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Objectives

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  1. Objectives Value of conformity assessment accreditation in the proper implementation of green building codes and standards Benefits of conformity assessment accreditation as a risk management and trade tool (existing conformity assessment networks)

  2. What is A2LA Accreditation body with national and international recognitions Non-profit, public service Non-governmental Membership organization

  3. Definitions • Accreditation “Third-party attestation related to a conformity assessment body conveying formal demonstration of its competence to carry out specific conformity assessment tasks” - Accreditation Body (AB) • Conformity Assessment Body (CAB) “ Body that performs conformity assessment services and that can be the object of accreditation” Source: ISO/IEC 17011Conformity assessment — General requirements for accreditation bodies accrediting conformity assessment bodies, 2004.

  4. Scope of Accreditation • Document that details what the CAB is accredited for • Identifies conformity assessment activity (e.g. test methods or test technologies, products or materials on which the testing is done, etc.), anniversary date, location of the facility • Must be confirmed by the assessor • Does not have to include all the CAB’s capabilities - many CAB’s get accredited for a ‘limited’ scope of activities

  5. Accreditation Steps • CAB reviews requirements and ensures compliance • CAB identifies desired scope of accreditation • Submit application to A2LA • Assigned assessor performs document review • On-site assessment by technical experts takes place • Resolve deficiencies within required time frame • Accreditation decision made by accrediting body

  6. WTO TBT Agreement 6.1.1Accreditation = Verified Compliance

  7. Aspects of Accreditation Standardization strategy Technical regulations/documents: Standards, codes, guidelines, regulations, norms Quality infrastructure - national framework and global competitiveness - Implementation The local and global markets Existing accreditation networks Values: societal, environmental, economic, financial Sustainability: Resources, training and education

  8. Standardization Strategy/Framework - WTO Principles Transparency Openness Impartiality Effectiveness and relevance Consensus Performance based Coherence Due process Technical assistance

  9. Technical Regulations/Documents

  10. Quality Infrastructure Combination of standardization and quality assurance (i.e., accreditation) A fully functional Quality Infrastructure is essential for the free movement of goods within the region as well as for trade with international partners (OECD/WTO - Establishing a Regional Quality Infrastructure in the East African Community, 2011.)

  11. Intersection Between Green Buildings and Accreditation Specifications (Codes/Standards Guidelines, Procedures, etc.) Assessments Verification of protocols Compliance Enforcement

  12. Quality Assurance: Accreditation Bodies (ABs) Established accreditation body – the “authoritative body that performs accreditation” ISO/IEC 17011 Refer to ISO/IEC 17011 - Conformity assessment — General requirements for accreditation bodies accrediting conformity assessment bodies Proper recognitions local and global

  13. The Local and Global Markets

  14. Local Recognitions Jurisdictional statutes: Specific social, environmental and other conditions (e.g., land management, water management, energy, materials and waste)

  15. Green Buildings and Accreditation Programs

  16. A2LA Programs Inspection body accreditation (ISO/IEC 17020) Laboratory accreditation (ISO/IEC 17025 & ISO 15189) Proficiency testing providers (ISO/IEC 17043) Reference materials producers (ISO Guide 34) Product certification body accreditation (ISO/IEC 17065) Laboratory quality training

  17. Overview of the System “Global Perspective”

  18. Accreditation to Support Confidence in the Market Accreditation Services For SDOs Accreditation Bodies Accreditation Services For CBs Standards and Model Codes Developed by Standards Development Organizations (SDOs) (Accredited Standards Developers (ASDs)) Consensus Standards / Regulations Conformity Assessment Bodies Certification Body (products, systems and personnel) Calibration Laboratory Inspection Body Testing Laboratory Conformity Assessment Services to Manufacturers and Service Providers Manufacturers and Service Providers Public Safety and Market Confidence “Standardization Roadmap: Energy Efficiency in the Built Environment, Version 1.0. ANSI"

  19. How it Works Standardization strategy – National/Regional/Global Codes and standards – technical documents (engineering standards: i.e. ASTM E329 (for labs), C1077 (for concrete), D3666 (for asphalt), D3740 (for soils), etc.)- Not only test methods Accreditation body (local and international recognitions) Based on ISO conformity assessment standards (ISO/IEC Standards) - - ISO/CASCO - Committee on conformity assessment Quality management and technical competence

  20. ANSI - Energy Efficiency Standardization Coordination Collaborative (EESCC) The roadmap recognizes the essential role of conformity assessment in supporting the energy efficiency market. Conformity assessment forms the vital link between standards – which define characteristics or requirements – and the products, systems, or personnel themselves. As energy efficiency technologies continue to evolve, the marketplace is becoming increasingly reliant on the methods used to ensure that products, personnel, and services comply with the requirements of those standards.

  21. Global Vision • Tested, inspected or certified once, accepted everywhere • “Accredited once, accepted everywhere”

  22. Global Harmonization Technical: standardization of practices Economic: Strengthening Economic Ties, Expand Trade and Investment Relationship (trade frameworks/regional agreements: i.e WTO agreements)

  23. GLOBAL ACCREDITATION NETWORKS • International Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) • International Accreditation Forum (IAF)

  24. ILAC and IAF GLOBAL networks of conformity assessment accreditation bodies • Recognition of competent conformity assessment activities through global multi-lateral mutual recognition arrangements(MRA) • Harmonization of conformity assessment practices • Promotion of accredited conformity assessment as an effective mechanism for providing confidence in goods and services

  25. ILAC and IAF Arrangements Structured to build on existing and developing regional MLAs/MRAs* established around the world * Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA)/Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA)

  26. IAF / ILAC Timeline 2001 1st Joint IAF-ILAC General Assembly 2000 ILAC MRA Testing & Calibration 2012 ILAC MRA Inspection 1977 – ILAC established 2003 - ILAC Incorporated 1996 – ILAC MOU 1998 IAF MLA for QMS IAF Bylaws IAF Incorporated 1993 – IAF established 2004 – IAF MLAs for EMS and Product

  27. Regional Cooperation Bodies • The IAF MLA recognizes EA, PAC, IAAC • The ILAC MRA recognizes EA, APLAC, IAAC European Cooperation for Accreditation (EA) Inter-American Accreditation Cooperation (IAAC) Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC) Southern African Development Community Accreditation (SADCA) Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC) African Accreditation Cooperation (AFRAC) Arab Accreditation Cooperation (ARAC)

  28. Peer Evaluation ACCREDITATION International Standards CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT BODIES Standards / Regulatory requirements / Scheme criteria PRODUCT & SERVICE PROVIDERS CONFIDENCE TRUST ASSURANCE PURCHASERS GOVERNMENT CONSUMERS

  29. USA Specifiers of the Arrangements • Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) • Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) • U.S. Coast Guard • General Services Administration (GSA) • Department of Defense • Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  30. Benefits for Government and Regulators • Cost effective tool to support regulation • Allows for efficient monitoring • Enforcement/Compliance assistance

  31. Benefits for Industry • Greater acceptance of products and services opening up markets • Avoiding the costs of multiple testing, inspection or certification • Efficient management of suppliers

  32. Benefits for Consumers • Public confidence in goods and services despite complex global marketplace • Reduces product failures

  33. Biological (Food and Pharmaceutical Testing Laboratory Accreditation Program; Veterinary Laboratory Accreditation Program) Chemical Electrical Forensics Information Technology Medical Sustainable Energy Construction Materials Acoustics & Vibration Calibration Environmental Geo-technical Mechanical Non-destructive Thermal A2LA Specific Fields of Testing/Calibration/Inspection

  34. Training and Education ISO accreditation standards Technical standards Quality document preparation Laboratory internal auditing practices Measurement uncertainty principles Technical training courses Evaluation of other accreditation bodies

  35. A2LA Accreditation Timeline • Initial accreditation effort takes 4-6 months on average • Two year anniversary date • On-site surveillance after 1st year of accreditation • On-site renewal every two years • On-going proficiency testing participation (where applicable)

  36. Support Membership Technical Services Policy and Technical Assistance Training and Educational Programs

  37. Questions?Sylvana Ricciarinisricciarini@a2la.org