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Dr. Nihad Almughany

University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture, Interior Design & Planning. Theory of Architecture ( EADP 222 ) Lecture 1. Dr. Nihad Almughany.

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Dr. Nihad Almughany

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  1. University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture, Interior Design & Planning Theory of Architecture ( EADP 222 ) Lecture 1 Dr. Nihad Almughany Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  2. Part I : PRINCIPLES OF ARCHITECTURAL PROCESSLecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity • Theoriy of Architecture : • A theoritical , scientific, criticism and phylosophical explanation and discussions for all issues related to architecture. It is a linking for all materials that the student takes in his/her studies. By understanding the theories of architecture , the student gains a conception and capability to judge, criticise and soundly assess. Therefore, the student will be more capable to solve architectural problems and projects that he/she faces and to initiate an original architecture that is suitable for the surrounding conditions . Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  3. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • FIELDS OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN ( BUILDING TYPES: • Residential buildings : individual, detached, housing projects …etc • Work buildings : institutional, administrative, commercial, industrial, health, educational, services • Transportation buildings : stations, airports, cross borders ..etc • Sports buildings : playgrounds, stadiums, …etc Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  4. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : *FIELDS OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN ( BUILDING TYPES ( cont.): • Recreational buildings: clubs, theatres, casinos, ..etc. • Worship buildings: mosques, churches, …etc. • Monumental buildings: triumphal vault, tombs, cemeteries, ..etc • Military buildings: camps, fortresses, ..etc. • Civil structures: storages, bridges, water tanks,…etc • Interior design and exterior design . Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  5. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • BUILDING ELEMENTS: • Functional elements: rooms and functional spaces • Circulation elements :approach, walks, links between buildings, colonnades, porch, portico, gallery, entrance hall, lobby, corridor, stairs, lefts, escalators • Service elements : service court, servants and guards rooms, laundry, garages, storages. • Ventilation elements : open court, inner court, balconies, windows, ventilation shaft. Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  6. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : * BUILDING ELEMENTS ( cont. ) • Structural elements :walls, foundations, columns, slabs, domes, vaults, trusses, shells • Beauty elements : external surfaces, fences, roofs, interiors, gardens • Safety elements : Protection from climate (external surfaces, sheds) , protection from seeing ( curtains, walls trees ), protection from dangers ( fire escape, shelters, doors ) * NOTE : One building element could play many functions Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  7. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • ARCHITECTURAL CREATIVITY : • Creativity means thinking differently and producing unusual and creative ideas and solutions for architectural problems. • Creative solutions could be in all or some of building process Design, Construction or Operation. Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  8. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • CONDITIONS SHOULD BE AVAILABLE IN BUILDINGS: • First : Utility ( Functionalism ): • Measures and dimensions of spaces and furniture. • Sun and Ventilation. • Functional relationships . • Lighting . • Relationship with the surroundings . Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  9. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • CONDITIONS SHOULD BE AVAILABLE IN BUILDINGS: • Second : Firmness ( Strength ): • Building loads • Wind pressure. • Vibrations. • Earthquakes. • Wear and tear. • Decay. • Building materials. • Building and material specifications. Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  10. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • CONDITIONS SHOULD BE AVAILABLE IN BUILDINGS: • Third : Beauty : • Form . • Composition. • Use of glorious materials. • Texture. • Colors. • Ornaments and decoration. • Scale and proportions. Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  11. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • CONDITIONS SHOULD BE AVAILABLE IN BUILDINGS: • Fourth : Economy • Simplicity. • Accurate spaces • Suitable materials • Building shape and form • Construction techniques. • Efficiency . • Speed. Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  12. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • STAGES OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: • Analytical studies ( subject, program, site ) • Site visit ( site investigation- surroundings ). • Elementary design (depends on the studies done, concept ). • Architectural drawings . • Discussion with the owner and owner feed in. • Working drawings. Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

  13. Lecture 1: Architectural Elements, design process and creativity:ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : • FACTORS AFFECTING ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: • Physical Factors: geographical, geological, climatic. • Social and Civic Factors: social, religious, historical. • Science: materials, technology, structural analysis. • Industry: • Economy: Dr. Nihad Almughany- Theory of Architecture

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