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Howard Gardner

Howard Gardner

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Howard Gardner

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  1. Howard Gardner By: Laken Fritz

  2. Birth and Death • Birth: July 11, 1943 • Death: Still Alive!

  3. Personal History • Born in Scranton PA • Had Eric Erikson as a tutor • John H. and Elisabeth A.Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at theHarvard Graduate School of Education • Adjunct Professor of Psychologyat Harvard University • Senior Director ofHarvard Project Zero • Originally a developmental psychologist and later in neuropsychology • Main area of research interest at that time was cognition, especially the capacity to use symbols, working with both normal and gifted children, and brain-damaged adults

  4. Personal History Continued- Awards •  MacArthur Prize Fellowship in1981 • Honorary degrees from 26colleges and universities • including institutions inBulgaria, Chile, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, andSouth Korea • By Foreign Policy and Prospect magazinesas one of the 100 most influential publicintellectuals in the world • 2011 Prince of Asturias Award in Social Sciences

  5. Some Books By Gardner Has 25 books in 28 languages

  6. Works and Research • Multiple Intelligence • initially formulated a list of seven intelligences. The first two have been typically valued in schools; the next three are usually associated with the arts; and the final two are what Howard Gardner called 'personal intelligences' • Project Zero • Project Zero provided an environment in which Howard Gardner could begin to explore his interest in human cognition

  7. Works and ResearchMultiple Intelligence • Linguistic • Logical-Mathematical • Musical • Body-Kinesthetic • Spatial • Interpersonal • Intrapersonal

  8. Linguistic • Involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals • Writers, poets, lawyers and speakers are among those that see as having high linguistic intelligence.

  9. Logical-Mathematical • Consists of the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically • It entails the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically

  10. Musical • Involves skill in the performance, composition, and appreciation of musical patterns • Encompasses the capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms

  11. Bodily-Kinesthetic • The potential of using one's whole body or parts of the body to solve problems • The ability to use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements • Mental and physical activities are related

  12. Spatial • Involves the potential to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas

  13. Interpersonal • Concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people • Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counselors all need a well-developed interpersonal intelligence

  14. Intrapersonal • The capacity to understand oneself, to appreciate one's feelings, fears and motivations • Involves having an effective working model of ourselves, and to be able to use such information to regulate our lives

  15. Where are the Intelligences?

  16. Works and Research Project Zero • Mission is to understand and enhance learning, thinking, and creativity in the arts, as well as humanistic and scientific disciplines, at the individual and institutional levels • Begun at the Harvard Graduate School in 1967 by the philosopher Nelson Goodman • Aim of improving learning in the Arts through research • Gardner was co-director of this (with David Perkins) from 1972 to 2000

  17. History of Project Zero • Building on this research to help create communities of reflective, independent learners • To enhance deep understanding within disciplines • To promote critical and creative thinking • Research is done by human cognitive development and of the process of learning in the arts and other disciplines • The learners are at the center of the educational process, respecting the different ways in which an individual learns at various stages of life • As well as differences among individuals in the ways they perceive the world and express their ideas.

  18. The End