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Dr. Nihad Almughany

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University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 1 st Semester 2008 -2009. Introduction to Interior Design ( EAGD 3217 ) Lecture 6 FURNITURE DESIGN. Dr. Nihad Almughany. 1. 1. CONTENTS. 1- Aims.

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University of Palestine

Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning

Dept. of Architecture

1st Semester 2008 -2009

Introduction to Interior Design ( EAGD 3217 )

Lecture 6

FURNITURE DESIGN

Dr. Nihad Almughany

1

1

contents
CONTENTS

1- Aims.

2- Review of Last Lecture ( Design of Interior Spaces ).

3-Factors Affecting Furniture Design

4- Classification of Furniture:

A- According to Function

B- According to Construction Method

C- According to Location

D- According to Material

5- Wooden Furniture

6- Metal Furniture

7- Comparison Between Wooden and Metal Furniture

8- Furniture Design Criteria

9- Furniture Styles

10- Conclusion

2

1 aims
1- AIMS

3

3

  • This lecture aims to:
    • Review of the last lecture ( Design of interior spaces).
    • Highlight the importance of furniture design.
    • Indicate the furniture design principles, tools and construction techniques.
2 review of the last lecture
2- REVIEW OF THE LAST LECTURE

- FACTORS AFFECTING THE DESIGN OF AN INTERIOR SPACE.

- VALUABLE INTERIOR SPACE.

- INTERIOR SPACE IN TRADITIONAL PALESTINIAN HOME.

  • DESIGN CRITERIA OF INTERIOR SPACES:
    • Lobby
    • Living rooms
    • Kitchens
    • Bedrooms
    • Offices
    • Bathrooms, WCs
    • Others

4

3 factors affecting furniture design
3-Factors Affecting Furniture Design :
  • Furniture function / s .
  • Material .
  • Location ( interior – exterior ) .
  • Concept .
  • Style .
4 classification of furniture a according to function
4- Classification of Furniture: A- According to Function
  • Home furniture
    • Kitchen cabinets, dining table and seats, coaches, chairs, beds, closets, accessories, etc
  • Office furniture
    • Desks, cabinets, shelves, shelf cabinets, seats, tables, meeting tables and seats, etc.
  • Hospital furniture
    • Beds, surgery room furniture, rolling tables , etc.
4 classification of furniture a according to function cont
4- Classification of Furniture: A- According to Function ( cont. )
  • School furniture :
    • Desks, seats, cabinets, boards, hangers, labs, library shelves and tables, etc.
  • Other building types furniture : Libraries, museums, theatres, restaurants, coffees, industrial, agricultural buildings, etc… .
4 classification of furniture b according to construction method
4- Classification of Furniture: B- According to Construction Method:
  • Fixed furniture:
    • Strong but heavy and difficult to carry or move.
    • Appropriate to some functions as in public spaces.
  • Mobile furniture:
    • Easy to move, to carry and change.
    • Appropriate for some functions as in domestic spaces.
4 classification of furniture c according to location

Internal Furniture ( Indoors )

External Furniture ( Outdoors )

Gardens Furniture

4- Classification of Furniture: C- According to Location:
  • Internal Furniture (Indoors)
    • Different interior spaces in housing, offices, educational and other buildings.
  • External Furniture (Outdoors)
    • Public spaces, streetscape, etc..
    • Garden furniture.
4 classification of furniture d according to material
4- Classification of Furniture: D- According to Material:
  • Wooden furniture
    • Natural wood
    • Manufactured wood
  • Bamboo furniture
  • Metal furniture
  • Plastic and acrylic furniture
  • Glass furniture
  • Combined furniture
5 wooden furniture
5- Wooden Furniture:
  • Furniture from natural wood for doors, tables, chairs, closets and others : ( Zaan, Suaid, Mahagony, …etc.)
  • Furniture from Manufactured wood :
    • Ply wood ( laminated by different kinds of materials and colors )
    • MDF for beds, closets, desks, cabinets, tables, etc .
    • Others.
  • Furniture from Bamboo for chairs, tables, shelves and others .
6 metal furniture
6- Metal Furniture:
  • Most familiar metals :
    • Steel: used for all kind of furniture and covered by different materials especially wood and leather .
    • Aluminum : used for many furniture items especially cabinets and tables .
    • Copper and Bronze : used for antiquities.
  • Combined by other materials such as glass, acrylic and wood
7 comparison between wooden and metal furniture
7- Comparison Between Wooden and Metal Furniture:
  • Design :
    • Wood : limited shapes
    • Metal : flexibility in forming and shape
  • Weight
    • Wood : heavy
    • Metal : could be light ( Aluminum )
  • Firefighting
    • Wood: easy to burn
    • Metal : Does not burn easily
  • Cleanness :
    • Wood : could be cleaned but it is difficult to use water / A material liked by insects that hide in .
    • Metal : Easy to clean by water and it is not a field for insects
  • Shape and looking :
    • Wood : Fixed shape
    • Metal : Could have different shapes using colors and paints
  • Construction :
    • Wood : Complicated using glue and nails
    • Metal : Could be fixed and unfixed easily
  • Safety :
    • Wood : Needs efforts to be smooth and easy to scratch.
    • Metal : smooth surfaces and bears scratch / could be used for multi-loch doors .
8 furniture design criteria
8- Furniture Design Criteria:
  • Functional
  • Comfortable
  • Strong and Durable
  • Matches the Style of the space enclosed.
  • Beautiful and amusing
  • Safe
9 furniture styles
9- Furniture Styles:
  • The most familiar styles are:
  • Classic .
  • Modern .
  • Post modern.
  • Local

- Arabic – Islamic.

- Indian .

- Italian .

- American .

- Etc.

7 conclusion
7- CONCLUSION
  • Furniture design is of vital importance in the design of interior and exterior spaces.
  • Furniture design depends on many factors.
  • Furniture should be functional, beautiful, strong, durable, comfortable, safe and matches the style of the space enclosed.
  • Furniture could be classified either by function, construction technique, location or material.
  • Furniture could be manufactured by a variety of materials such as wood, metal, plastic and others.
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