rapid and fundamental change in the relations (systems and patterns of ownership and control) of land, livestock, cropping and community’

Strategic Objective

Social cohesion and development


Slide6 l.jpg

6


Slide7 l.jpg

Actions/Activities

Targetedoutputs

Actions/Activities

Monitoring and evaluation:

Comparison of expected and actual outputs

Corrective measures

Back into the system

Actual outputs

Loop-back into the system

Assessment of impact

7


Definition of rural areas l.jpg
DEFINITION OF RURAL AREAS

The Rural Development Framework, adopted by the Government in 1997, defined rural areas as:

  • “Sparsely populated areas in which people farm or depend on natural resources, including villages and small towns that are dispersed throughout these areas.

  • They include large settlements in the former homelands, created by apartheid removals, which depend on migratory labour and remittances for their survival.”

  • “Rurality”refers to a way of life, a state of mind and a culture which revolves around land, livestock, cropping and community.


Challenges facing rural areas l.jpg
CHALLENGES FACING RURAL AREAS

Lessons from the CRDP sites indicate that the challenges of rural areas include the following:

  • Under utilisation and/or unsustainable use of natural resources

  • poor or lack of access to socio-economic infrastructure and services, public amenities and government services (e.g. industrial parks lying idle especially in the former homeland areas)

  • lack of access to water or lack of water sources for both household and agricultural development

  • low literacy, skills levels and migratory labour practices


Challenges facing rural areas continued l.jpg
CHALLENGES FACING RURAL AREAS continued

  • decay of the social fabric (child/woman headed households, crime, family disputes and lack of Ubuntu)

  • death of cultural progress

  • unresolved restitution and land tenure issues

  • townships not formally established thus hindering service provision and development

  • dependence on social grants and other forms of social security

  • unexploited opportunities in agriculture, tourism, mining and manufacturing


Macro rural development process l.jpg
MACRO RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

Strategy:

Agrarian transformation,

Meaning the rapid & fundamental

change in the Relations

(patterns of ownership &

control) of land, livestock,

cropping & community.

Strategic Objective:

Social cohesion & development

Strategic Planning Framework

Political Mandate and

Ministerial Leadership

Step 1: OUTCOMES

RD

Framework

  • Political Mandate: Ruling Party

  • Creation of decent work & sustainable livelihoods

  • Education

  • Health

  • Rural development, food security & land reform

  • Fight against crime & corruption

  • Government

  • Speeding up growth & transforming the economy to create decent work & sustainable livelihoods

  • Massive programme to build economic & social infrastructure

  • Comprehensive rural development strategy linked to land and agrarian reform and food security

  • Strengthen the skills & human resource base

  • Improve the health profile of all South Africans

  • Intensify the fight against crime & corruption

  • Build cohesive, caring & sustainable communities

  • Pursuing African advancement & advance the international cooperation

  • Sustainable resource management & use

  • Building a developmental state including improvement of public services & strengthening of democratic institutions

Step 2: INPUTS

Mandated and planned integrated RD projects

Step 3: OPERATIONAL

PLAN (targeted outputs)

  • Strategic Functions (Back Office)

  • Support Services

  • Financial Services

  • Land Reform & Restitution

  • Geo-spatial Services, Technology Development & Disaster Management

  • Social, Technical, Rural Livelihoods & Institutional Facilitation

  • Rural Infrastructure Development

  • Enterprise Development and Food security

  • Special Services

Implemented RD projects

  • Strategic objectives

  • Outputs / KPAs

  • Tasks

  • Demand of task

  • Activities

  • Indicators

  • Cost per activity

  • Mode of delivery

Step 4: IMPLEMENTATION

(actual outputs)

Vibrant & sustainable rural

communities

Feedback

  • Project determination

  • Project design / job specifications

  • Bills quantities

  • Procurement of goods and services (SCM)

  • Social mobilisation and organisation (selection)

  • Project plans (Directors take control) measurable, timed, area-based & costed

  • Project implementation (on the job training) led by Deputy Directors, Assistant Directors & supervisors

Step 5: STAKEHOLDER

FEEDBACK (assessment

of quality & impact)

  • Loop-back to the system via ops

Step 6: MONITORING &

EVALUATION

  • Comparison of planned vs. actual outputs

  • Corrective measures

  • Back to step 3 or step 1 (targeted outputs)

Environment/Beneficiary Feedback


Job creation annexure 1 l.jpg
JOB CREATION (Annexure 1)

Job creation through CRDP initiatives is central to achieving vibrant rural communities and food security for all.

Key Activities:

  • Profiling households to determine their needs, skills and employability (National Integrated Social Information System)

  • Identification of employment creation opportunities in line with planned interventions (e.g. rural infrastructure projects) and opportunities in neighboring areas

  • Targeted training and development in line with identified job creation opportunities - basic technical skills


Job creation continued l.jpg
JOB CREATION continued

  • Place one member of household per job on a two-year contract in line with the EPWP and contributing a percentage of income to households

  • Community organised and participate in cooperative development initiatives and local opportunities

  • Operational groups of 20 per co-operative/enterprise

  • Evaluate impact


Strategies for promoting vibrant rural communities food security for all l.jpg
STRATEGIES FOR PROMOTING VIBRANT RURAL COMMUNITIES & FOOD SECURITY FOR ALL

  • Social mobilisation of rural communities to take initiatives

  • Strategic investments in economic and social infrastructure

  • Increased economic activity and rural livelihoods

  • Sustainable land and agrarian reform


Vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all l.jpg
VIBRANT, EQUITABLE, SUSTAINABLE RURAL COMMUNITIES & FOOD SECURITY FOR ALL

Outputs:

  • Sustainable land reform,

  • Food security for all

  • Rural development and sustainable livelihoods

  • Job creation linked to skills training


Progress since april 2009 l.jpg
PROGRESS SINCE APRIL 2009 SECURITY FOR ALL

  • The CRDP has been rolled out in 8 of the 9 provinces

  • Some key deliverables to date include social and economic infrastructure to support development; establishment of community structures; establishment of co-operatives; establishment of the Council of Stakeholders (promote integrated delivery with govermnet and community)

  • Spatial analyses have been completed in all 8 sites

  • Co-ordinating structures have been set up in all 8 provinces with MEC’s being nominated by the Premier to act as champions with the DRDLR of the CRDP


Proposed number of households to be supported by the crdp by 2014 l.jpg
Proposed Number of Households to be supported by the CRDP by 2014

Impact of the CRDP by 2014 (number of people)


Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all l.jpg
Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

1. Sustainable Land Reform

Decent Employment

Inclusive Economic Growth

1

2

  • Employ-ment

  • Income Level

  • Economic Growth

  • Equality

  • Action

  • Review Land Tenure System

1

  • Activity Indicators

  • Sample Activities

  • Agree on forms of land ownership (free hold title, leasing, communal, etc) as this impacts on the land use patterns

  • Amend ESTA/LTA/PIE and CPA legislation

  • Develop dispute resolution mechanisms to deal with disputes between traditional institutions, land owners and land reform beneficiaries

    • Green Paper 31 May 2010

    • White Paper March 2011

    • Policy and legislation on land tenure in place by March 2012

    • Draft Legislation amending ESTA/LTA/PIE and CPA submitted to Cabinet by March 2011

  • `

  • 2

    • Action

    • Acquire and Redistribute strategically located land aligned to budget allocation

    • Number of hectares acquired and redistributed by 2014 (1,8m ha’s)

    • Number of hectares transferred through settlement of land claims

    • including restitution

    • Sample Activities

    • Set land ceilings for different types of land uses.

    • Review Land Acquisition instruments

    • Create strategic partnerships (management, mentoring, skills transfer with organised agric)

    • Utilise developmental grant in line with CRDP principle

    • Activity Indicators

    22


    Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all23 l.jpg
    Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

    2. Food Security for all

    Decent Employment

    Inclusive Economic Growth

    1

    2

    • Employ-ment

    • Income Level

    • Economic Growth

    • Equality

    • Action

    • Recapitalization and development of farms in distress, acquired since 1994

    1

    • Activity Indicators

    • Sample Activities

    • Facilitate joint programmes with DAFF

    • Business Plan in terms of CRDP model

    • Social profiling conducted

    • Promote and support rural co-operatives and community initiatives as vehicles for local economic development .

    • Utilize development grants in line with CRDP principle

    • Create strategic partnerships (management, mentoring, skills transfer with organized agric)

    • Establishment and support of rural cooperatives and initiatives

    • Credible development plans in place on all farms

    • Functional agricultural infrastructure, mechanization provided to improve productivity on identified farms (fencing, irrigation, dipping tanks, and livestock)

    • % Increase in productivity levels on these farms

    • No need for further recapitalization on identified farms by 2014

    • Number of farms with positive gross value

    • Increase in number of employees as a result of increased productivity

    • 0,5% contribution by recapitalized farms to agriculture GDP from year 5

    23


    Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all24 l.jpg
    Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

    2. Food Security for all

    Decent Employment

    Inclusive Economic Growth

    1

    2

    • Employ-ment

    • Income Level

    • Economic Growth

    • Equality

    2

    • Action

    • Develop community , institutional and school gardens

    • Activity Indicators

    • Sample Activities

    • Establish Village School Gardens linked to food security, agriculture, health and education

    • Promote and support rural co-operatives and community initiatives as vehicles for local economic development .

    • Establish strategic partnerships (management, mentoring, skills transfer with organized agric)

    • Establishment and support of rural cooperatives and initiatives

    • Conduct audit and needs analysis report of institutions (schools, churches, and clinics) by 31 March 2010

    • Provide infrastructure for vegetable gardens (fencing, inputs, implements)

    • Facilitate establishment of local markets

    • Increased agricultural production (DAFF)

    • 60% of rural schools have school gardens by 2014

    • 40% of public/community institutions (churches, clinics) have gardens by 2014

    • Audit of all schools and churches, clinics completed by 31 March 2010

    • Every household with a productive garden, crop field and chicken-run on all CRDP sites (160 sites)

    24


    Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all25 l.jpg
    Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

    2. Food Security for all

    Decent Employment

    Inclusive Economic Growth

    1

    2

    • Employ-ment

    • Income Level

    • Economic Growth

    • Equality

    3

    • Action

    • Establishment of Agri-parks

    • Activity Indicators

    • Sample Activities

    • Facilitate market development and trade (DAFF and DTI)

    • Procure factory designs for agri-park

    • Establish strategic partnerships

    • Procure equipment for food processing plants

    • Establish co operatives to support agri-parks

    • Secure non state markets for agri-park products

    • One Agri-Park per district across the country by 2014 (53)

    • Number of participating enterprises in the Agri-Parks (4 per Agri-Park)

    • Number of trade agreements entered into with markets (1 per Agri-Park )

    25


    Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all26 l.jpg
    Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

    3. Rural Development and Sustainable Livelihoods

    Decent Employment

    Inclusive Economic Growth

    1

    2

    • Employ-ment

    • Income Level

    • Economic Growth

    • Equality

    • Action

    • Develop Rural Infrastructure

    1

    • Activity Indicators

    • Sample Activities

    • Conduct a study of developmental linkages between rural towns and surrounding communities

    • Facilitate the construction/ rehabilitation of social, economic, ICT and public amenities infrastructure

    • Facilitate joint infrastructure programmes with relevant stakeholders including detailed implementation schedules

    • Establish e-centres in all sites

    • Facilitate community access to data networks to access business and internet services

    • Forge partnerships with private and public institutions for delivery of ICT infrastructure

    • Study indicating developmental linkages between rural towns and surrounding communities completed by 31 March 2010

    • Existing irrigations schemes revitalized (DAFF)

    • Improved access to water for smallholder farmers (DAFF and DWAE)

    • 1 clinic per CRDP site (160)

    • % household access to communication networks(internet, broadcast media, cellular/landline/hardware/ software) in CRDP sites(50%)

    • Basic social, economic and ICT infrastructure in place on all CRDP sites –160 sites

    • Number of joint infrastructure programmes facilitated with relevant departments (transport, Water, energy, agriculture, housing, etc)

    • % reduction in rural infrastructure backlog

    • 2010 Soccer World Cup – Viewing Parks on CRDP sites across the country (15)

    • Alternative energy solutions implemented in all CRDP sites (160)

    26


    Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all27 l.jpg
    Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

    3. Rural Development and Sustainable Livelihoods

    Decent Employment

    Inclusive Economic Growth

    1

    2

    • Employ-ment

    • Income Level

    • Economic Growth

    • Equality

    • Action

    • Natural Resource Conservation

    2

    • Activity Indicators

    • Sample Activities

    • Establish partnerships with relevant sector departments and municipalities

    • Establish a research body of stakeholders to deal with R & D in rural areas

    • Establish waste management cooperatives in each municipalities within CRDP sites

    • Implement capacity building programmes in all sites

    • Complete assessment of all CRDP sites (environment, natural resources, knowledge systems) and implement recommendation

    • Implementation plans for natural resource management in place and operational (land, water, energy, forestry etc.) (DAFF, COGTA, DWAE)

    • All municipalities within CRDP sites have Environmental Management Plans in place and operational as part of IDP’s

    • Waste management plans implemented in all municipalities with CRDP sites (Green policing/skills transfer)

    • Number of joint programmes developed for natural resource management

    27


    Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all28 l.jpg
    Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

    3. Rural Development and Sustainable Livelihoods

    Decent Employment

    Inclusive Economic Growth

    1

    2

    • Employ-ment

    • Income Level

    • Economic Growth

    • Equality

    • Action

    • Disaster Mitigation and Management

    2

    • Activity Indicators

    • Sample Activities

    • Establish credible disaster management plans in partnership(emergency services) with relevant sector departments, provinces and municipalities (DAFF, COGTA – Disaster Management)

    • Analysis of all CRDP sites, specifically in terms of soil erosion and risk (dongas)

    • Develop prevention strategies linked to early warning systems

    • Include Disaster management and Resource Management as part of ABET curricula

    • Adaptation strategy developed to address rural disaster management

    • Partnership agreements established with sector departments and municipalities (1 per District)

    • Rapid response to disasters that are reported

    • Disaster Management desk established within ThusongCentres/MPCC’s (1 per CRDP site)

    28


    Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all29 l.jpg
    Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

    4. JOB CREATION AND SKILLS TRAINING

    Decent Employment

    Inclusive Economic Growth

    1

    2

    • Employ-ment

    • Income Level

    • Economic Growth

    • Equality

    • Action

    • Implement Job Creation Model

    1

    • Activity Indicators

    • Sample Activities

    • Identify social, economic and cultural needs

    • Conduct household and community profiling to determine needs and skills levels

    • Identify individual per household to be employed (2yr period)

    • Implement capacity building programmes (skills training)

    • Engage Agriculture, Forestry, Fishery Sectors for employment opportunities

    • Facilitate access to fresh produce markets (DAFF)

    • Increased number of commercial farm employees (DAFF)

    • Increased % of small farmers producing for market

    • Increased number of employees in agro-processing

    • Jobs through working for forests, fire and woodlands through land care programmes (DAFF)

    • 160 wards with active CRDP sites by 2014

    • Number of jobs created on Land Reform farms

    • 1 member per household employed in all CRDP wards for two years (estimation of 2000HH per ward) (number of wards ) (320 000 people)

    • Number of entrepreneurs developed

    • Number of community members trained

    29


    Outcome 7 vibrant equitable sustainable rural communities food security for all30 l.jpg
    Outcome 7: Vibrant, Equitable, Sustainable Rural Communities & Food Security for All

    4. JOB CREATION AND SKILLS TRAINING

    Decent Employment

    Inclusive Economic Growth

    1

    2

    • Employ-ment

    • Income Level

    • Economic Growth

    • Equality

    • Action

    • Training and Capacity building

    2

    • Activity Indicators

    • Sample Activities

    • Identify social, economic and cultural needs

    • Conduct household and community profiling to determine needs and skills levels

    • Develop training programmes aligned to enterprises

    • Implement capacity building programmes (skills training)

    • Number of entrepreneurs developed

    • Number of community members trained

    • Number of enterprises established

    • Number of co-operatives established

    30


    Coordination integration l.jpg
    COORDINATION & INTEGRATION & Food Security for All

    The success depends on:

    • Actions and commitments of relevant sector departments within all the spheres of government

    • joint planning, resource allocation and implementation of agreed rural initiatives

    • partnership with local government and alignment with Integrated Development Plans (IDP)

    • increased Public Private Partnerships in support of rural development

    • enhanced role of traditional leaders, NGOs and civil society in the implementation of the CRDP.


    Way forward l.jpg
    WAY FORWARD & Food Security for All

    Further work is still required in:

    • Refining the lessons from the CRDP sites to inform policy

    • finalising the policy on the Comprehensive Rural Development Programme

    • aligning national and provincial rural development plans and implementation

      • establish intergovernmental implementation protocols to ensure integrated implementation of the CRDP

      • agree on timeframes and indicators

  • finalise outcomes, activities and related measurement indicators


  • Conclusion l.jpg
    Conclusion & Food Security for All

    • We derive our Mandate and Strategic Direction from the Manifesto of the ruling party and the Priorities of the MTSF 2009

    • Our vision is to see vibrant and sustainable rural communities; the CRDP is the vehicle that will take us there;

    • The pilots in Giyani (Limpopo), Riemvasmaak (NC) and other Provinces will enable us to come up with an evidence based integrated approach to the CRDP

    • We need commitment and cooperation from other State Departments, Municipalities and other relevant and critical Stakeholders, including NGOs, DFIs, Research Institutions .

    • Must share available resources, reprioritize and optimize use of available resources (human and financial);

      “Working together we can do more”,


    Annexure 1 the job creation model l.jpg

    Annexure 1 & Food Security for AllThe Job Creation Model


    Slide35 l.jpg

    CRDP CONCEPT & Food Security for All

    To be headed by a Strategic / Development Management Unit.

    (DDG: Support Services to include Corporate Services, CFO, SD&M)

    • AGRARIAN TRANSFORMATION

      • LandLivestockCroppingCommodity

    Agrarian transformation

    is the rapid fundamental

    change in the relations

    of land, livestock, cropping & community.

    RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

    RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    Economic infrastructure

    Social infrastructurePublic amenities & facilities

    ICT infrastructure

    LAND REFORM

    Land tenureRedistributionRestitutionStrategic land reform interventions

    STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE: SOCIAL COHESION AND DEVELOPMENT


    Slide36 l.jpg

    CRDP CONCEPT & Food Security for All

    SOCIAL, TECHNICAL & INSTITUTIONAL FACILITATION (DDG)

    Rural livelihoods & food security

    General

    Manager

    General

    Manager

    General

    Manager

    General

    Manager

    Para-something

    (bicycle, laptop, cell phone)

    Para-something

    (bicycle, laptop, cell phone)

    Para-something

    (bicycle, laptop, cell phone)

    Para-something

    (bicycle, laptop, cell phone)

    f r o m t h e c o m m u n i t y

    transfer of skills

    transfer of skills

    o p e r a t i o n a l b a s e

    (baseline information, needs analysis / projects)


    Job creation model l.jpg

    JOB CREATION MODEL & Food Security for All


    Phase ii l.jpg
    Phase II & Food Security for All


    Phase iii l.jpg
    Phase III & Food Security for All


    Impact l.jpg

    Phase I & Food Security for All

    Could be regarded as an incubator or nursery stage of the programme - meeting basic human needs as driver

    Phase III

    Is the stage of the emergence of industrial and financial sectors - driven by small, micro and medium enterprises and village markets

    Impact

    Phase II

    Could be regarded as the entrepreneurial development stage - relatively large-scale infrastructure development as driver

    VIBRANT, EQUITABLE AND SUSTAINABLE RURAL COMMUNITIES


    Crdp management systems l.jpg
    CRDP & Food Security for All MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    MINISTER OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM

    DEPARTMENT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND LAND REFORM

    Programme Development, policy and legislation development and Coordination

    Stakeholder commitments

    OFFICE OF THE PREMIER

    CRDP Champion (MEC with rural development function)

    Stakeholder commitments

    COUNCIL OF STAKEHOLDERS

    (Organs of civil society, government, business, co-operatives, beneficiaries, workers, community development workers, traditional institutions, etc.)

    Conditionalities, code of conduct & disciplinary panel

    Household Co-operatives & other enterprises (groups of 20)

    SOCIAL COHESION AND DEVELOPMENT


    Slide42 l.jpg

    Thank you! & Food Security for AllMr Thozi GwanyaDG: Rural Development and Land ReformEmail: TTGwanya@ruraldevelopment.gov.zaWebsite: www.ruraldevelopment.gov.zaTel: 012 312 8503

    “Working together we can do more by improving the quality of life for all our people living in rural areas”