chapter 4 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 4 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 4

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Chapter 4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Chapter 4. Licensing and Certification. Chapter Objectives. Understand the purpose of licensing Identify the steps in the licensing process Understand various types of regulations and their specific purposes Understand the difference between licensing and accreditation

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Chapter 4

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 4

Chapter 4

Licensing and Certification

chapter objectives
Chapter Objectives

Understand the purpose of licensing

Identify the steps in the licensing process

Understand various types of regulations and their specific purposes

Understand the difference between licensing and accreditation

Recognize the various levels of individual credentials available for staff in a child care and education center

purpose of licensing
Purpose of Licensing

Discussion Questions

  • What do you think is the most important regulation that should be addressed in licensing?

2. Do you think licensing regulations are a good thing for child care? Why or why not?

The purpose of licensing is to protect children’s health and safety and to ensure that the program is educationally sound


Required, but coverage varies from state to state

Thrust is accountability for the health and safety of children

Gives permission to operate rather than an indication of quality

licensing regulations
Licensing Regulations

Building safety

Physical space

Teacher-to-child ratios

Staff qualifications


building safety
Building Safety

Regulations includes minimum fire, sanitation, and building safety standards

Fire regulations

  • Type of building construction
  • Ease of evacuation from building in case of fire
  • Alarm systems/smoke detectors/sprinkler systems
  • Availability of fire extinguishers
  • Building codes (wiring, plumbing)
building safety1
Building Safety

Health regulations

  • Bathroom requirements
  • Food service operation requirements
physical space
Physical Space

Specifies the amount of space necessary

  • 35 square feet of indoor space per preschool child
  • 60-75 square feet of outdoor space per preschool child
  • Infants/toddlers require feeding tables and diaper changing stations
  • Levels and sources of light
  • Levels and sources of air
  • Number of toilets

3 aspects of child care have been shown to relate to positive outcomes for children:

  • Child-to-staff ratios
  • Maximum group size
  • Staff qualifications and ongoing training
child to staff ratio
Child-to-Staff Ratio

Regulates the minimum number of teachers required for a group of children

  • Infants: 4:1
  • Toddlers: 6:1 and 8:1 in 9 states each
  • Four-Year-Olds: 10:1 in 17 states
  • Five-Year-Olds: 15:1 in 15 states

Most states require that two responsible adults be on the premises at all times

maximum group sizes
Maximum Group Sizes


Smaller group sizes and larger numbers of staff to children are related to positive outcomes to


staff qualifications
Staff Qualifications

Teachers’ training in child development is a key factor in creating a quality program

Most state regulations require minimal staff requirements but some do require specific training in early childhood education or a CDA

NAEYC is a professional organization committed to better trained and educated teachers

discussion questions
Discussion Questions

Discussion Questions

The American Association of Colleges of Teacher

Education has called for all preschool teachers to have

bachelor’s degrees.

  • Do you think this is a good idea? Why or why not?

Most states regulate transporting children

  • Vehicle must meet state motor vehicle department standards for school bus service
  • Number of children transported
  • Type of vehicle
  • Types of lights on vehicle
  • Proper identification on the vehicle
  • Use of car seats and belts
  • Appropriate licensing and insurance coverage for vehicle and driver
the licensing process steps
The Licensing Process Steps
  • Request copy of licensing requirements from appropriate regulatory agency
  • Ensure that zoning authorities have approved land use
  • Obtain contact information from licensing for:

-fire inspector

-sanitation inspector

-building inspector

-public health office

the licensing process steps1
The Licensing Process Steps
  • Arrange for conference on-site visits from all necessary representatives
  • When all inspections have been completed and inspectors have provided evidence of approval, complete the license application and send it with required fee to appropriate licensing agent
  • On receipt of license, post it in conspicuous place in child care center
  • Check expiration date and establish procedure to ensure that renewal process will be set in motion in plenty of time
licensing specialists
Licensing Specialists

Their goal is to improve services for children and families

Primary responsibility

  • Ascertain whether a program is in compliance with licensing regulation

Other responsibilities

  • Provide resources for directors seeking training for staff
  • Help directors find the best and least expensive way to meet state regulations
discussion questions1
Discussion Questions

Discussion Questions

  • Why do you think regulations are or are not necessary?
  • What are some licensing requirements that may be difficult to implement in a center?
accreditation licensing
Accreditation & Licensing

Licensing implies meeting minimal standards

Accreditation implies performing at a higher level and are meeting additional standards beyond the licensing standards

NAEYC and NACCP have accreditation programs


Credentialing means that an individual has demonstrated the capabilities necessary for successful participation in that profession

  • State Teacher Licensure
  • National Board Certification
  • Director Credentialing
  • Child Development Associate Credential (CDA)
cda credential
CDA Credential

To be eligible for CDA, candidates must

  • Be 18 years of age or older
  • Hold a high school diploma or GED
  • Have 480 hours of experience working with children
  • Have 120 clock hours of formal education
cda credential1
CDA Credential



Learning Environment



Program Management








Candidate Must Demonstrate 12 Competencies

chapter summary
Chapter Summary

The director is responsible for

  • Initiating and implementing the licensing procedures
  • Ensuring that the program meets the minimum requirements
  • Promoting professionalism through credentialing and accreditation