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Mini Quiz. 1. Julie is a serious and conscientious employee; however, with her friends at Happy Hour on Friday afternoon she is the "life of the party." Julie would most likely be a. a high self-monitor. b. a low self-monitor. c. high in private self-consciousness.

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Mini Quiz


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    1. Mini Quiz • 1. Julie is a serious and conscientious employee; however, with her friends at Happy Hour on Friday afternoon she is the "life of the party." Julie would most likely be • a. a high self-monitor. • b. a low self-monitor. • c. high in private self-consciousness. • d. low in public self-consciousness.

    2. Mini Quiz • 2. Which of the following approaches relies upon factor analytic techniques to reduce the many traits in the English language down to few factors? • a. the many-trait approach • b. the single-trait approach • c. the essential trait approach • d. the empirical trait approach

    3. Mini Quiz • 3. Which of the following reflect the structure of personality presently proposed by many adherents of the essential trait approach? • a. neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness • b. authoritarianism, fascism, conservatism, anti-Semitism, cynicism • c. the traits of the California Q-Set • d. self-monitoring

    4. Mini Quiz • 4. The sole basis by which items are selected for empirically derived personality scales is whether • a. their content adequately reflects the construct to be measured. • b. they are correlated with other items on the scales. • c. the respondent will be willing and able to truthfully give an accurate self-assessment for them. • d. they are answered differently by different kinds of people.

    5. Mini Quiz • Today is • A) My birthday! • B) Tuesday • C) Going to be fun • D) all of the above

    6. Using Traits to Understand Behavior • Different approaches: • The Single-Trait Approach • The Many-Trait Approach • The Essential-Trait Approach • The Simultaneous-Trait Approach

    7. The Simultaneous-Trait Approach • Trait approaches tend to be “one-dimensional” • They only consider one trait at a time • “He is extraverted” • Pro: Simple and automatic • Con: Not all extraverts act the same

    8. The Simultaneous-Trait Approach • An “extraverted” and “agreeable” person • An “extraverted” and “disagreeable” person

    9. The Simultaneous-Trait Approach • An “extraverted” and “agreeable” person • Warm • An “extraverted” and “disagreeable” person • Controlling

    10. The Simultaneous-Trait Approach • This approach examines how traits “blend” together within an individual

    11. The Interpersonal Sphere • Ask yourself: • High (+) • Moderate (0) • Low (-) • How dominant are you? • How warm are you?

    12. Interpersonal Circumplex Cold Warm - 0 +

    13. Interpersonal Circumplex Dominant + 0 - Submissive

    14. Interpersonal Circumplex Dominant Cold Warm Submissive

    15. The Interpersonal Circumplex

    16. The Interpersonal Circumplex

    17. IPIP-IPC • Warm-Agreeable • Am interested in people. • Reassure others. • Inquire about others’ well-being. • Get along well with others. Markey & Markey, 2009

    18. IPIP-IPC • Gregarious-Extraverted • Start conversations. • Love large parties. • Feel comfortable around people. • Talk to a lot of different. Markey & Markey, 2009

    19. IPIP-IPC • Assured-Dominant • Do most of the talking. • Demand to be the center of attention. • Speak loudly. • Demand attention. Markey & Markey, 2009

    20. IPIP-IPC • Arrogant-Calculating • Cut others to pieces. • Contradict others. • Snap at people. • Have a sharp tongue. Markey & Markey, 2009

    21. IPIP-IPC • Cold-Hearted • Believe people should fend for themselves. • Don’t fall for sob-stories. • Don’t put a lot of thought into things. • Am not interested in other people’s problems. Markey & Markey, 2009

    22. IPIP-IPC • Aloof-Introverted • Am a very private person. • Don’t talk a lot. • Have little to say. • Am quiet around strangers. Markey & Markey, 2009

    23. IPIP-IPC • Unassured-Submissive • Dislike being the center of attention. • Let others finish what they are saying. • Speak softly. • Seldom toot my own horn. Markey & Markey, 2009

    24. IPIP-IPC • Unassuming-Ingenuous • Tolerate a lot from others. • Take things as they come. • Seldom stretch the truth. • Think of others first. Markey & Markey, 2009

    25. The Interpersonal Circumplex • The IPC can help us understand sex – well at least who does it the most! Markey & Markey, 2007

    26. Sex • "Sex is a conversation carried out by other means.” • "Sex with love is the greatest thing in life. But sex without love -- that's not so bad either."

    27. Sex and Personality • What accounts for different people’s willingness (or lack thereof) to engage in sexual relations with multiple partners?  • Who has multiple partners? • High Extraversion • Low Agreeablness

    28. Method • Participates • 210 participants • 105 men and 105 women • Measures • IAS • Sexual promiscuity (different levels of intimacy) • 1) One minute continuous lip kissing • 2) Manual manipulation of nude partner’s genitals • 3) Oral manipulation of nude partner’s genitals • 4) Sexual intercourse

    29. Results • 1) Men reported more partners for: • 1) One minute continuous lip kissing • 2) Manual manipulation of nude partner’s genitals • 3) Oral manipulation of nude partner’s genitals • 4) Sexual intercourse

    30. Results • 2) For both males and females dominance was positively related to: • 1) One minute continuous lip kissing • 2) Manual manipulation of nude partner’s genitals • 3) Oral manipulation of nude partner’s genitals • 4) Sexual intercourse

    31. Results • 3) Warmth had a quadratic relationship with: • 1) One minute continuous lip kissing • 2) Manual manipulation of nude partner’s genitals • 3) Oral manipulation of nude partner’s genitals • 4) Sexual intercourse

    32. Research Examples

    33. Conclusion • Personality is a unique “blend” of traits • Like chemistry’s periodic table • Elements do not exist in a vacuum • Combine together! • H20, NH3, CO2, etc.