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The Psychodynamic Model. www.psychlotron.org.uk. Main assumptions: Psychological disorders are caused by emotional problems in the unconscious mind The causes of these emotional problems can usually be traced back to early childhood

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the psychodynamic model
The Psychodynamic Model

www.psychlotron.org.uk

  • Main assumptions:
    • Psychological disorders are caused by emotional problems in the unconscious mind
    • The causes of these emotional problems can usually be traced back to early childhood
    • The relationship between child and parents is a crucial determinant of mental health
the unconscious mind

Thoughts

Perceptions

Memories

Stored knowledge

Fears

Unacceptable sexual desires

Violent motives

Irrational wishes

Immoral urges

Selfish needs

Shameful experiences

Traumatic experiences

The conscious. The small amount of mental activity we know about.

The preconscious. Things we could be aware of if we wanted or tried.

The unconscious. Things we are unaware of and can not become aware of.

Bad

Worse

Really Bad

The Unconscious Mind

www.psychlotron.org.uk

the psyche

Id:

Instincts

Ego:

Reality

Superego:

Morality

The Psyche

www.psychlotron.org.uk

healthy psyche
Healthy Psyche

www.psychlotron.org.uk

OK Guys – I’m in charge. Anything you want has to go through me.

OK.

OK.

Ego

Id

Superego

neurotic psyche
Neurotic Psyche

www.psychlotron.org.uk

Listen up! I’m in charge, and you are not here to enjoy yourselves. Get ready for a double-size portion of anxiety with a side order of guilt!

No fun.

>whimper<

Superego

Id

Ego

psychotic psyche
Psychotic Psyche

www.psychlotron.org.uk

Sex! Food! Drink! Drugs! NOW!

Who turned out the lights?

Id

Ego

Superego

psychopathic psyche
Psychopathic Psyche

www.psychlotron.org.uk

OK. First, gimme food. Then I want sex – lots of it and I don’t particularly care whether it’s with a willing partner. Then I want to hurt people. Badly. Probably be hungry again after that so…

OK then. Let’s go.

defence mechanisms
Defence Mechanisms

www.psychlotron.org.uk

  • Unacceptable (latent) motives are channeled into more acceptable (manifest) thoughts and actions

Aggression

Sexual desire for parent

Masturbation

Playing with faeces

Sport

Sexual desire for partner

Guitar playing

Pottery

psychological disorders
Psychological Disorders

www.psychlotron.org.uk

  • Psychological disorders are defence mechanisms against repressed emotional problems and impulses
  • The symptoms of a disorder have a hidden meaning that can be decoded
psychological disorders10
Psychological Disorders

www.psychlotron.org.uk

Depression

Aggression against the parents turned back in on the self

Anxiety

Fear of something (e.g. sex) that is projected onto something innocuous