Howard Gardner • Multiple Intelligences • 1983 Frames of Mind • Educational Psychologist (Harvard)
What is an Intelligence? • Social or Cultural utility across cultures • Scientific Basis (identifiable by anatomy, testing, empirical data). • Evolutionary Utility
Multiple Intelligences • A Useful tool for thinking about the variety of learners in the classroom. • For those working with early adolescents, • this theory can have profound impact on our thinking about physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development in children.
Multiple Intelligence • Acknowledging this theory means we have another tool for empathetically understanding the developmental needs of early adolescents. • Early adolescents may show the signs of their developing intelligence in one of Gardner’s areas of M.I.
Linguistic Musical Logical Mathematical Spatial-Visual Bodily Kinesthetic Interpersonal Intrapersonal Natural History Theological-Spiritual Multiple Intelligences
Multiple Intelligence • It is important to understand that most learners have capabilities within each of the intelligences. Even so, some learners will clearly show predispositions in one of the intelligences. • Examples:
An idea from coaching: • Training the “strong side” versus training the “weak side.” • We can plan Middle School activities for developmental and M.I. tasks and opportunities for growth.
An Idea from Piaget • By using the MI approach, we match • Developmentally appropriate tasks/challenges to more learners more of the time.
Integration and ‘Holism” • Varied and thoughtful use of the MI approach may help develop the whole child. It is consistent with the integrative needs of early adolescents. • WHY?