slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Dr. Nihad Almughany PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Dr. Nihad Almughany

play fullscreen
1 / 32
Download Presentation

Dr. Nihad Almughany - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

terena
124 Views
Download Presentation

Dr. Nihad Almughany

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 3nd Semester 2007 -2008 Introduction to Interior Design ( EAGD 3217 ) Lecture 3 HISTORY OF INTERIOR DESIGN Dr. Nihad Almughany 1 1 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  2. CONTENTS • 1- AIMS. • 2- REVIEW OF LAST LECTURES ( NOTION OF INTERIOR DESIGN ). • 3- HISTORY OF INTERIOR DESIGN • 3.1- ANCIENT TIMES. • 3.2- THE RENAISSANCE • 3.3- THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. • 3.4- ART NOUVEAUE. • 3.5- THE MODERN MOVEMENT • 4- CONCLUSION. 2 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  3. 1- AIMS 3 3 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design • This lecture aims to: • Review of the last lectures ( Notion of Interior Design). • Highlight the history of interior design and development through ages. • Learn about some famous names of interior designers through the ages.

  4. 2- REVIEW OF THE LAST LECTURES • Definition of Architecture. • Definition of Interior Design. • Comparison between Architecture, Interior Design and Decoration. • Interior Design Profession. • Relationship to other fields. • Required skills and knowledge. • Elements of interior spaces. • Means of organization of interior spaces. 4 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  5. 3- HISTORY OF INTERIOR DESIGN • The history of interior design was shaped by artistic, economic, and technological revolutions throughout history. • The history of interior design stretches back to ancient times; as long as there have been homes to live in, elements of interior design have existed in some rudimentary form. • However, the major developments in the history of interior design were far apart and resulted in large changes almost at once. • The following is a brief history of interior design in the following eras: • - Ancient times • - Renaissance • - Industrial Revolution • - Art Nouveau • - Modern movement 5 5 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  6. 3.1- ANCIENT TIMES: • In ancient times, there is evidence that interior design was important to the Egyptians and Romans. Of course, at this point in the history of interior design, it was restricted to the very wealthy. • The Egyptians, lavishly decorated tombs for the pharaohs, which were designed both as a final resting place and to have comforts for the pharaoh in the next life. • At the homes of Egyptians from the very earliest time of their civilization, you would be struck with the type of furnishings they used, and even the ceilings as well as columns were very elaborate, which only shows that the history of interior design goes a long way back in time. 6 6 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  7. Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  8. 3.1- ANCIENT TIMES: • From the Romans, we have evidence that they carefully planned their rooms around the way that they would be used, which is a key part of modern interior design. Wealthy Romans, for instance, would have separate living rooms for summer and winter seasons, designed based on optimal comfort during the warm and cold months.   • Both the Romans an the Egyptians, of course, did take some care to participate in interior decorating as well, another important feature in interior design. Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  9. 3.1- ANCIENT TIMES: • Home decorating already then reflected the population's values, philosophy and love of beauty and comfort. The amazing frescoes and incredibly refined mosaics used to decorate the living quarters of the wealthy are still visible to date in the ruins of the ancient Roman homes . • Medieval towns prospered with commerce, agriculture and mining, and many architectural jewels had been constructed. Along side the Romanesque cathedrals and churches there were the town halls, the government palaces and the castles of the noble families. The nobles who inhabited these castles were sponsors of decorative art forms, including of frescoes and paintings, carved decorations and sculpted furniture, marble and mosaic inlay, precious textiles, porcelain and glassware, and fine jewelry. 9 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  10. Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  11. 3.2- THE RENAISSANCE • The next major development in the history of interior design came in the Italian Renaissance, when all arts experienced a surge in popularity, with wealthy patrons giving money to support the arts. • It was at this time that interior decorating and interior design began to resemble what it came to be in later years in the history of interior design. • Still at this point in the history of interior design, such things were well out of reach of the average person. 11 11 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  12. Cesky Krumlov Castle Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  13. Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design Renaissance Chateau - Vienna

  14. Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  15. Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  16. 3.3- THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION (The start of Modern Movement ): • The change in the history of interior design that made it accessible to the common man was the Industrial Revolution. Because : • It made cheaper goods possible for home decoration . • created an economic revolution as middle-class families soon had extra money to put towards things such as interior design. • This is the time where interior design magazines were developed, and the profession of interior designer really took hold, now its own industry by the start of the 21st century. • Mass production helped to produce interior elements faster and cheaper. 16 16 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  17. 3.4- ART NOUVEAUE • An artistic movement at the start of the 20th Century that reacted against industrial mass production and used new artistic designs adopted mostly from nature, using modern materials. 17 17 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  18. 3.4- ART NOUVEAUE • Charles Rennie Mackintosh: • In Glasgow, Scotland, work related to Art Nouveau was produced for a short time by a few designers led by Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928). • Mackintosh developed furniture designs that most often used simple, geometric forms, but then introduced exaggerated proportions, extreme high chair backs, and white or black paint finishes with decorative details in violet silver, or gold. Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  19. 19 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  20. 20 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  21. 21 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  22. 3.4- ART NOUVEAUE • Antoni Gaudi • In Barcelona, Spain, although there is a variety of work in the Art Nouveau style, the dominant figure of Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926) stands out as the inventor of a highly personal vocabulary of flowing curves and unusual decorative details. • Remarkable interiors. Paneled doors are studded with small mirrors of irregular shape; ceilings are of plaster in swirling curved forms. • Gaudi developed fantastic curving, sometimes bone-like, wiry forms for furniture designed to be custom made by skilled craftsmen for specific projects. The Guell Park (1905-14) and unfinished Sagrada Familia church (1903-26) exhibit Gaudi's fantastic and highly personal stylistic vocabulary on a major scale. 22 22 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  23. 23 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  24. 24 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  25. 25 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  26. 3.4- ART NOUVEAUE • Gerrit Rietveld: • The known De Stijl ("the style") work was produced by Rietveld (1888-1964), this style is characterized by rectilinear block made up of complex, interpenetrating planes of wall, roof, and projecting decks, with voids filled by glass in metal sash. • Built-in and movable furniture of Rietveld's design is geometric and abstract in concept. Only primary colors and black are introduced within the generally white and gray tones of most surfaces. 26 26 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  27. 27 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  28. 28 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  29. 3.5- THE MODERN MOVEMENT • Since the start of the 20th Century there were a modern development ( physical and intellectual) in both architecture and interior design. Modernity took several shapes but they in general share the following ideas : • Avoid ornaments. • Simplicity in design and construction. • Use of colors. • Use of modern materials and techniques. • Free space. • Complementarily between architecture, arts and industry. • Interior design has started to be familiar by the public. • Interior design curriculums, books and magazines have emerged and begun well known. 29 29 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  30. 30 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  31. 31 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design

  32. 4- CONCLUSION • The history of interior design goes back to ancient times especially during the Egyptian and Roman eras. • Interior design had developed through different historic ages and influenced by the prevailing conditions of different eras. • The industrial revolution had excreted the potentials for the modern movement in interior design in two terms: • Interior design started to be familiar by the public especially middle classes instead of being restricted to higher classes. • The appearance of modern materials and modern techniques. • The mass production instead of handicrafts. 32 32 Dr Nihad Almughany, Introduction to Interior Design - 3 rd Sem. 2007-2008Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008Dr. Nihad Almughany- Int. to Interior Design