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Objectives

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  1. Objectives • 2-11.1.- Identify materials and construction features of doors • 2-11.2.- Identify materials and construction features of windows • 2-11.3.- Identify materials and construction features of roofs • 2-11.4.- Identify materials and construction features of vertical barriers

  2. Objectives • 2-11.5.- Identify and safely carry at least one of the following : • Cutting tool • Prying tool • Pulling tool • Striking tool

  3. Objectives • 2-11.6.- Identify the procedures to use in forcing/opening the following • 2-11.6.1.- Doors • 2-11.6.2.- Windows • 2-11.6.3.- Ceilings • 2-11.6.4.- Roofs • 2-11.6.5.- Floors • 2-11.6.6.- Vertical barriers

  4. Objectives • 2-11.7.- Identify the materials door/window locking devices are constructed of • 2-11.8.- Identify the construction features of door/window locking devices • 2-11.9.- Identify the procedures of through-the-lock- entry for doors and windows • 2-11.10.- Identify the methods and procedures for cleaning/marinating/inspecting hand tools used in entry

  5. References • IFSTA Essentials of Fire Fighting, 3rdedition, • pages 173-203 • pages 218-228

  6. Situations Requiring Forcible Entry • Areas that are: • Locked • Blocked • Not provided or non-existent

  7. Fire Service Functions Associated with Forcible Entry • Rescue • Ventilation • Access to victims, downed firefighters or fire area • Locked or blocked egresses • Fire Attack • Overhaul/Salvage • Escape

  8. Cautions and Procedures • TRY BEFORE YOU PRY • Stand to the side when breaking glass • Beware of falling glass • Block doors and windows open • Block overhead doors in up position • Watch for electrical wires and pipes • Watch for flying chips and sharp edges • Wear full protective clothing

  9. 2-11.1.OBJECTIVE Doors

  10. Definitions • Jamb- a side post or side of a doorway or window • Rabbet- a recess or groove in or near the edge of one piece of wood or other material that will receive the edge of another piece • Stile- A vertical side piece in a doorway or window sash

  11. Types of Doors • Swinging doors • Single • Double • Revolving doors • Panic-proof • Drop arm • Metal-braced

  12. Doors • Sliding doors • Overhead doors • Sectional/folding • Rolling steel • Slab

  13. Doors • Fire doors • Horizontal • Vertical • Single • Double • Overhead

  14. Materials Used for Doors • Wood • Metal • Aluminum • Steel • Glass- Tempered • Fiberglass

  15. Construction Featuresof Doors Wooden Swinging Doors • Panel • Slab • Hollow Core • Solid Core • Ledge/Batten

  16. Metal Swinging Doors • Hollow metal • Metal Covered • Tubular • Generally not forced if in a metal jamb due to time factor

  17. Fire Doors • Class A openings • Class B openings • Self-closing • Automatic closing

  18. Jambs • Rabbeted • Stopped

  19. WindowsOBJECTIVE 2-11.2.

  20. Types of Windows • Checkrail/Double-hung • Casement/Hinged • Projected/Factory • Awning & Jalousie • Lexan Plastic • Screened or Barred

  21. Materials Used for Windows • Wood • Metal • Screens • Bars • Wire Mesh • Iron Grating

  22. Construction Features • Checkrail • Two sashes • Checkrail (center) • Casement • Hinged on side • Swing outward • Operating mechanism • Crank • lever

  23. Construction Features • Projected • Out • In • Pivoted • Center • Top • Bottom

  24. Construction Features • Awning • 1 foot glass • Metal/wood frame • Jalousie • 4 inch glass • No frame • Lexan • Self-extinguishing • Glass substitute

  25. Construction Features • Screened or Bars • Wire meshed guards • Hinged top or side • Fitted into brackets • Heavy metal bars

  26. 2-11.3. RoofsOBJECTIVE

  27. Types of Roofs • Flat • Pitched • Arched

  28. Materials Used for Roofs • Coverings • Wood shingles • Composition roofing pepper • Tile • Slate • Synthetic membrane • Tar & gravel

  29. Construction Materials • Wood • Metal • Precast Gypsum • Poured Reinforced concrete • Lightweight concrete

  30. Features • Flat • Joists covering • Sheathing • Poured concrete • Lightweight concrete • Precast gypsum • Precast concrete slab • Coverings altered • Chimneys • Vent pipes

  31. Shafts Scuttles Skylights Pitched Timber rafters Metal trusses Sheathing boards Gypsum slabs Wood trusses Arched Bow-string truss Truss less arch Features

  32. 2-11.4.OBJECTIVE Vertical Barriers

  33. Materials of Walls • Masonry & Veneered • Metal & Prefabed metal • Wood frame • Exterior siding • Clapboard • Board & batten • Asbestos shingles • Stucco • Vinyl • Metal

  34. Materials of Walls • Partition • Hollow clay tile • Covered wood • Covered metal • Solid block construction

  35. Construction Features • Metal walls • Sheets • Sections • Panel • Wood or metal studs • Wood frame • Studs • Masonry & veneered walls

  36. 2-11.5. ToolsOBJECTIVE

  37. Cutting Metal cutting Handsaws Power saws Hydraulic Prying Hydraulic Striking Pushing/Pulling Forcing locks Padlocks Different Types & Classes

  38. Tools • Gas power • Hydraulic power • Manual • Air compressor • Oxyacetylene

  39. Manual Axe Flat head Pick head Handsaw Carpenter Hacksaw Coping Keyhole Bolt cutters Wire cutter Cutting Tools

  40. Cutting Tools • Power • Saws • Circular • Reciprocating • Chain • Oxyacetylene Torch

  41. Hand prying Pry-axe Halligan Crowbar Claw tool Pry bar Kelly tool Spanner Quic-bar Power prying Hydraulic spreaders Rabbet tool Prying Tools

  42. Pushing/Pulling Tools • Manual • Pike poles • Plaster hooks • Power • Hydraulic rams

  43. Striking Tools • Axes • Battering rams • Ram bars • Punchers • Hammers • Picks • Sledgehammer • Chisels • Center punches • Mauls

  44. Carrying Tools • Close to body • Points protected

  45. Tools Cautions & Procedures • TRY BEFORE YOU PRY • Carry tool safely (no running on scene) • Use tools safely • Right tool for the job • Keep tools clean • Maintain and store properly • Wear eye/hearing protection • DO NOT remove power tool safety guards

  46. Saw Blade Maintenance • Keep clean • Keep sharpened • Keep them lightly oiled • Do not interchange different manufactures blades • Store in clean, dry place • DO NOT store where gasoline fumes accumulate (destroys carbon & composite blades)

  47. OBJECTIVE 2-11.6.1. Doors

  48. Opening Doors • TRY BEFORE PRY • If door is locked • examine construction • determine method of operation • examine lock • Force? Find other methods of entry? • Use easiest, quickest, and least damaging method.

  49. Forcible Entry Procedures • Doors • TRY BEFORE YOU PRY • Swinging toward Firefighter • insert blade of tool between door jamb and lock • force blade in against the rabbet or stop by working and pushing tool • pry tool away from the door to move the door and the jamb apart • pull door open or pry open with another tool when the lock has cleared its keeper

  50. Forcible Entry Procedures • Swinging away from Firefighter • break glass • stand to the windward side of the glass pane to be broken • strike tool at the top of the pane, keeping hands above the point of impact • remove ALL glass including jagged pieces from the sash with axe or other appropriate tool