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The Rise and Spread of Islam. The Rise and Spread of Islam. Time period: 632-present Location: Arabian Peninsula Founder: Mohamed Holy Book: Quran –written in Arabic. Words to Know. Islam submission to god Muslim person who follows Islam Allah god in Arabic Mosque

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The Rise and Spread of Islam


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the rise and spread of islam1
The Rise and Spread of Islam
  • Time period:

632-present

  • Location:

Arabian Peninsula

  • Founder:

Mohamed

  • Holy Book:

Quran –written in Arabic

words to know
Words to Know
  • Islam

submission to god

  • Muslim

person who follows Islam

  • Allah

god in Arabic

  • Mosque

Muslim place of worship

mohamed muhammad
Mohamed/Muhammad
  • founder of Islam
  • 570-Born in the city of Mecca
  • Mecca= busy trading city on the Arabian Peninsula
  • successful businessman who led camel caravans along Arabian trade routes
mohamed muhammad1
had visions of the Angel Gabriel, who told him to recite the word of god

Mohamed’s teachings were collected and written in the Quran

Mohamed/Muhammad
mohamed muhammad2
Mohamed/Muhammad
  • 622-forced to leave Mecca for the city of Medina
  • this move is called thehejira
  • he created the first Islamic city-state in Medina
  • 630 -returned and invaded Mecca
  • 632-death of Mohamed
beliefs traditions
Beliefs/Traditions
  • Five Pillars of Islam
  • These are the main religious duties of Muslims
  • There will definitely be a question on the Regents about the 5 Pillars, so you better know them!
five pillars of islam
Five Pillars of Islam
  • Shadah

belief in one god

  • Salat

prayer 5 times a day

  • Siyam

to fast from sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan

five pillars of islam1
Five Pillars of Islam
  • Zakat

giving to charity and the poor every year

  • Hajj

pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia once in a Muslim’s life

spread of islam
Spread of Islam
  • Following the death of Mohamed …

Islam experienced rapid expansion in Afro Eurasia

  • Muslim armies marched across WE until they were defeated in France, Battle of Tours, 732
  • By the 1400’s, Muslim Empire extended from Spain to India
rapid expansion of the islamic empire 7 th 8 th c
Rapid Expansion of the Islamic Empire , 7th-8th C
  • 636-Damascus became capital city (ME)
  • 638-Jerusalem (ME)
  • 640-Cyprus (ME)
  • 640-Alexandria,Egypt (AF)
  • 670-Muslim blockade of Constantinople (EE)
rapid expansion of the islamic empire 7 th 8 th c1
Rapid Expansion of the Islamic Empire , 7th-8th C
  • 697-Carthage (AF)
  • 711-Toledo, capital of Spain (WE)
  • 718- all of Spain (WE)
  • 732-southern France until defeated at Battle of Tours (WE)
umayyad dynasty 661 750
Umayyad Dynasty 661-750
  • Capital city at Damascus (Syria, SWA)
  • Arabicbecame language of many conquered people and helped unify them under Islam
  • camel and horse cavalries were faster than traditional armies; empire expanded quickly
umayyad dynasty 661 7501
Umayyad Dynasty 661-750
  • How did the Ummayads treat the people they conquered?
  • allowed people to follow own belief systems and culture
  • non-Muslims sometimes paid higher taxes
  • Jews and Christians held important gov’t. positions
  • many people converted to Islam in the late 8th century
umayyad dynasty 661 7502
Umayyad Dynasty 661-750
  • For several centuries, most people in the Islamic Empire were neither Muslim or Arab.
  • Cross regional and cultural exchange occurred for many years among Christians, Jews, Muslims and polytheistic people.
slide32

Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain

(now a Catholic Cathedral)