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JTF Training. Crisis Action Planning Mission Analysis. UNCLASSIFIED. Mission Analysis Overview . Roles/responsibilities of Operations and Logistics (J4) Access and analyze information associated with a current situation

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JTF Training

Crisis Action

Planning

Mission Analysis

UNCLASSIFIED


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Mission Analysis Overview

  • Roles/responsibilities of Operations and Logistics (J4)

  • Access and analyze information associated with a current situation

  • Processes, policies and stages of planning and conducting joint operations

    • Strategic and operational situations

    • Mission, intent and concept

    • Suggested input into planning process

    • Logistical shortfalls in planning process


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MULTINATIONAL FORCE

STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES

(MNF SOP)

Version 1.6

February 2006

Reference

JP 3-0 Doctrine for Joint Operations

JP 4-0 Logistics

JP 5-0 Joint Operation Planning

JP 5-00.2 JTF Planning Guidance & Procedures

CJCS 3500.05A JTF HQ

Master Training Guide

MNF SOP


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Develop a Military Course of Action

Key Points

Crisis Action Planning (CAP) Procedures:

  • Three process

  • Key Documents

    • Warning & Alert Orders

    • Commander’s Estimate

  • Requires Concurrent & Collaborative Planning


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CAP Functions

I Situational Awareness

II Planning

III Execution


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CAP Process Features

  • Rapid Exchange of Information

  • Analysis of situations affecting possible Courses of Action (COAs)

  • Developing valid COAs

  • Selecting the best COAs

  • Coordinating plans & order supporting execution


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Crisis Action Planning Summary

I

Situational

Awareness

II

Planning

III

Execution

Monitor

situation

Gather

information

Take

appropriate

actions

Increased

information

gathering

Review of

options

COAs

developed

- major

forces

- support

COAs

evaluated

Combatant

command

refines &

presents

COAs

send to:

Natl Auth

for COA

decision

Deployment

plan

completed

Operations

order

developed

Execute

OPORDs

Reporting

Transition /

redeploy

Termination /

Resolution


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CAP Process

I

Situational

Awareness

II

Planning

III

Execution

National

Authorities

Planning

Deployment

CJCS Warning

Order

CCDR’s

Assessment

Commander’s

Estimate

Or Alert

Order

Or Execute

Order

Supported

Strategic

CDR

CCDR

Planning

CCDR

Deployment

CCDR’s

Warning

Order

Commander’s

Estimate

Or Alert

Order

Or Execute

Order

OPORD

JTF

JTF PLANNING


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Joint Operation Planning Process(similar to army military decision making process <AMDMP>)


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Warning Order

  • Establishes command relationships

  • States the mission, objectives and known constraints

  • Either request or allocate major combat forces and strategic lift required

  • May establish a tentative C-Day

  • Directs the supported Commander to develop COAs


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Function II – Planning

I

Situational Awareness

II

Planning

III

Execution

  • CTF Tasks:

  • Mission Analysis

  • Issue Planning Guidance

  • Issue Warning Order

  • Develop COAs

  • Develop Staff Estimates

  • Analyze COAs

  • Compare COAs

  • Recommend COA

  • Submit CDR’s Estimate

National

Authorities

CJCS Warning

Order

CDR’s

Estimate

Supported

CCDR

CCDR’s

Warning

Order

CDR’s

Estimate

JFC

JTF PLANNING


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Joint Planning Group (JPG)

J-2

Staff

J-3

Staff

J-4

Staff

J-1

Staff

J-2 Reps

J-3 Reps

J-1 Reps

J-4 Reps

Deployment Cell

JPG

J-5

Staff

J-5 Reps

Services

IO Cell

IA Cell

LNOs

Orders Cell

J-6 Reps

Med Reps

Medical

Staff

SJA Reps

PA Reps

J-6

Staff

JA

Staff

SJA

Staff



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Mission Analysis Task Steps

  • Determine known facts

  • Develop assumptions

  • Analyze HHQ’s mission & intent

  • Determine limitations

  • Determine COGs / Decisive Points

  • Identify operational-level tasks

  • Initial JTF force structure analysis

  • Initial risk assessment

  • Determine military end state

  • Develop mission statement

  • Prepare mission analysis brief


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

1. Determine Facts - What does the Joint Task Force (JTF) know about the current status and conditions?- Supported HHQ mission, intent, and CONOPS - Forces available, readiness status of JTF forces- Review lift priority and lift allocation- Other forces available, organizations / multinational- Political situation (Host nation, friendly/foreign gov’t)- Time analysis (time line)


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2. Develop Assumptions

Mission Analysis Task Steps

  • Assumptions replace missing or unknown facts

  • Must be valid (logical, realistic) and necessary (essential for planning to continue)

  • Don’t assume away enemy capabilities

  • Must be reassessed continually

  • Disseminates facts & assumptions, and consider…

    - Support from other government and civilian agencies

    - Availability of and support requirements for host nation or multinational forces

    - Projection of the end state

    - Available time

    - Political situation of countries proximate to COA


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

3. Analyze Higher Mission & Intent

  • Analyze Mission & Intent understandingall information in the HHQ’s planning directive

  • Understand HHQ’s mission (understand the WHY of the mission)

  • Understand JTF’s role in HHQ’s intent and concept of operations

  • Understand HHQ’s plan for information operations / warfare (IO/IW)


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

4. Determine Limitations- Constraints,

restraints and other limitations on the JTF

  • Restrictions placed on the JTF

    • Constraints: required actions (must do) that limit freedom of action (i.e., movement within a region’s airspace or along an MSR—imposed upon us)

    • Restraints: prohibited actions (must not do) that limit freedom of action (i.e., cannot use local water sources or medical supplies—speaks to our ability)

  • May be imposed by HHQ or by circumstances

  • JTF staff sections determine limitations from their own perspective


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

5. Determine Centers Of Gravity

and Decisive Points

  • Analyze both friendly and enemy COGs to determine strengths and weaknesses

  • COGs are “those characteristics, capabilities, or locations from which a military force derives its freedom of action, physical strength, or will to fight.”

    • COGs developed by staff, under J2’s lead

    • COGs at Strategic, Operational, Tactical levels

    • Decisive Points usually “geographic in nature . . . and are the keys to attacking or sustaining an AOR.”


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

6. Identify Operational Level Tasks - Identify tasks in terms of Specified, Implied, and Essential Tasks

  • List specified tasks

    • Stated in HHQ’s order, usually paras 2,3 & 4

  • Develop implied tasks

    • Not specifically assigned, but must be accomplished

  • Determine essential tasks

    • Those tasks which define success – can be either specified or implied

  • JTF staff sections determine tasks and provide input to JPG

  • JPG determines overall tasks and disseminates


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

7. Task Assignment Matrix

  • TASK Army Navy AF Marines SOF

x

  • 1. Initial Assessment

x

  • 2. Coordinate w/ NGOs

x

  • 3. Port security

  • 4. Provide security for camps

x

  • 5. Provide temporary shelter

x

x

x

  • 6. Provide ground transport

x

  • 7. Distribute food & water

x

x

  • 8. Provide air traffic control


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

8. Initial Risk Assessment-What are the mission

accomplishment and force protection risks?

  • May be risks associated with

    • Mission (risks the HHQ/JTF is willing to take in order to accomplish mission)

    • Force Protection (e.g., casualties, fratricide, terrorist threat)

    • Time available as provided by HHQ’s limitations

  • HHQ’s risk tolerance might be stated or implied

  • JTF staff sections determine risks from their perspective; provide to JPG

  • JPG determines overall risks, considers mitigation methods, disseminates to staff


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

9. Determine Military End State - What are the

conditions that define success / termination of operations?

Strategic End State conditions

  • Returning to state of peace & stability

  • May include diplomatic, economic, military, informational conditions

    Operational (military) End State conditions - transition from predominant use of military to other instruments of national power

    End state basic principles

    - Conditions contribute to end of combat on terms favorable to US / Coalition partners

    - Gain control over enemy’s capabilities

    - Control defined by JTF’s ability to impose its will on enemy, and preventing enemy from renewing conflict


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Mission Analysis Task Steps

10. Develop Mission Statement– consider

Essential tasks; describe the WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, and WHY

EXAMPLE:

“On order, JTF-Guam supports FEMA in the Guam Joint Operations Area by mitigating the effects of the explosion and radiological hazard, providing immediate life support services, restoring basic military infrastructure, and providing information to affected personnel in order to alleviate human suffering and prevent panic. On order, JTF-Guam will transfer responsibility for these services to local authorities and/or FEMA”


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Mission Analysis Brief

11. JPG conducts Mission Analysis brief to JTF

  • J2

  • Initial Intel Situation

  • Elements of Intel Prep of the Battlespace (IPB)

  • Chief of Staff (COS) or

  • J5 / J3

  • Purpose & Outline

  • Area of Operations


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Mission Analysis Brief

11. JPG conducts Mission Analysis brief to CJTF

  • J5 / J3

  • HHQ’s mission, intent, CONOPS

  • Forces available

  • Assumptions

  • Limitations

  • COGs/Decisive Pts

  • Tasks

    • Specified

    • Implied

    • Essential

  • Initial Force Structure

  • Risk Assessment


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Mission Analysis Brief

11. JPG conducts Mission Analysis brief to JTF

  • J1

  • Facts, assumptions, conclusions

  • Personnel actions

  • Personnel services

  • Other personnel related support

  • J5 / J3

  • End State

  • Proposed Mission Statement

  • Time analysis

    • projected planning milestones


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Mission Analysis Brief

11. JPG conducts Mission Analysis brief to CJTF

  • J6

  • Facts, assumptions, conclusions

  • OTHERS

  • As appropriate to the mission


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  • J4

  • Facts, assumptions, conclusions

  • Logistics Services

  • Health Services

  • Movement

  • Others

Mission Analysis JTF J4

11. Mission Analysis Brief


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J4 Capabilities

  • Joint logistic support requirements involve

  • seven core capabilities areas:

    • Supply

    • Maintenance Ops

    • Deployment and Distribution

    • Health Service Support

    • Engineering

    • Log Services

    • Operational Contract Support


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JTFJ4 MARoles & Responsibilities

  • JTF J4 conducts MA as a staff section

  • J4 should also have logisticians integrated into the Joint Planning Group (JPG) and/or the Operational Planning Team (OPT), and various MA working boards, providing their functional area expertise

  • When conducting joint operations with an effects-based approach, logisticians also need to be included in the working groups/boards and the Effects Working Group

  • A “Best Practice:” additionally, log planners can also develop mission analysis products focused on their functional area using a Logistics Coordination Board (LCB)

  • Working boards/group meeting also provides opportunity for log-related information to be disseminated to the rest of the JTF staff


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JTFJ4 MARoles & Responsibilities (cont-)

  • Logistician’s focus throughout MA:

    • ensure logistics-related information and issues are brought to the attention of the rest of the JPG, and are factored into the planning process

    • Identify “show stoppers” early and constantly assess supportability

    • Identify, coordinate, and integratesupply and services, transportation, engineering, medical, and maintenance operations and efforts into the JTF’s plan

    • Commence development of the Logistic Estimate, which will eventually analyze and compare COAs, and recommend a COA that provides the best logistic support for the concept of operation


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JTF J4 MA Planning Checklists

  • Review all guidance and information available, to include any applicable plans, orders, existing staff estimates, etc.

  • Perform logistic intelligence preparation of the battlespace/assess key areas and concerns, to include (examples only – this is not a complete list!):

    • Identify potential joint, common, and cross-Service missions to be assigned to JTF components to avoid duplication of effort and maximize efficiencies

    • Identify combatant command-recommended stockage objectives and accompanying supplies

    • Identify bed-down/intermediate staging base requirements and environmental issues

    • Conduct an initial logistic risk assessment


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JTF J4 MA Planning Checklists (cont-)

  • Participate with JTF JPG in all MA steps, to include…

    • Determine specified, implied, and essential logistics tasks

    • Conduct an initial logistic force structure analysis. This should include the availability of all required logistics assets and staging installations

    • Determine limitations: usually phrased as constraints (things your force must do) & restraints (things your force cannot do); but there are also “others” related to terrain, logistics, strategic lift, weather, etc.

    • Identify critical facts & assumptions

    • Assist in creating a draft Prioritized Effects List (PEL)

    • Assist in developing the JTF mission statement

    • Assist in developing the mission analysis briefing for the JTF Cdr